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  1. Almost every night, I sit in bed and stare at my phone. Then I fall asleep and dream about the internet. I send friends imaginary iMessages and hear the woo-Oop sound and then the ding when they reply. I scroll through nonsensical tweets and read Slack messages from my boss. Since I bought my first smartphone in 2008, the internet has oozed its way into the subterranean parts of my consciousness. Maybe it feels like the same thing has happened to you too. Plenty of research has looked at how smartphones and social media sites affect our habits, our relationships, our brains, and attention spans. There are also plenty of studies documenting how excessive use of these new technologies may lead to poorer sleep. But there’s little research on how our constantly internet-connected lives may alter the content and quality of our dreams. That's partially due to the fact that studying the phenomenon of dreaming is incredibly difficult. Researchers are almost always forced to rely on what people remember about their dreams, rather than directly observable data. "The only way for researchers to be sure that someone is dreaming is by awakening the sleeper, thus terminating the dream," says Raphael Vallat, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California Berkeley who studies sleep and dreaming. So dreams remain mysterious; we don't yet know what purpose they serve, or exactly how to interpret them. But that doesn't mean research about media consumption and dreaming is nonexistent. In one study published in the journal Consciousness and Cognition in 2008, older participants who grew up watching black and white television reported dreaming more in grayscale than those who had consumed color TV, suggesting that access to media might have some sort of effect. What the Research Says Many dream researchers support an idea called the "continuity hypothesis," which says we tend to dream about the people and issues that preoccupy our waking thoughts. This doesn't mean that dreams reflect our waking lives necessarily, just that they tend to be about the same people and issues that concern us when we're awake. "Dreams really rarely replay a memory exactly as it was experienced, but rather integrate some of its elements into a broader, distorted narrative," Vallat adds. If you're obsessing over your friend’s Instagram comments or your own conversations on Twitter, the continuity hypothesis would suggest that it's reasonable for those things to appear in your dreams in some form as well. And people are definitely dreaming about the internet, at least according to anecdotal reports. Plenty of individuals say they experience social media-themed dreams, or dreams about apps they use for work, like the messaging service Slack. "I have dreams about Google Docs constantly. It really bothers me when I can’t remember what I was working on," says Caroline Haskins, an intern at news site The Outline. But is constantly being on the internet or consuming other new forms of media changing how we dream? Researchers like Jayne Gackenbach are trying to find out. Gackenbach, a psychology professor at MacEwan University, has been studying dreams and digital media since the 1990s. She acknowledges that her work is often based on what people self-report. "How much do you trust what someone says? That's a longstanding issue in any kind of dream research," she says. With that caveat, though, her research has found that playing videogames for a significant amount of time can alter both the content and the quality of a person's dreams. She’s conducted a number of studies that observed an association between playing videogames and an increase in lucid dreaming—a phenomenon where a person becomes aware they’re dreaming and can potentially control their actions. A follow-up analysis in 2013 proposed that “gaming may be associated with dream lucidity because of the enhanced problem-solving quality of gamer’s dreams.” Gackenbach has also found that playing videogames may provide a "protection" against nightmares, at least for some male gamers. That might be because videogames often simulate "fighting back" against threats, a scenario which is mimicked in the gamers' dreams. What About Social Media? But playing videogames is not the same as scrolling on Facebook or sending messages on Snapchat. It's possible that these activities impact our dreams in a different way—and Gackenbach is keen to learn how. Recently, she polled 481 university students about their dreams and media habits. Specifically, she asked them to recall a dream that involved some sort of electronic media—such as television, videogames, or social media—and what electronic media they had consumed the previous day. Students who used interactive media, like playing videogames or chatting with friends online, reported higher-quality dreams than those who, say, passively consumed TV shows. "Those that used interactive media reported more control over their dream," Gackenbach says. She presented her findings at the International Dream Conference in Arizona earlier this month. Gackenbach's findings—that the type of media we consume may affect the kind and quality of dreams we have—feel intuitively correct. More than one person has blamed their nightmares on watching a scary movie late at night. Yet other researchers dispute the idea that what we do during our waking hours has much impact on what we dream about. In which case, you could terror-scroll through Twitter all you want before bed—the bad tweets won’t attack you in your sleep because of it. "Generally, outside influences have little or no influence on dreams," says G. William Domhoff, a professor emeritus in psychology and sociology at the University of California at Santa Cruz and the author of The Emergence of Dreaming. "But since the dominant view is stimulus and response in psychology, and more generally in terms of American can-do [there’s the notion that] we can shape anything, everyone denies that dreams are spontaneous thoughts that appear under certain conditions." Domhoff points to a number of studies that in his view support the idea that daily events don't have much of an effect on our dreams. In one, 50 participants learned how to navigate a virtual maze on a computer and then were asked to take a nap. Only four reported having dreams related to the task. So don't swear off the internet forever just because you keep dreaming about accidentally liking your ex's Facebook post. The truth is we don't really know what it means. Just take comfort in the fact that you're not alone. Source
  2. Dreams are so strange and carry so much significance to us that we often feel the need to tell people about our nocturnal adventures, sometimes at tedious length. But if you understand what goes on inside the brain as dreams take their course, they start to make a lot more sense. And dreams are much more important than you might think. Here are some common questions answered about the nighttime hallucinations we call dreams. 1. Why are dreams so weird There's a good reason dreams are so skittish and peculiar. Memories of life events – "episodic memories" – are stored in a part of the brain called the hippocampus, and in rapid eye movement (REM), sleep signals coming out of the hippocampus are shut off. That means we can't access specific memories of things that happened in the past while we dream. But we can still access general memories about people and places, which form the backbone of our dreams. At the same time, activity in brain regions involved in emotional processes are cranked up, forming an overly emotional narrative that stitches these memories together. As an example, I dreamed recently that a flood had surrounded the house in which I grew up; I needed to try to fly out of the window to escape but I'd forgotten how to fly. The overwhelming feeling was emotion – fear and anxiety about the rising water levels and my inability to fly. Another part of the brain, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which controls our powers of both logical reasoning and decision-making, is also shut down. I don't stop to question why the floodwater is rising so fast, or why I'm back in my childhood home, or even why flying to safety is an option. This difference in brain activity compared with when we are awake helps explain why we feel like we have such scant control over our dreams – we are observers, along for the ride – and why when weird things happen, we don't raise an eyebrow until we wake up. In my dreams, I often end up breathing underwater, as if it were completely natural. 2. Do we only dream in REM sleep? The study of dreams – which for centuries was more of an exercise in imaginative explanation than anything approaching science – started properly in 1953, when Eugene Aserinsky and Nathaniel Kleitman at the University of Chicago hooked volunteers up to EEGs that detect electrical activity in the brain and woke them during different sleep stages. They discovered REM sleep and its association with dreaming. Recent experiments have shown that we dream throughout our sleep, and not just in REM sleep, but we forget most of them. Dreams that occur in deep sleep tend to be unemotional, non-vivid, concerned with simple things, and hard to remember. In short, they are boring. REM sleep is where the classic dreams occur, those with bizarre juxtapositions, physically impossible feats, disturbing, moving and puzzling experiences. Incidentally, many people have wondered if in REM sleep our eyes are moving to "look" at dream images. Some evidence suggests that this is indeed the case. 3. Why are dreams hard to remember? Some people insist that they never dream, but they are wrong. We know this from experiments that involve waking people at different stages during the night. Everybody dreams, but we don't all remember them. This could be down to brain activity – those of us who tend to remember dreams have greater activity while asleep and awake in two parts of the brain involved in promoting images and storing memories than people who don't remember their dreams. It also has to do with how you sleep. During REM sleep, we struggle to form new memories, says Robert Stickgold, at the division of sleep medicine at Harvard Medical School. If we wake during or just after a dream, however, we are able to grasp hold of it before it slips away – in other words, we can encode it into longer-term storage. So if you wake during the night, you'll probably remember snatches of dreams you were having. On the other hand, if you wake with an alarm clock and cut short your REM sleep, you are unlikely to keep hold of that memory. That sudden switch of focus from being asleep and dreaming to awake and turning off the alarm interferes with the process of remembering. 4. What are dreams for? There are many ideas about why we dream. One is that they may have an evolutionary function, to test us in scenarios that are important to our survival. This might explain why people often report being chased or attacked in their dreams. On the other hand, many people have attested to the power of dreams for spurring creative thought, such as Paul McCartney, who says the melody to "Yesterday" came to him in a dream (on waking, he improvised lyrics so as not to forget the tune), and chemist Dmitri Mendeleev who said the structure of the periodic table of elements came to him in a dream There is experimental support for the idea, with studies showing that people score better on tests of creativity after naps consisting of REM sleep. 5. Do dreams mean anything? Sigmund Freud famously asserted that "the interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind." He thought the unconscious was concerned with "deviant" thoughts, and that dreams were primarily a means of wish fulfillment. While these ideas are now out of favor within science, some interpretation of dreams is possible. What you dream about and the emotional tone of the dream probably reflects what your brain considers important. Research shows that if you play Tetris all day long, your brain will decide that Tetris is what you need to dream about. If you are anxious about something, your brain may well give you a dream with anxiety as the dominant emotion. A huge amount of research logging waking experiences and dream content suggests that your experiences in the day can be mapped to the content of your dream – but a lot, perhaps a majority, of apparently unrelated flotsam also creeps into dreams. Attempting to analyze and interpret your dreams could be therapeutic or insightful, says Mark Blagrove, of Swansea University, in Wales, but he cautions that some might say that such insight might be no more than you'd get from considering your horoscope or daydreams. Experiments would be needed to test whether dreams in particular convey important personal information. And even then it doesn't mean dreams are designed to convey that information. If evolution has given us dreams as messages about ourselves, it could have done a better job at making them easier to remember. 6. Do men and women dream differently? Some analyses of dream content suggest that women dream equally about men and women, while men are more likely to dream about other men. Michael Schredl, of the Central Institute of Mental Health, in Mannheim, Germany, has documented dream reports showing that men often dream about fighting other men, while women will dream more often of friendly interactions with people. A couple years ago, Christina Wong and colleagues at the University of Ottawa, wrote a computer program to differentiate between the dreams of men and women. The program correctly predicted the gender of the dreamer about 75 percent of the time. This suggests there may be gender differences in dreaming – but for now it's too soon to say why. Hooper is managing editor at New Scientist, from which this is excerpted. His book "Superhuman: Life at the extremes of mental and physical ability" will be published in May. https://www.sciencealert.com/science-is-getting-closer-to-answering-what-really-goes-on-inside-the-human-mind-when-we-dream
  3. selesn777

    DVB Dream 2.6 Final

    DVB Dream 2.6 Final DVB Dream - an alternative program for satellite tuners. The greatest interest is a just for holders DVB-S and DVB-S2 tuners , but additionally supports digital standards DVB-T and DVB-C. Has very rich functionality and advanced settings . Interface is convenient and quite attractive . It supports skins , change part design panel. Overall, the program DVB dream made ​​very soundly. There is a thoughtful dialogue , multilingual interface, support of various satellite equipment and plug-ins . Features: v2.6 (31.05.2014) What's New Homepage: http://www.dvbdream.org/ OS: Windows XP / Vista / 7 / 8 Language: ML Medicine: Keygen Size: 9,57 Mb.
  4. By Matthew O'Brien Jan 26 2014, 9:00 AM ET The top 1 percent aren't killing the American Dream. Something else isif you live in the wrong place. Here's what we know. The rich are getting richer, but according to a blockbuster new study that hasn't made it harder for the poor to become rich. The good news is that people at the bottom are just as likely to move up the income ladder today as they were 50 years ago. But the bad news is that people at the bottom are just as likely to move up the income ladder today as they were 50 years ago. We like to tell ourselves that America is the land of opportunity, but the reality doesn't match the rhetoricand hasn't for awhile. We actually have less social mobility than countries like Denmark. And that's more of a problem the more inequality there is. Think about it like this: Moving up matters more when there's a bigger gap between the rich and poor. So even though mobility hasn't gotten worse lately, it has worse consequences today because inequality is worse. But it's a little deceiving to talk about "our" mobility rate. There isn't one or two or even three Americas. There are hundreds. The research team of Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Herndon, Patrick Kline, and Emmanuel Saez looked at each "commuting zone" (CZ) within the U.S., and found that the American Dream is still alive in some parts of the country. Kids born into the bottom 20 percent of households, for example, have a 12.9 percent chance of reaching the top 20 percent if they live in San Jose. That's about as high as it is in the highest mobility countries. But kids born in Charlotte only have a 4.4 percent chance of moving from the bottom to the top 20 percent. That's worse than any developed country we have numbers for. You can see what my colleague Derek Thompson calls the geography of the American Dream in the map below. It shows where kids have the best and worst chances of moving up from the bottom to the top quintileand that the South looks more like a banana republic. (Note: darker colors mean there is less mobility, and lighter colors mean that there's more). So what makes northern California different from North Carolina? Well, we don't know for sure, but we do know what doesn't. The researchers found that local tax and spending decisions explain some, but not too much, of this regional mobility gap. Neither does local school quality, at least judged by class size. Local area colleges and tuition were also non-factors. And so were local labor markets, including their share of manufacturing jobs and those facing cheap, foreign competition. But here's what we know does matter. Just how much isn't clear. 1. Race. The researchers found that the larger the black population, the lower the upward mobility. But this isn't actually a black-white issue. It's a rich-poor one. Low-income whites who live in areas with more black people also have a harder time moving up the income ladder. In other words, it's something about the places that black people live that hurts mobility. 2. Segregation. Something like the poor being isolatedisolated from good jobs and good schools. See, the more black people a place has, the more divided it tends to be along racial and economic lines. The more divided it is, the more sprawl there is. And the more sprawl there is, the less higher-income people are willing to invest in things like public transit. That leaves the poor in the ghetto, with no way out for their American Dreams. They're stuck with bad schools, bad jobs, and bad commutes if they do manage to find better work. So it should be no surprise that the researchers found that racial segregation, income segregation, and sprawl are all strongly negatively correlated with upward mobility. But what might surprise is that it doesn't matter whether the rich cut themselves off from everybody else. What matters is whether the middle class cut themselves off from the poor. 3. Social Capital. Living around the middle class doesn't just bring better jobs and schools (which help, but probably aren't enough). It brings better institutions too. Things like religious groups, civic groups, and any other kind of group that keeps people from bowling alone. All of these are strongly correlated with more mobilitywhich is why Utah, with its vast Mormon safety net and services, is one of the best places to be born poor. 4. Inequality. The 1 percent are different from you and methey have so much more money that they live in a different world. It's a world of $40,000 a year preschool, "nanny consultants," and an endless supply of private tutors. It keeps the children of the super-rich from falling too far, but it doesn't keep the poor from rising (at least into the top quintile). There just wasn't any correlation between the rise and rise of the 1 percent and upward mobility. In other words, it doesn't hurt your chances of making it into the top 80 to 99 percent if the super-rich get even richer. But inequality does matter within the bottom 99 percent. The bigger the gap between the poor and the merely rich (as opposed to the super-rich), the less mobility there is. It makes intuitive sense: it's easier to jump from the bottom near the top if you don't have to jump as far. The top 1 percent are just so high now that it doesn't matter how much higher they go; almost nobody can reach them. 5. Family Structure. Forget race, forget jobs, forget schools, forget churches, forget neighborhoods, and forget the top 1or maybe 10percent. Nothing matters more for moving up than who raises you. Or, in econospeak, nothing correlates with upward mobility more than the number of single parents, divorcees, and married couples. The cliché is true: Kids do best in stable, two-parent homes. It's not clear what, if any, policy lessons we should take from this truism. As my colleague Jordan Weissmann points out, we don't really have any idea how to promote marriage. We can try telling people how great it is to get hitched. We can even get rid of the marriage penalties some low-income couples face. But these won't, and haven't, been making more people exchange till-death-do-us-parts. And should we even want to? Steve Waldman points out that poor women know better than upper-middle-class people yelling at them to get married whether they should or not. They know whether their boyfriend would make a good husband, a good father, a good teacher. And they know that marriage is important. That they're not getting married tells us something. Sometimes no match is better than a bad match. *** Flat mobility is the defining Rorschach test of our time. Conservatives look at it, and say, see, we shouldn't worry about the top 1 percent, because they're not making the American Dream any harder to achieve. But liberals look at it, and say see, we should care about inequality, because it can make the American Dream harder to achieveand it raises the stakes if you don't. But both want to increase upward mobility. It's not enough to keep it where it was 50 years ago. We need to actually become the land of opportunity. The American Dream is alive in Denmark and Finland and Sweden. And in San Jose and Salt Lake City and Pittsburgh. But it's dead in Atlanta and Raleigh and Charlotte. And in Indianapolis and Detroit and Jacksonville. Fixing that isn't just about redistribution. It's about building denser cities, so the poor aren't so segregated. About good schools that you don't have to live in the right (and expensive) neighborhood to attend. And about ending a destructive drug war that imprisons and blights the job prospects of far too many non-violent offendersfurther shrinking the pool of "marriageable" men. Because the American Dream is dead in too much of America. http://m.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/01/why-is-the-american-dream-dead-in-the-south/283313 Also see NYT Interactive Map of Poverty in US with video in this link: http://www.nsaneforums.com/topic/202059-nyt-interactive-map-of-poverty-in-us/?hl=%2Bpoverty+%2Bmap#entry720410
  5. I am dreaming of downloading stuff from nsane.forums without sharecode. :P
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