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  1. (Reuters) - Apple Inc held talks with Samsung Electronics Co Ltd and MediaTek Inc along with existing vendor Intel Corp to supply 5G modem chips for 2019 iPhones, according to an Apple executive’s testimony at a trial between Qualcomm Inc and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission on Friday. Between 2011 and 2016, Apple relied on San Diego-based Qualcomm as the sole supplier of such chips, which help iPhones connect to wireless networks. Starting in 2016, Apple split the business between Intel and Qualcomm, but in 2018, Apple moved solely to Intel for its newest phones. But Apple supply chain executive Tony Blevins testified on Friday that Apple has also considered MediaTek and Samsung, one of its largest rivals in the smart phone market, to supply the chips for the next generation of wireless networks known as 5G. Those networks are expected to start rolling out this year and provide faster data speeds than current 4G networks. The FTC is suing Qualcomm alleging the chip supplier engaged in anticompetitive patent licensing practices to preserve a dominant position in the premium modem chip market. On the stand at a federal courthouse in San Jose, California, Blevins testified that Apple has long sought multiple suppliers for modem chips but signed an agreement with Qualcomm to exclusively supply the chips because the chip supplier offered deep rebates on patent license costs in exchange for exclusivity. In 2013, Apple broke off work with Intel to start supplying modems for the iPad Mini 2 because Apple would lose its rebates by using Intel’s chips, rendering Intel’s products “economically unattractive” overall. Later that year after cost negotiations with Qualcomm did not go as Apple hoped, Apple kicked off “Project Antique” to secure a second modem supplier, Blevins testified. By 2016 and 2017, Apple introduced Intel’s modems in some of its iPhones but also still used Qualcomm chips. But Apple’s lawsuit against Qualcomm filed in early 2017 caused their business relationship to change “in a very profound and negative manner,” leading to using only Intel’s modems for the phones released last year. “The entire concept of Project Antique was to find a second supplier. No offense to (Intel) but we don’t want to be single supplier with them. We wanted both Qualcomm and (Intel) in the mix,” Blevins said. Blevins also testified Apple considered making Intel the sole supplier of modems for the Apple Watch, which added 4G connectivity in 2017 using Qualcomm chips. Blevins said that talking with Samsung, whose Galaxy and Note devices compete against the iPhone, is “not an ideal environment” for Apple, but that Samsung is currently the largest component supplier to Apple. Blevins did not say whether Apple had reached a decision on a 5G modem supplier or whether it would release a 5G iPhone in 2019. Citing sources, Bloomberg previously reported that Apple would not release such a phone until 2020. Source
  2. AT&T already launched its initial mobile 5G network in parts of 12 U.S. cities last December, but it’s now preparing for full nationwide coverage — a dauntingly large task that its millimeter wave small cells won’t be able to handle alone. This morning, the carrier revealed that it will “offer nationwide 5G coverage with our lower band spectrum,” specifically the sub-6GHz frequencies discussed in our interview with AT&T VP Gordon Mansfield yesterday. Above: Netgear's Nighthawk 5G Mobile Hotspot is the first AT&T mobile 5G device, and already available for purchase. While the announcement isn’t entirely surprising given that AT&T began to distinguish between “5G” and “5G+” in December, noting that it planned to call high-speed millimeter wave service “5G+” and offer it only in select high-traffic areas, this is the first official confirmation that AT&T’s nationwide 5G network will rely upon aggregating lower-bandwidth radio signals, which spread more widely from larger towers. Rival T-Mobile has similarly said that it will use low-bandwidth towers for its nationwide 5G network, while Verizon has focused largely on “true 5G” using high-capacity millimeter wave spectrum. Even so, all of the carriers will eventually rely upon more than one radio band to provide 5G service. Each carrier is expected to convert some of its existing LTE spectrum into 5G spectrum, though there’s a substantial likelihood of a speed penalty for doing so — enough that there could be a noticeable performance gap between millimeter wave and sub-6GHz 5G networks. AT&T specifically says that it plans to “begin deploying that lower band spectrum in the second half of this year,” suggesting that the allocation of some existing LTE spectrum for 5G will happen sooner rather than later, supporting an already announced Samsung sub-6GHz smartphone. In the transition from 4G to 5G, AT&T says that it has brought two interim technologies into more markets than expected: 1Gbps LTE-LAA is now in parts of 55 cities, with its controversially named “5G Evolution” or “5G E” — actually just 4G LTE-Advanced — in over 400 markets, offering roughly 400Mbps speeds on select 4G devices. Towers with the 5G E hardware will be capable of flipping to actual 5G service in the near future, but until then will confuse 4G users into believing that they’re using 5G technologies. AT&T also said that it is expanding its agreement with AR purveyor Magic Leap to include business solutions, including manufacturing, retail, and health care applications. Magic Leap’s current-generation hardware has no cellular hardware, but the company is expected to offer a 5G version in the future, in partnership with AT&T. Source
  3. Randall Stephenson, CEO of AT&T. DREW ANGERER/GETTY IMAGES In January, AT&T said it would launch a 5G wireless network in 2018. On Tuesday, the company said it would meet that target—barely—by launching a 5G service in parts of 12 cities starting Friday. Even in those cities, though, few people will be able to use the service anytime soon. Eventually, 5G is expected to deliver speeds around 200 times faster than today's 4G wireless networks. For now, though, AT&T's new network, dubbed 5G+, and a 5G home wireless network launched by Verizon in five cities in October, will be nowhere near that fast, and only be available in limited areas. AT&T says it will first offer its service in parts of Atlanta; Charlotte, North Carolina; Dallas; Houston; Indianapolis; Jacksonville, Florida; Louisville, Kentucky; New Orleans; Oklahoma City; Raleigh, North Carolina; San Antonio; and Waco, Texas. Verizon offers its 5G Home service, which only works in fixed locations, in parts of Houston, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, and Sacramento, California. Neither company would offer details about service locations in these cities. Even if you’re within a coverage area for AT&T's 5G+, it could be a while before you're actually able to use it. No US smartphones can connect to 5G networks yet, so those hoping to use 5G+ will need a specific Wi-Fi hot spot, the Netgear Nighthawk 5G Mobile Hotspot. Like 3G and 4G hotspots, this gadget will act as a mobile Wi-Fi router that you could then connect to your smartphone or laptop. But AT&T says it only has a limited supply of those devices, which it will offer to a few eligible customers; everyone else will have to wait until spring. AT&T isn't saying how fast the 5G+ network will be, but says its theoretical maximum speed is just shy of 1 gigabit per second. Verizon's 5G Home network advertises a maximum speed of about the same. That would make the two services comparable to Google Fiber, if—and this is a big if—the networks could maintain the higher end of those speeds as more people use the services. But it's far short of the 10-gigabit connections 5G could one day provide. Today's 4G technology can, in theory, provide 1 gigabit speeds. But 5G networks will be more up to the task, in part because they will be able to use the "millimeter wave" range of the wireless spectrum, where far more bandwidth is available. AT&T and Verizon both claim to use the millimeter-wave spectrum for these new 5G networks. AT&T offers another service it calls 5G Evolution, which it says will be available in 400 markets by the end of the year. But the wireless technologies AT&T says it uses for this service are actually parts of a 4G standard called LTE Advanced that is already used by T-Mobile, leading some critics to call it a "fake" 5G network. The speeds AT&T advertisers for 5G Evolution are about half of what the company and Verizon both cite as the maximum speeds of the newer 5G services. SOURCE
  4. Chinese smartphone maker Huawei says the Australian government has banned it from providing 5G technology for the country's wireless networks. It said fellow communications firm ZTE had also been banned, both reportedly because of national security concerns. "This is a extremely disappointing result for consumers," the company said on Twitter. Faster data download and upload speeds are promised with 5G, which is the next stage of mobile internet connectivity. Wider coverage and more stable connections than current 4G technology are also highlighted as benefits. What is 5G? Superfast 5G mobiles move a step closer 5G auction bidding starts in UK What's the issue? Several countries are preparing for the roll-out of 5G mobile networks, although analysts say few will launch 5G services before 2020. Mark Newman, from the consultancy ConnectivityX, said: "5G is going to be the next significant wave of mobile infrastructure deployment. "If existing suppliers are banned, it will be quite a major blow for them." Huawei is the world's biggest producer of telecoms equipment. It also ranks second in global smartphone sales, behind Samsung and ahead of Apple. In July, a UK security committee warned that it had "only limited assurance" that Huawei's telecoms kit posed no threat to national security. The UK's cyber-defence watchdog - the National Cyber Security Centre - has also warned that the use of ZTE's equipment and services could pose a national security risk. Huawei has a larger share of the phone market than Apple "As we move into 5G, a greater proportion of the network is controlled by software," said Mr Newman. "There is an argument that in this software realm, concerns about who is managing the network and where from are heightened." What has Australia said? On Thursday, the Australian government said national security regulations that were typically applied to telecoms firms would be extended to equipment suppliers. Companies that were "likely to be subject to extrajudicial directions from a foreign government" could present a security risk, it said. The United States has previously banned Huawei from bidding for government contracts because of fears over espionage. ZTE has also had its activity restricted in the US. Under Chinese law, companies must co-operate with the intelligence services. Analysts therefore warn that equipment produced by firms such as Huawei and ZTE could be compromised. How has China responded? China's foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said Australia should not "use various excuses to artificially erect barriers". It called on Australia to "abandon ideological prejudices and provide a fair competitive environment for Chinese companies". Huawei has defended the security of its products. "Huawei is a world leader in 5G," the company said in a statement. It said it had "safely and securely" delivered wireless technology in Australia for close to 15 years. Source
  5. THE NEXT GENERATION OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY IS READY FOR TAKE-OFF Whizzy 5G tech has everything going for it barring a strong business case NORTH KOREAN athletes haven't been the only unusual participants at the winter Olympics in Pyeongchang in South Korea. Anyone can take part, at least virtually. Many contestants will be watched by 360-degree video cameras, able to stream footage via a wireless network. At certain venues around the country sports fans will be able to don virtual-reality, head-mounted displays to get right into the action. Flying alongside a ski jumper, for instance, will offer an adrenalin rush without any risk of a hard landing. These virtual experiences will be offered by KT, South Korea’s largest telecoms firm. They are meant to showcase the latest generation of wireless technology, known as “5G”. But just as ski jumpers never know exactly how far they will leap after leaving the ramp, it is unclear where 5G will land. On paper, the new technology should go far. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a UN body which helps develop technical standards, has agreed on an ambitious set of requirements for the technology. It should offer download speeds of at least 20 gigabits per second, response times or “latency” of less than 1 millisecond and the ability to connect at least 1m devices in one square kilometre. So 5G networks are supposed to be able to transfer a full-length, high-resolution film in two seconds, respond to requests in less than a hundredth of the time it takes to blink an eye and effortlessly serve cities that are densely packed with connected humans and devices. When 5G is properly rolled out, wireless bandwidth may seem infinite, says Alex Choi, until recently the chief technology officer of SK Telecom, South Korea’s second biggest carrier, who is now at Deutsche Telekom, a German operator. That will enable all kinds of data-ravenous services, which SK is testing at its “5G Playground” near Seoul. One such is a virtual-reality offering that allows people to beam themselves into shared digital spaces such as a virtual sports stadium. Another piece of 5G ingenuity is on view at Ericsson, a maker of network equipment. In what was once a factory building next to its headquarters near Stockholm, it is demonstrating “network slicing”, a technique to create bespoke networks. The antennae on display are able to create separate wireless networks, to serve anything from smartphones and wireless sensors to industrial robots and self-driving cars. “Each set of devices will get exactly the connectivity they need,” says Nishant Batra, who runs wireless-network products at the Swedish firm. This versatility, along with the ITU requirements, could make 5G the connective tissue for the internet of things (IoT), as connected devices are collectively called, says Pierre Ferragu of Bernstein Research. Networks based on it could connect and control robots, medical devices, industrial equipment and agricultural machinery. They could also enable “edge computing”, the idea that more and more number-crunching will not happen in centralised data centres but at the fringe of networks. The telecoms industry has a lot riding on 5G. Mature network-equipment makers such as Ericsson and Nokia want it to revive demand for their wares, which has declined markedly since investment in 4G peaked a couple of years ago. Makers of radio chips, such as Qualcomm, are keen too. Countries are also boosters of 5G. Having lagged in the previous wireless generation, Asian countries want to lead the way on the next one. Using the Olympic Games to showcase and launch 5G is not unique to South Korea. Japan will do so in 2020, when Tokyo hosts the summer Olympics and NTT DoCoMo, the country’s largest operator, wants to start offering 5G services commercially. In China the government, operators and local equipment makers such as Huawei and ZTE are about to launch big 5G trials. In America, where competition between AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon has already speeded 5G development, industrial policy may further accelerate its roll-out: a leaked memo written for the White House by an official of the National Security Council went so far as to call for a nationalised 5G network. Such a project, it argued, would allow America “to leap ahead of global competitors and provide the American people with a secure and reliable infrastructure”. The memo was dismissed, but the idea could crop up again. In spite of all this backing for 5G, hurdles exist. One of these is radio spectrum, which is increasingly saturated in the lower frequency bands usually used by mobile networks. Free spectrum abounds in the higher bands—in particular where the length of radio waves is counted in millimetres. But the higher the frequency, the more difficult things get, explains Stéphane Téral of IHS Markit, a research firm. Millimetre waves provide a lot of bandwidth, but even foliage can block them. They either need direct line-of-sight to work or must be bounced around obstacles, which requires lots of computing power. Hardware is another headwind. Some equipment vendors have been touting their wares as “5G-ready”, needing only software upgrades to work with the new standards. In fact, even if equipment is easily upgradeable, most operators will have to rejig their networks. High-frequency radio waves do not travel far, so firms have to erect more base stations (computers that power a network’s antennae). As for mobile devices, big changes must be made for these to be able to use millimetre waves; with current technology, the computing power to process the signals would drain batteries in a twinkling. But the biggest brake on 5G will be economic. When the GSMA, an industry group, last year asked 750 telecoms bosses about the main risk to delivering 5G, over half cited the “lack of a clear business case”. Some of this pessimism is tactical: if operators were more enthusiastic, equipment vendors would raise their prices. But as things stand, 5G is unlikely to be a big moneymaker, says Chetan Sharma, a telecoms consultant. That is because, although people want more bandwidth, they are often not willing to pay for it—an attitude even the fanciest virtual-reality offerings may not shift. Revenue per gigabyte of data has already plunged by over 50% between 2012 and 2015, estimates Mr Sharma. Costs per gigabyte have not gone down nearly as much and building 5G will not be cheap. Because of the higher frequencies, 5G will require more antennae, base stations and fibre-optic cables to connect them. And before firms can take full advantage of “network slicing”, for instance, they have to upgrade the computers at the core of their networks. “We will have to work harder to give 5G a push,” admits Lauri Oksanen, who oversees network research at Nokia, a Finnish equipment maker. Operators are unlikely to ramp up their 5G investments quickly, predicts Bengt Nordstrom of Northstream, a telecoms consultancy. Instead, he says, they will roll it out gradually where the numbers add up. Some will first use the technology to provide superfast “fixed” wireless links (ie, between two stationary antennae), which is less tricky to do. Both AT&T and Verizon have said they will start offering such a service in America this year. Other carriers may use 5G to get more out of the spectrum they own. Others will weave 5G networks to serve densely populated cities, most probably in Asia. And some will launch private systems, for instance to provide connectivity in mines and ports. In other words, 5G’s trajectory is likely to differ from that of a ski jumper: it may fly low for years before it takes off. If this is the case, it would develop much like 3G, a mobile technology introduced in the early 2000s. It disappointed until it found a “killer application” with the smartphone late in the decade. And it was only with 4G that mobile networks lived up to the promises made of 3G, such as being able to watch video streams (see chart). “The odd-numbered generations do not seem to do too well,” quips Dean Bubley, a telecoms expert. “We may have to wait for 6G to get what 5G promises.” SOURCE
  6. straycat19

    Top 5 ways 5G will change things

    The first real world tests of 5G wireless service are happening. And in a few years we'll all be surfing on multi-gigabit wireless connections. So what will that mean—besides the end of Netflix buffering? Here are the top five ways 5G's gonna change things: 1. Mobile first will go from a new way of looking at usage to the dominant reality. We'll be mobile first all the time since high bandwidth can be available anywhere. 2. Virtual and augmented reality will become a reality. There will be enough bandwidth to accommodate high resolution useful experiences. Think things like medical imaging and expert systems, not just games. 3. No more wires! Your workforce can take fast bandwidth with them out in the field, and have it at home. That saves money on operational costs and gives you a lot more flexibility. 4. Real-time cloud processing. The distinction between what happens on your device and in the cloud will start to disappear. As long as you have connectivity you'll have almost unlimited storage and massive processing power. 5. Video will be easy for everyone. Real-time video interaction means easier remote troubleshooting and high quality video interaction for meetings, marketing, and customer support. It makes me salivate a little to think of all that bandwidth available over the air at the coffee shop at the park or even at work. Source
  7. It’s only been five years since 4G mobile broadband came along and made it possible to browse the internet and stream videos on your phone at a decent speed. 4G speeds are already faster than lots of home broadband connections, but the tech world is already wondering what comes next. The promise of 5G is powerful internet speeds around ten times faster than what’s possible now with no lag, providing a new wireless infrastructure for our future smart homes, wearables, driverless cars, and virtual reality. Everyone is super excited about it. But 5G doesn’t actually exist—yet. Researchers, policymakers, and the wireless industry are busy trying to figure out how to make the next-gen protocol a reality, tossing around an optimistic deadline of 2020. On Tuesday, CTIA, a wireless lobbying group, hosted a forum to discuss the road to 5G, keynoted by Senator John Thune, who said he will introduce a mobile expansion bill this week. There was much gushing over the benefits of 5G, but until a bunch of global nations and telecom firms come together and agree on a standard definition, we can only speculate on what 5G will look like and how it will work. What most everyone does agree on is that the current 4G network is not up to the task of supporting the demand the hyperconnected Internet of Things and Bandwidth-guzzling video will put on wireless networks. Cisco predicts mobile data use will increase tenfold in the next few years as some 50 billion smart things connect to mobile networks. As internet starts flowing through everything from your toaster to your socks, we’re going to need a bigger pipe to handle the flow. But the 4G network is already clogged with too much traffic, with carriers mandating data caps and throttling heavy users. To support the demand for gigabit speeds and mounting data use, we’ll have to grab bandwidth from higher up in the electromagnetic spectrum, pushing up into the “extremely high frequency” range at 30-300 GHz—wedged right between microwaves and infrared light. Most phones using 4G operate in the 700-800 megahertz (MHz) range of the spectrum, with some LTE as high as 3,500 MHz, or 3.5 gigahertz (GHz). While the 4G network infrastructure is continuing to be built out—”there’s some gas left in that tank,” said one person at Tuesday’s event—the band is increasingly strained. The radio waves in the extremely high frequency band have 1-10 millimeter wavelengths (versus tens of centimeters in the lower range where 4G lives), so they’re also called “millimeter-wave” frequencies. Since the higher the frequency, the more data can be squeezed into a signal, so millimeter-wave speeds are faster by an order of magnitude, with potential for speeds at 10 gigabits per second (Gbps) or more, depending on who you ask. The wireless industry has been slinging around a bunch of different figures, predicting 5G would be fast enough to download a full-length ultra HD movie in a matter of seconds, versus the several minutes it takes now. (Current 4G speeds hover around 5-100 Mbps.) Early 5G tests were able to transmit data at peak speeds of 7.5 Gbps. This is good news for playing 8K video or interactive video games on your phone, but most of the buzz around 5G is about enabling the IoT, enabling a network where everything being connected to everything and sending signals betwixt in true real-time—5G is expected to cut latency to under a millisecond. Picture a scenario where sensors on the road could instantly tell driverless cars or smart cars about an accident up ahead, while at the scene of the crash a person’s smartphone or watch could relay their health information to an ambulance en route. Smart cities could solve traffic congestion by getting real-time data and automating flow. And eliminating lag time is obviously key for virtual reality and augmented reality getting good enough for mainstream adoption. (Samsung demoed a wireless-enabled VR headset at Tuesday’s event.) This most likely requires dipping into the huge swath of bandwidth in the extremely high frequency range of the radio spectrum that’s sitting mostly unused, because electronics can’t currently send and receive transmissions at these frequencies, something chipmakers are working to develop. It’s like discovering a new continent of uncharted wilderness. The radio spectrum is extremely valuable: There’s a limited amount of space and ever-increasing demand, and when the government starts doling out new spectrum space we can almost certainly expect a frenzied frequency land grab. In the US, the government regulates the airwaves, licensing certain frequency bands to private companies and reserving sections for public use. There’s fierce competition for the chunks of airwaves the government puts up for auction, with wireless carriers spending billions for prime real estate on the spectrum. The 700 MHz band auctioned off in 2008—freed up because it was being underused by analog TV—was considered “beachfront property” for broadband wireless and spurred a debate over making the open band public access. New frequencies up for grabs would be a chance to allocate public networks or for small carriers to snatch up some bands, though big telco will likely walk away with the lion’s share. While there’s more space available in the upper part of the spectrum, the drawback is that airwaves travel shorter distances the higher their frequency. 5G signals would only propagate a couple hundred meters before being absorbed by the gases in the atmosphere, and the narrow waves can’t pass through walls or window glass; even leaves can interfere with the signal. So while 4G mobile is great for providing coverage to a whole house, 5G would require a whole new wireless architecture, with cell bases every 100-200 meters—meaning thousands of antennas and transmitters installed in rooms, lamp posts, street signs and so on. Higher frequencies can be transmitted by smaller antennas, so the industry is focused on “small cell” architecture: microcells, femtocells and picocells. Another area of research is “beamforming,” which is concentrating the energy of a signal to steer it in a certain direction, aimed right at its target. So you could potentially put an antenna in a device and direct the signal to follow a user around as they move, which could help get around obstacles and interference. “Terms like ‘beamforming,’ ‘MIMO,’ ‘millimeter-wave,’ ‘small cells,’ and others will likely become part of the official lexicon the wireless industry,” said Sen. Thune at Tuesday’s event. Because of these infrastructure requirements, 5G will most likely be rolled out in densely populated cities first. Short-range signals aren’t great for servicing rural areas; instead, 5G may fill in the last bits to supplement a fiber internet backbone, and will need to be compatible with low and mid-range spectrum bands as well as 4G and 3G networks. The standard will also have to take into concern a better security protocols, as billions of sensors and everyday objects connected to the internet creates basically a playground for hackers. Developing an international standard for the 5G network is likely to be a herculean task tangled in red tape, but the deadline in sight is 2020, just four years from now. Japan would like to have 5G up and running by 2020 Olympics in Tokyo, as would South Korea for the 2018 Games. In the US, the Federal Communications Commission proposed making spectrum bands above 24 GHz available for mobile. Senator Thune's new legislation, the Mobile Now Act, will ask the government to free up more airwaves for commercial use and examine millimeter-wave frequencies for 5G. Meanwhile the group overseeing wireless development, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a branch of the United Nations, is also eyeing the 2020 timeline and released a roadmap for progress. It also gave the new mobile standard an official name: IMT-2020. Though something tells me “5G” is going to stick. http://motherboard.vice.com/en_uk/read/what-is-5G-internet-wireless-4G-3G-verizon
  8. By Chris Smith on Jan 24, 2014 at 3:10 PM South Korea plans to further upgrade its cellular data speeds in the coming years, and has announced that it will invest 1.6 trillion won (or $1.5 billion) in a 5G wireless network that will be 1,000 times faster than current 4G technology and will let users download full length movies in under a second, Agence France Presse reports. “We helped fuel national growth with 2G services in the 1990s, 3G in the 2000s and 4G around 2010. Now it is time to take preemptive action to develop 5G,” the science ministry said in a statement. “Countries in Europe, China and the US are making aggressive efforts to develop 5G technology… and we believe there will be fierce competition in this market in a few years.” The 5G service will start rolling out in 2017 and will be commercially available in December 2020 with local carriers including SK Telecom and Korea Telecom. Handset makers including LG and Samsung are expected to help out with 5G development plans and costs as well. The technology would further help the country get a larger share of the world’s telecom infrastructure business, as the government wants to have a 20% stake in the business by 2020, significantly higher than its current 4.4% market share. Interestingly, 5G speeds will also allow telecoms to offer Internet connectivity in bullet trains that travel with speeds topping 500km/h, an unnamed ministry official revealed. http://bgr.com/2014/01/24/south-korea-5g-wireless-network-launch
  9. The world may still be getting used to the idea of having high-speed 4G wireless data at its collective fingertips, and many are still stuck with good-ol’ 3G, but that doesn’t mean that companies and governments the world over aren’t clamoring to try and get ahead of the game. 5G is where it’s going to be at in the next five or so years, and South Korea hopes to lead the way. South Korea’s Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) announced this past Wednesday that it was working on a 5G technology that would blow the current 4G spectrum out of the water. By investing 1.6 trillion won ($1.5 billion) in the initiative, MEST hopes to produce a 5G network that is capable of speeds that are 1000 times faster than 4G, allowing an 800MB movie file to be downloaded via the airwaves in just one second. The expected timescale for such a thing? In just six years – 2020.NEST may be hard at work on making the whole thing viable, but it says it is also looking into potential uses for the network, with Ultra-HD and holographic streaming high on the agenda. If you’ve ever tried to watch an HD YouTube video on a spotty 3G connection, then the idea of 4K video coming across that network will make your eyes water. Most home broadband connections won’t manage it either, but if South Korea’s MEST has its way, its people will be doing such things on smartphones and wireless dongles. Jealous much? Of course, MEST isn’t the only one working on 5G technology. Samsung has already demonstrated its own 1Gbps 5G connection, but that took some 64 antennas to make it work, and even then there has been doubt cast about the technology by publications such as Forbes, who says Samsung’s claims are nothing more than ‘hyperbole.’ That’s got to sting! At the moment we’re sure most of us would prefer to get reliable and affordable 4G services where we live, but the thought of 5G being actively worked on fills us with hope that, one day at least, we’ll all be downloading and streaming content through the magic of cellular networks. Just don’t expect it to be cheap.Source