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  1. Firefox 80: HTTPS-only Mode in Settings Mozilla added an optional HTTPS-only mode to Firefox 76 Nightly back in March 2020. The organization's engineers have now added the mode to the settings of Firefox 80 Nightly, and it is likely that users of other Firefox channel versions, e.g. Firefox Stable, will be able to configure the mode once their version of the browser is updated to Firefox 80. HTTPS-Only Mode is designed to enforce HTTPS on sites. It works similarly to HTTPS Everywhere and other HTTPS upgrade extensions for browsers in that it attempts to upgrade HTTP connections, that are not secure, to HTTPS connections, which are. The core difference between the native HTTPS-Only Mode and extensions is that Mozilla's implementation attempts to upgrade every HTTP connection to HTTPS. HTTPS Everywhere uses a list for the upgrades that rewrite connections on sites that are opened in the browser. Firefox's HTTPS-Only Mode applies the upgrade to all HTTP connections, even if an HTTPS option is not available; this may lead to loading errors that can range from sites not loading at all to content on the site becoming unavailable. Firefox informs the user if the entire site could not be loaded because it does not support HTTPS. The same is not true for elements that may not be loaded on a site, though. Up until now, Nightly users had to set the value of the preference dom.security.https_only_mode to TRUE to enable the feature in the browser. A value of FALSE, the default, disables the HTTP to HTTPS upgrade enforcement in the browser. Starting in Firefox 80, that is no longer necessary but still available. Mozilla added options to control the browser's HTTPS-Only Mode in the options. Load about:preferences#privacy in the browser's address bar and scroll all the way down to the HTTPS-Only Mode group. The feature is set to "Don't enable HTTPS-Only Mode" by default. Switch it to Enable HTTPS-Only Mode in all windows to enable it everywhere, or Switch it to Enable HTTPS-Only Mode in private windows only, to only enable it for private browsing. A restart is not required. When you enable the option, Firefox will rewrite HTTP links to HTTPS automatically. Closing Words When Mozilla launched the HTTP upgrade mode in Firefox 76, I concluded that it could be useful in some situations, e.g. when using profiles in Firefox and using one of the profiles for secure activities such as online banking. The downside to enabling the mode is that it may break functionality on some sites, and some sites entirely. Since there is no simply "turn off mode on this page" option, it is quite cumbersome to deal with the issue when it is encountered. I find it puzzling that the option is added to the browser's preferences, considering that Mozilla's stance in the past was to limit user exposure to settings that could potentially impact the accessibility of sites. I think it would be better if Mozilla would integrate HTTPS Everywhere in the browser, maybe even with an option to enforce HTTPS everywhere. The extension is already included in the Tor Browser by default. Firefox 80: HTTPS-only Mode in Settings
  2. What's in the latest Firefox upgrade? Firefox 78 starts ESR transition for enterprises The latest version of Mozilla's browser fixes 13 flaws and starts the annual process of retiring 2019's Extended Support Release and offering customers the latest enterprise-designed build. Magdalena Petrova/IDG Mozilla last week upgraded Firefox to version 78, patching a baker's dozen of security flaws and starting the annual process of retiring last year's Extended Support Release (ESR) and offering customers the latest enterprise-designed build. Company engineers patched 13 vulnerabilities, seven labeled "High," Firefox's second-most-serious label. Unlike most Firefox refreshes, version 78 did not fix any bugs marked "Critical." Firefox 78 can be downloaded for Windows, macOS and Linux from Mozilla's site. Because Firefox updates in the background, most users can simply relaunch the browser to get the latest version. To manually update on Windows, pull up the menu under the three horizontal bars at the upper right, then click the help icon (the question mark within a circle). Choose "About Firefox." (On macOS, "About Firefox" can be found under the "Firefox" menu.) The resulting page shows that the browser is either up to date or describes the refresh process. A day after Firefox 78's debut, Mozilla updated the browser again to fix "an issue which could cause installed search engines to not be visible when upgrading from a previous release." Mozilla upgrades Firefox every four weeks, a much faster tempo than Google's Chrome or Microsoft's Edge. Mozilla last upgraded the browser on June 2. More information on the privacy dashboard Some Firefox updates are more notable than others, especially now that Mozilla is on an accelerated every-four-weeks schedule. Firefox 78 is one of the less notable upgrades. Among the few visible-to-users changes are additions to the "Protections Dashboard," the new name for the consolidated display of Firefox's anti-tracking technologies' results, known data breaches affecting the user and potential password problems. The dashboard carries on the gradual improvements Mozilla's made to Firefox's Enhanced Tracking Protection, which put Firefox in the lead last year in comprehensive quashing of the ad- and site-trackers which trace users' web movements and actions. The dashboard is a convenience, a slightly improved variation on what the browser has had for several iterations. New items on it show passwords that fell victim to known breaches as well as steps the user has already taken to mitigate said breaches (which may involve changing passwords, putting two-factor authentication into effect and the like). Firefox's Protections Dashboard can be called from the menu at the far right (the three horizontal lines) or by entering about:protections in the address bar. Mozilla New to the dashboard in Firefox 78 are indicators of user-resolved breaches and the status of the browser's password management. Also with Firefox 78, Mozilla began culling OS X 10.9 (Mavericks), 10.10 (Yosemite) and 10.11 (El Capitan) from support, automatically shifting users of those outdated Mac operating systems to the Extended Support Release (ESR). ESR starts next transition Firefox ESR, which traces roots to 2012, is the release channel crafted for enterprises that cannot – or will not – upgrade workers' browsers every four weeks. Instead, approximately once a year, Mozilla issues a new ESR that then is supported until its replacement appears (plus a several-week overlap). The concept grew from concerns by large organizations over the fast release schedule Firefox adopted nearly a decade ago; IT administrators balked at testing and adopting a new release every few weeks. ESR would address that by accepting only the separate security updates Mozilla made (and distributed on the same every-four-week schedule used by its standard browser channel). New features would not be introduced to any given ESR version during its year-long run. Instead, users would "catch up" on feature and functionality changes when the next ESR was released. To give enterprises time to test and roll out the next ERS, Mozilla would use an eight-week overlap during which it would release both the previous ESR (designated "n") and its replacement ("n+1"). Enterprises have been using Firefox ESR 68 since the summer of 2019, but its end nears. The next ESR is v. 78. Mozilla will refresh both ESRs on July 28 and Aug. 25; ESRs 68.11 and 78.1 will appear on the first date, ESRs 68.12 and 78.2 on the second. The next release cycle, slated for Sept. 22, will see only ESR 78.3; ESR 68's support will come to an end that day. The following table illustrates the changeover from one ESR to the next. IDG/Gregg Keizer During an ESR transition, Mozilla issues two builds during a three-release cycle to give IT admins time to test and deploy the next static-for-a-year browser. The next Mozilla upgrade, Firefox 79, will be released July 28. What's in the latest Firefox upgrade? Firefox 78 starts ESR transition for enterprises
  3. Yet another speed dial is an simple, customizable new tab replacement extension for Firefox and Chrome Yet another speed dial! No, I'm not complaining about anything. That's the name of a speed dial extension for Firefox and Chrome. The add-on is meant to replicate Opera browser's famous feature, and it does so rather nicely. Once installed, Yet another speed dial takes over the new tab. The add-on starts with a blank page, and displays some steps to help you get started. Add speed dials The easiest way to add speed dials is to visit any web page and right-click on it and select "Add to Speed Dial" from the context menu. The extension saves a thumbnail screenshot of the page to be used for the dial. The second method is to click on the new tab button, and then on the large + button to add a new site. Paste the URL of the website to be added in the text field, and click on "Add to Speed Dial". The add-on opens a new tab to load the site to save its thumbnail. Another way to add dials is by bookmarking a page and placing it in the Other Bookmarks > Speed Dial folder. This also ensures your bookmarks are synced with your Firefox/Google account. Rearrange the position of a dial by dragging it to a different place. Right-click on a dial to open it in a new tab, new window or private window. It can also be used to delete a dial. You may edit a dial's settings including the URL and the image, the extension lets you choose between the web page thumbnail or the favicon, or you can use a custom image from your computer. Settings Right-click anywhere on a new tab, or click on the gear icon in the top right corner of the add-on's page to access its settings. Yet another speed dial lets you use your own wallpaper as the background. Prefer a solid color instead, you can customize that too. Don't like the label (title) displayed below every dial, toggle the setting. The + button (Add side) can be disabled as well. The last option on the settings page sets the dials to be vertically aligned on the screen. Hit the save button to apply the changes that you've made. Incompatibility with Firefox Containers Yet another speed dial worked well with Chrome (Microsoft Edge Chromium), but I had some trouble with the extension on Firefox. It wouldn't capture the images for the dial, or even add the dial when I used the right-click menu. The issues page on the add-on's GitHub didn't have any reports related to this. I had almost given up on the add-on thinking it was broken, and if there hadn't been a Chrome extension, I certainly would've. That's what made me curious, why it would work in one browser but not in the other. I disabled some of my other add-ons in Firefox to narrow down the issue. Eventually, I found the answer. It appears the extension is not compatible with Firefox Containers. When I tried to add a dial for a web page that is configured to load in a container, the extension would not finish capturing the images. Also, the right-click menu was non-responsive when used with contained websites. For e.g. I've set Ghacks, Reddit, Google (Gmail, Docs, etc.,) to load in their own Firefox Containers. When I tried to add these pages to the dials, only one of these worked (Google.com). Even Google's sub-domains like Gmail and YouTube couldn't be added. This wasn't the case for web pages that were loaded normally (no containers). For e.g. Yahoo, GitHub, SourceForge, etc. The extension's "Add to dial menu" and + button worked perfectly with normal pages. To put this theory to the test, all I had to do was disable the Firefox Multi-Account Containers add-on, and then try adding the web pages using Yet another speed dial. It worked. You may want to use this as a temporary workaround, but I won't recommend disabling containers permanently, because Privacy & Security > convenience anyday. Yet another speed dial is an open source extension. Download it for Chrome or Firefox. It does not sync to any cloud service, which is a good thing. There are no way to organize dials in folders, and the lack of an option to backup your dials is a bit disappointing as well, since there's no way to restore dials in case you reset Firefox (or Chrome). Landing Page: https://github.com/conceptualspace/yet-another-speed-dial Yet another speed dial is an simple, customizable new tab replacement extension for Firefox and Chrome
  4. Behave for Chrome and Firefox warns you of port scans and local attacks Behave! is a new browser extension for Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox that is designed to inform its users when sites misbehave by performing port scans or access private IP addresses. The extension may also work in other Chromium-based and Firefox-based browsers but I have not tested that. Behave! should not be confused with the Firefox extension behind!, which we reviewed yesterday. The new extension reveals when sites scan local ports or access private IPs. We revealed in May 2020 that eBay and other major sites were running port scans on user systems as soon as the browser connected to these sites. The sites checked ports used by local remote software and used for fraud detection as remote software may be used for that purpose. Users on the other hand voiced concern that the port scanning was unethical and an invasion of privacy. The browser extension Behave! monitors web pages for certain activity, and informs the user if it notices it. One of the main features of the extension is that it detects port scanning and will reveal as much immediately. The extension adds an icon to the toolbar of the browser and changes the color of the icon based on its findings. A click on the icon displays information about the activity of sites in the browser sorted by method. For IP access, Behave! lists the target IP and port, target host, and the host the request originated from. For Port scans, it lists the port, host, and the from host. For Rebinding scans, it lists the hosts, IPs and from host. Behave! detects browser based port scans, access to private IPs, and DNS rebinding attacks to private IPS. The extension comes with a basic set of preferences that let you change the portscan threshold, enable or disable the monitoring, and to enable or disable Windows notifications. The open source extension is developed by Stefano Di Paola, the co-founder and CTO of MindedSecurity. Technically speaking, Behave! "will alert if a web page tries to directly access [...] an IP belonging to any of the following blocks": Loopback addresses IPv4 127.0.0.1/8 Loopback addresses IPv6 ::1/128 Private Networks IPv4 10.0.0.0/8 - 172.16.0.0/12 - 192.168.0.0/16 Unique Local Addresses IPv6 fc00::/7 Closing Words Behave! notifies users if sites misbehave or if DNS rebinding attacks are performed. The extension comes without any options to block the site behavior. The developer plans to introduce new features in future versions of the extension. Plans are underway to integrate a whitelist in the application and an option to "track back the code performing the suspicious activity". Landing Page: https://github.com/mindedsecurity/behave Behave for Chrome and Firefox warns you of port scans and local attacks
  5. Firefox add-on behind! lets you download any image that is behind the cursor It is sometimes difficult to download certain elements from websites. Some sites use code that actively prevents the use of save options of the browser that is being used; many use Javascript for that, others try to force you to sign-up for an account before some functionality becomes available. The new Firefox add-on behind! has been designed as a workaround. It allows you to display and then download any image that is behind the cursor, even on sites that try to prevent this from happening. All you need to do is install the extension in the browser, right-click on the image that you want to display fully or download, and select the behind! option of the right-click context menu. The extension opens a new tab and loads the selected image in that tab. The extension may display multiple versions of the image on the opening page; this is the case if the site uses multiple versions, e.g. a small resolution one that it displays on the page and a larger one that it links to. You can look at the images and use built-in functionality to zoom the content or to save it. To save one of the images, right-click on the image and select the "save image as" option of the context menu to do so. The developer of the extension lists a number of cases where the extension may help users. It can reveal: Background images Images under layers of nonsense (e.g. clickable surfaces designed to hide the image from you) Embedded images / base64-encoded image chunks Alternative resolutions Vector images (even when they are inlined) Images in shadow DOM The extension has no options at the time of writing. It worked really well on all tested websites but a set of options would certainly make it more useful or flexible. An option to select the target action when selecting the behind! option comes into mind, e.g. to open the image in a foreground tab instead of a background tab, or to download all images or the smallest/largest right away. Other than that, it is a great extension for Firefox users who sometimes or often encounter sites that somehow block them from displaying or downloading images. Landing Page: https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/addon/behind/ Firefox add-on behind! lets you download any image that is behind the cursor
  6. How to enable HTTP/3 support in Firefox HTTP/3 is the next major version of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol and one of the main changes that will go along with it is that the new transport protocol QUIC will be used instead of TCP. QUIC is designed to improve the performance and security of Internet connections. Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge and Mozilla Firefox support QUIC but the feature may not be turned on by default in all clients. The latest Firefox Nightly version introduces support for HTTP/3 and QUIC, and users of the web browser may enable support for the new protocol in Firefox to take advantage of it. Firefox Nightly is a development version of the browser. Mozilla may still work on some of the features that become available in the browser and it may take some time before features land in stable versions of the Firefox web browser. Here is what needs to be done to enable support for HTTP/3 in the Firefox web browser: Make sure you run the latest Firefox Nightly version, e.g. by selecting Menu > Help > About Nightly. I tested this in Firefox Nightly 80.0a1 from June 30, 2020. Type about:config in the browser's address bar and hit Enter to load the page. Confirm that you will be careful if a warning is displayed. Search for the preference network.http.http3.enabled. Set it to TRUE to enable support for HTTP/3 Set it to FALSE to disable support for HTTP/3 You may want to test the feature once it has been enabled. Note that it is not necessary to restart the browser after making the change. You may test HTTP/3 in Firefox in the following way: Load https://cloudflare-quic.com/ in the web browser's address bar. Tap on the F12 key to open the Developer Tools and switch to the Network tab. Alternatively, select Menu > Web Developer > Network. Right-click on any column header and select "Protocol" from the menu to add a column for the protocol. Reload the website. You should notice that HTTP/3 is used for many of the connections to the page. Support for HTTP/3 will be enabled by default eventually in Firefox and other browsers. For now, it is necessary to enable it manually in Firefox. How to enable HTTP/3 support in Firefox
  7. Here is what is new and changed in Firefox 78.0 Firefox 78.0 is the latest stable version of the Firefox web browser. It was first offered on June 30, 2020 and is the second major release of the browser in June 2020. The new version is offered via in-browser upgrades and as a direct download from the Mozilla website. Firefox 78 is the first release of the new Firefox ESR, Extended Support Release, version and as such introduces major changes to systems that are upgraded from the previous 68.x ESR version. All Firefox channels are updated around the same time. Firefox Beta and Developer will get bumped to version 79.0, Firefox Nightly to version 80.0, and Firefox ESR to version 78.0 just like Firefox Stable. The Android version of Firefox will also be upgraded to 78.0 as it follows the ESR release schedule until the migration to the new Android browser completes. The next stable version of the Firefox web browser will be released on July 28, 2020. Executive Summary Firefox ESR is now available in a new major version (78.0). WebRender rollout continues. TLS 1.0 and 1.1 are now disabled. Firefox 78 is the last major release that supports Mac OS 10.9, 10.10, and 10.11. Users will be supported through the Firefox 78.x lifecycle. Firefox 78.0 download and update The rollout of the new Firefox versions starts on June 30, 2020. Firefox installations will pick up the new version automatically if automatic updating has not been disabled in the browser. Firefox users may select Menu > Help > About Firefox to run a manual check for updates. Note that the release may not be offered right away as it may not be released yet if you try to upgrade to early on June 30, 2020. The following pages list direct downloads for supported Firefox channels (will be available later on June 30, 2020) Firefox Stable download Firefox Beta download Nightly download Firefox ESR download Firefox 78.0 Changes Support for TLS 1.0 and 1.1 is dropped. DHE cipher suites are no longer supported. New major Firefox ESR version. TLS 1.0 and 1.1 changes, and DHE cipher suites Mozilla's initial plan was to drop support for the outdated security protocols TLS 1.0 and 1.1 in Firefox 74.0. The organization re-enabled the protocols because of the Coronavirus pandemic and Google, and has now disabled the protocols again in Firefox 78.0. All major browser makes pledged to remove support for the protocols from their browsers to push the adoption of TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.3 which offer better security and performance. The protocols have not been removed in Firefox 78.0. It is still possible to restore these by doing the following: Type about:config in the web browser's address bar. Confirm that you will be careful if the warning is displayed. Search for security.tls.version.min. Set the value to 1 instead of 3 (default). 1 means that protocols TLS 1.0 and newer are supported. 2 means that protocols TLS 1.1 and newer are supported. 3 means that protocols TLS 1.2 and newer are supported. Note that Mozilla will remove support for TLS 1.0 and 1.1 eventually so that it will no longer be possible to restore support. Tip: use the add-on IndicateTLS to show the TLS version of sites in Firefox's address bar. Firefox 79.0 removes support for the following DEH cipher suites as well. These are considered weak according to Mozilla: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA To mitigate compatibility issues, Mozilla enabled two AES-GCM SHA2-based ciphersuites. New major Firefox ESR version Firefox ESR 79.0 is the new major Extended Support Release version. The ESR version bumps introduces lots of new features to the ESR channel as these get security and bug fix updates only for the most part during minor version upgrades You can check out our reviews of the last eight or so Firefox Stable releases for a rundown on the changes, or check out some of the highlights here: Service Worker and Push APIs enabled. Picture-in-Picture support. Option to manage certificates on about:certificate. Support for Kiosk mode and client certificates. Support for client certificates stored can be enabled by setting the preference security.osclientcerts.autoload to true. New Enterprise policies to manage some of the new features. Block Autoplay is enabled. Always activate Flash no longer available. Flash cannot be put in the Firefox application directory anymore. Firefox does not load userChrome.css and userContent.css by default. Administrators need to set the preference toolkit.legacyUserProfileCustomizations.stylesheets to true to enable support. Check out this Firefox 78.0 ESR guide on the Mozilla website for additional changes. Other changes Option to view blocked resources in the Firefox Developer Tools, e.g. by content blocker extensions. Firefox may be set as the default PDF viewer on Windows. Options to close multiple tabs have been moved to a submenu. Restoring of multiple tabs improved as well. Users from the UK get Pocket Recommendations on the New Tab Page. Minimum system requirements on Linux are now GNU libc 2.17, libstdc++ 4.8.1 and GTK+ 3.14 or newer versions. Accessibility improvements for screen reader users. Also, number of animations was reduced. WebRTC calls will no longer be interrupted by the screen saver. Mozilla added a Refresh button to the Firefox Uninstaller as many users who use the uninstaller do so to re-install the browser. The new Protections Dashboard, which you can access via about:protections in the browser's address bar, lets you track the number of data breaches that you resolved, and displays if saved passwords may have been exposed in data breaches. Firefox for Android Mozilla lists "various stability and security fixes" without providing details. Developer Changes RegExp engine update introduces support for all new features of ECMAScript 2018. Firefox ESR 78 is the first version that supports Service Workers and Push API. WebAssembly improvements. Known Issues none listed. Security updates / fixes Security updates are revealed after the official release of the web browser. You find the information published here. Additional information / sources Firefox 78 release notes Add-on compatibility for Firefox 78 Firefox 78 for Developers Site compatibility for Firefox 78 Firefox Security Advisories Firefox Release Schedule Here is what is new and changed in Firefox 78.0 [Frontpaged here.., https://www.nsanedown.com/?request=230571 ]
  8. Visual Tabs is a Firefox extension that places a scrollable list of tabs in a sidebar I always have a couple of dozen tabs or more in Firefox. If you do the same, you can perhaps relate to how difficult it can be to scroll through them to find a tab. There are various extensions that help you deal with this problem. Visual Tabs is a Firefox add-on that places a scrollable list of tabs in a sidebar. It reminds me of TreeStyleTabs, but it is simpler to use. A side-bar appears on the left side of the screen after you install the extension. This is the interface of Visual Tabs. The extension displays the favicon and the page's title for each tab. But on some websites such as Ghacks, Firefox AMO, GitHub, YouTube, etc., it also displays a partial preview of the web page. The Visual Tabs list is scrollable, you can use the mouse wheel or the scroll-bar. That's quite easier to navigate than using the tab bar, and the title and the tab preview are features that make the add-on special. Mouse over a tab to view an animation that displays a slightly larger preview. The extension displays tabs from the current window. Every tab on the sidebar has an X, aka the close button. You can right-click on a tab to bring up Firefox's tab menu to close, move, undo closed tab, etc. Click on the + button at the bottom of the sidebar to open a new tab. You can resize the side panel by dragging it to the left. Speaking of which, drag a tab over another to rearrange it. The Visual tabs sidebar can be hidden by clicking on its toolbar icon. To make it reappear when you need it, click on the button again. If you observe the sidebar closely, you'll notice there are some icons near the bottom of the panel. This is the extension's menu. The first menu button is to open a new container tab. Yes, Visual Tabs supports Firefox container tabs, i.e., it also displays the color of the container on the edge, just like the tab bar does (under the tab). That's a nice touch. The second option in the menu is a shortcut for the add-on's Options page. We'll get back to this in a bit. Clicking the third icon cycles between the four preview modes that are available in Visual Tabs. These are None, Minimal, Compact and Full. None is basically a preview-less mode which displays the icon and the title of the tab. The default view is "Compact" (explained earlier), Minimal displays the favicon and the tab's title, the preview appears when you mouse over it. The Full view displays a larger preview of the page. There is one more preview mode, default. The fourth button collapses the menu. The sidebar has one more menu, which can be accessed by clicking on the words "Visual Tabs" at the top of the panel. Use it to switch the sidebar to the right side of the screen, or to access your bookmarks, history, etc. Visual Tabs options You can change the background theme of the add-on to Default, Light or Dark. The add-on's options let you toggle the scrollbar, change the new tab behavior, default preview mode, etc. The extension is an open source project. Visual Tabs is very useful and simple to use. Landing Page: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/visualtab/ Visual Tabs is a Firefox extension that places a scrollable list of tabs in a sidebar
  9. How to Get Safari's New Privacy Features in Chrome and Firefox Apple's browser is getting serious about security protections. If you can't or won't switch, don't worry: You don't have to fall behind. You don't have to wait for macOS Big Sur to drop to get a lot of these upcoming features though—both Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome have similar features.Photograph: Apple Apple just unveiled a raft of changes coming with the new macOS Big Sur later this year. Along with the visual redesign, the introduction of Control Center, and upgrades to Messages, the built-in Safari browser is getting new-and-improved privacy features to keep your data locked away. You don't have to wait for macOS Big Sur to drop to get a lot of these upcoming features though—both Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome have similar features, or they can with the help of a third-party extension. Here's how you can get Firefox or Chrome up to par with Safari in macOS Big Sur today. The Changes Coming to Safari When macOS Big Sur arrives, Safari is going to look somewhat different. Courtesy of Apple Privacy and data protection are already big priorities for Safari, but the version coming with macOS Big Sur is going to go even further to protect you from being tracked on the web. Some of the existing features are becoming more visible, while Safari is also embracing more extensions, with as much care for user safety as possible. The browser already warns you against using passwords that are easily guessed or that you've used before (assuming they're saved in Safari's password locker), but the next version will also warn you if your email address, username, or password have been exposed in a data breach online—which would mean the need to take action and change your password would be even more urgent. A new Privacy Report button is getting added to the toolbar—you can click on this to see exactly which trackers Safari is blocking in its ongoing attempts to stop advertisers and companies from following you around the web. Safari is particularly good at stopping "fingerprinting," where various characteristics of your device (like screen resolution and operating system) are used to figure out who you are. This same Privacy Report is going to be displayed on your browser start page, which should give you a better idea of which sites are most aggressively trying to track you, as well as showing off the work that Safari is busy doing in the background. Safari in macOS Big Sur is also boosting support for extensions. (Safari already has extensions, but there aren't many of them.) New developer tools will make it easier for add-ons to be ported from Chrome and Firefox, and Safari is going to give users a suite of controls to limit the browsing data and other information that extensions are able to get access to. Adding Features to Chrome uBlock Origin is one Chrome extension that can block trackers. Screenshot: David Nield via Google Google already checks the passwords that it saves for you against a database of leaked credentials (besides warning about duplicates and passwords that could be easily guessed)—this is actually a Google account feature as well as a Chrome one. From the Chrome Settings panel, click Passwords then Check passwords to run an audit. You can already get some tracking data about a site by clicking the icon to the left of a URL in the address bar in Chrome (the icon will be either a padlock or an info bubble). To get even more tracking data, and to selectively block it, Safari-style, you can use an extension like uBlock Origin: One click shows you how many trackers are active on a page and which have been stopped by uBlock Origin. As well as stopping tracking across multiple sites, uBlock Origin also suppresses aggressive ads and protects against sites embedded with malware. A similar tool for Chrome that you can try is Disconnect—again, a single click blocks out tracking technologies, unwanted advertising, and social plug-ins (used by the likes of Facebook to see what you're up to when you're out and about across the web). Individual trackers and sites as a whole can be granted permission to operate outside of the restrictions put in place by uBlock Origin and Disconnect, which can be used for sites with responsible advertising that you want to support. As an added bonus, all of this tracking and blocking should mean a faster browsing experience too. Policing extension permissions isn't quite as easy in Chrome as it sounds like it will be in the next Safari upgrade, but you do have options: Choose More Tools then Extensions from the Chrome menu, then click Details next to any extension. The next page shows you the permissions the add-on has and lets you set when and how the utility can read your browsing data—on all sites (everywhere you go, without question), on specific sites (only on sites you specifically list), or on click (so you'll be asked for permission whenever access is required). Adding Features to Firefox Firefox comes with a host of privacy protections built in. Screenshot: David Nield via Firefox Firefox already packs plenty of user privacy and anti-tracking technology into its interface, so you don't need to do too much in the way of tweaking to get it up to par with the improvements that Apple just announced for Safari. It blocks more than 2,000 web trackers by default, for example, and warns you if your details are included in a data breach as part of its Firefox Monitor and Firefox Lockwise tools. Click the little purple shield icon to the left of the address bar on any site to see what Firefox has blocked, including advertising trackers, social media plug-ins, attempts to fingerprint your device, and more. Firefox will intelligently allow some plug-ins to run if blocking them would seriously compromise the functionality of the site—it's then your choice to continue using the site or find an alternative. To open a report on how these various measures are working over time, open the main Firefox menu and choose Privacy Protections. If you open up Preferences then Privacy & Security from the Firefox menu, you can choose how these measures (called Enhanced Tracking Protection) are applied. Three different modes of operation are available—Standard, Strict, and Custom—and it's possible to tailor the level of blocking for specific sites too. Enhanced Tracking Protection can be turned off for sites that you particularly trust, as well. It's fantastic having all of these features built right into Firefox, and it may be where Apple got some of its inspiration from for Safari, but plenty of third-party extensions are also available if you want to go even further. uBlock Origin and Disconnect are both available for Firefox as well as Chrome, for example, and both work in the same way: With one click on the browser toolbar you can see which adverts and trackers are being blocked. To keep watch over which extensions are allowed to what in Firefox, choose Add-ons then Extensions from the program menu. Click the three dots next to any extension to see the data and browser features that it has access to—for the time being you can't change this, though you can block add-ons from running in private browser windows. If an extension is using a permission that you're not happy with, you'll have to uninstall it. How to Get Safari's New Privacy Features in Chrome and Firefox
  10. Here is why the user count dropped for nearly all Firefox add-ons If you have been to Mozilla AMO recently, the main and official repository for Firefox add-ons and themes, you may have noticed that the "users" count of extensions that you checked out there has dropped. Take the popular content blocker uBlock Origin for example. The extension's current count is 3.94 million users according to Mozilla AMO; some days ago, the count was 5.5 million users. Mozilla published a blog post on the official Mozilla Add-ons blog that highlights why there is a drop across the board on Mozilla AMO in regards to the number of users. Mozilla employee Jorge Villalobos reveals there that Mozilla revamped the statistics that it makes available to add-on developers. The old system used stats aggregated from add-on update logs. Firefox checks Mozilla AMO daily for updates for installed extensions that are hosted on the site. The aggregated data was provided to developers and some of the information could also be accessed publicly; developers would get general information about users such as adoption or demographics. He notes that the system was "costly to run" and that data glitches happened from time to time. The new system drops the use of the daily add-on update check and rely on Telemetry data instead. The data is aggregated and no personally identifiable user data is shared with developers just like before according to Mozilla. The drop in users is caused by the switch to the new system. It appears that, in the case of uBlock Origin, about 1.6 million users of the add-on have Telemetry data disabled in Firefox. Privacy, security and advanced extensions will likely see a larger drop in users than other extensions as users of these type of extensions are more likely to turn off Telemetry. One of the benefits of using Telemetry data is that data can be shown for add-ons that are not listed on AMO. Developers will get access to all add-on usage stats regardless of where the add-on is hosted or how it is distributed. Mozilla plans to add usage by country as well in the future. Two features that were available previously are not available anymore, however. Developers won't see a breakdown of usage by add-on status anymore, and the ability to display the statistics dashboard publicly is no longer available. Villalobos notes that while the numbers are "generally" lower, they do "track very well with the update numbers in terms of change through time and how languages, platforms, versions, etc., compare with one another". Here is why the user count dropped for nearly all Firefox add-ons
  11. Firefox 79 makes some links more secure Mozilla plans to introduce a change in an upcoming version of Firefox Stable that makes the handling of links more secure. The organization introduced an option in Firefox Nightly back in November 2018 that set the link attribute rel="noopener" if target="_blank" is set. The target="_blank" directive orders the web browser to open the target of the link in a new browser tab; otherwise, the link will be opened in the same tab. The problem with target="_blank" is that the resource of the link gets full control over the originating window object even if it is a different site. You can check out this -- harmless -- demo of how the linked resource may manipulate content on the originating page. Basically, it allows the target site to change content on the originating site, e.g. to use it for phishing or to change information on the originating page. A user who switches back to the originating tab might not notice the manipulation. Advertisers may abuse the functionality as well, e.g. to display advertisement on the linking site. Webmasters may set rel="noopener" for links to protect users and their sites against any form of manipulation. We set the attribute for all links automatically here on Ghacks, but many sites don't. Mozilla plans to set rel="noopener" for all links that use target="_blank" from Firefox 79 onward. It is interesting to note that setting rel="noopener" may also improve performance. Webmasters who want to retain the classic behavior need to set "rel="opener" manually to ensure that the functionality remains active. Mozilla plans to release Firefox 79 on July 28, 2020 according to the Firefox release schedule. It is unclear why it took so long to get implemented in Firefox Stable. Apple has introduced the same functionality in the company's Safari browser in March 2019, and Google plans to introduce it in Chrome as well in the future. Firefox users and other browser users can also install browser extensions such as Don't Touch My Tabs to set rel="noopener" automatically. Firefox 79 makes some links more secure
  12. Mozilla takes first step in pulling Firefox plug on macOS Mavericks, Yosemite and El Capitan Beginning next week, Mozilla plans to automatically move users running older versions of macOS to the Firefox Extended Support Release, a version of the browser that provides security updates only. Magdalena Petrova/IDG Mozilla this week announced it would automatically move users running outdated versions of macOS to the Firefox Extended Support Release (ESR), an edition that provides security updates only. The move, a first step towards dropping all support, will take place June 30, when Mozilla releases Firefox 78. On that date, users of Firefox still running OS X 10.9 (Mavericks), 10.10 (Yosemite) and 10.11 (El Capitan) on their Macs will instead be shunted to the extended channel and given 78.0 ESR. While that and Firefox 78 will be identical, when the latter shifts to version 79 four weeks later, ERS will remain at 78, increased to 78.1 to mark its first security update. Firefox ESR and its limited feature changes were designed for enterprises that valued stability over sexy new functionality. Mozilla has used it before to wind down support for aged operating systems; three years ago, it pushed users who relied on Windows XP or Windows Vista onto Firefox 52 ESR. For the next year, Mozilla will deliver security updates to Firefox 78 ERS running on Mavericks, Yosemite and El Capitan. In July 2021, those patches will stop and anyone stuck on one of those versions of OS X will be taking risks if they're browsing with Firefox. Apple abandoned those flavors of OS X some time ago. The last security update for El Capitan, the youngest of the three, was in July 2018. By tradition, Apple supports only the three latest versions with security updates. Currently, the trio in support are Catalina (10.15), Mojave (10.14) and High Sierra (10.13) from 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Other browsers continue to work on some older Apple operating systems. Although Google shut down Chrome running on Mavericks in 2018, the browser remains supported on Macs running Yosemite and El Capitan. More information about Mozilla moving some Mac users to the ESR build can be found online. Mozilla takes first step in pulling Firefox plug on macOS Mavericks, Yosemite and El Capitan
  13. Firefox Nightly got a new secret Experiments Settings page The latest version of Firefox Nightly got a new secret Experiments Settings page that users of the browser may activate to control some features that Mozilla is working on currently. Firefox Nightly is the cutting edge development version of the Firefox web browser; it gets features first but it considered the least stable version of Firefox because of all the development that is happening under the hood. Other Firefox channels, Beta and Developer, and even more Stable and ESR, are more stable. Mozilla may add features to Firefox Nightly that are disabled by default or only temporarily enabled. Sometimes, it is possible to enable these features on the advanced preferences page about:config to test them right away. The new experimental page of the Firefox web browser brings some of these features to the browser's options page. The page is disabled by default and you need to change a preference first to enable it. Here is how that is done: Make sure you run at least Firefox Nightly 79 (check Menu > Help > About Nightly). Open the about:config page in the Firefox address bar. Search for the preference browser.preferences.experimental. Set the preference to True to enable the experimental page in Firefox's options. To disable it again, set the preference to False. A restart is not required. All it takes then is to load about:preferences#experimental in the browser's address bar to access the Nightly Experiments page directly, or to select Menu > Options > Nightly Experiments instead. Firefox Nightly lists three experiments on the page. A warning has been added to the page that changing these settings may "impact Nightly performance or security". The following experiments are listed on the page currently: Support for AVIF -- Adds experimental support for the image file format AVIF: AV1 to Firefox. CSS Masonry Layout -- Adds experimental support for CSS Masonry Layout. WebGPU -- Enables the experimental API. You may wonder about the purpose of the new page in Firefox's settings as you may switch the experimental features on or off on about:config as well. While that is the case, adding the option to the preferences may improve the discoverability of the new features provided that the settings page itself has been enabled. Firefox Nightly got a new secret Experiments Settings page
  14. Drop Feeds is an RSS reader extension for Firefox RSS Feeds are a simple way to keep yourself updated of the latest articles from your favorite sites. Some prefer desktop programs like QuiteRSS, while others prefer a web-based service. A good browser extension can offer the best of both worlds, that's what Drop Feeds does. The extension supports RSS and Atom feeds. Once you have installed the extension, click on its button on the toolbar. Drop Feeds has a three-pane sidebar, and a reader pane taking up the rest of the space. Adding Feeds So, how do you subscribe to feeds? Visit any website that has an RSS feed. Click on the Drop Feeds button. There are three ways to add feeds: the first method is to click on the Discover Feeds button (magnifying glass icon) on the sidebar, it lists all available feeds, including comment feeds. Select the one you want to subscribe to, the extension loads a preview of the feed in a pop-up window. Click on add feed to subscribe to it. The second method is quite similar, after clicking the Drop Feeds button, you should notice an RSS icon in the address bar. Click on it to view the feeds detected by the extension, pick one and subscribe to it. For some reason, only the 2nd method worked with our blog's feed. The way this works kind of reminds me of the Want My RSS extension, but Drop Feeds comes with its own reader, so that's a nice bonus. If you'd rather use a URL for adding a feed, click on the "Options" button in the top pane (last icon on the toolbar), and select "Subscribe by URL". Paste the RSS Feed link in the box and select subscribe. Now that you've subscribed to a feed, it should appear in the top pane of the sidebar. A bold feed name indicates that it contains unread articles. Click on a feed and the add-on opens it a new tab to load the latest articles, in the large pane to the right. This is a proper RSS reader, complete with images and clickable links. You can close the Drop Feeds sidebar to read the current feed in the browser. Selecting a different feed loads it in a new tab. The middle pane in the sidebar lists all available articles from the current feed, and bold titles indicate unread articles. When you click on an article, a text-only version of it is loaded in the third pane. While it's useful for previewing a post, it's not very reader-friendly. Managing Feeds The first icon on the top pane's toolbar refreshes all feeds. The second, as we saw earlier, discovers feeds from the current web page. View updated feeds using the 3rd button. Subscribe or filter the feeds with the fourth and fifth icons. Right-click on a feed to manage it. You can use this context menu to create different folders, mark a feed as read/unread, delete it. The info option lets you rename the feed or change its address. Similarly, the article list (the second pane) has options to mark posts as read, unread, it also allows you to open unread articles in new tabs and hide the ones you've read. Drop Feeds Options The extension's options page has quite a few settings that you can toggle. Drop Feeds stores your feeds in its own bookmarks folder which you can customize. Define the update checker settings, new tab behaviour (for opening feeds), switch to various themes including a dark theme. If you're coming from a feedreader service or application, you can export the OPML (list of subscribed feeds) and import it to Drop Feeds. The extension has an option for exporting its own OPML file. Advanced users may set up security filters to prevent HTML and CSS elements from loading in feeds. The add-on comes with a script manager which you can use to add custom scripts for the feeds. The add-on is open source. According to the extension's page, Drop Feeds was inspired by the legacy add-ons, Sage feed reader and Sage++. Drop Feeds is an RSS reader extension for Firefox
  15. Initial price of Firefox Private Network browser extension service announced Mozilla unveiled Firefox Private Network back in September 2019 when it revived the Firefox Test Pilot program. The new program would focus on privacy products and one of the first things to come out of it was Firefox Private Network, a browser extension that tunneled traffic through a proxy. In October 2019, Mozilla announced the upcoming launch of a companion VPN product that would move the protection from the browser level to the system level. The launch changed the unlimited nature of the Firefox Private Network browser extensions to a time-limited free service. The product was launched in December to users from the United States for an introductory price of $4.99 per month. Mozilla announced the next steps for the organization's Firefox Private Network extension beta yesterday on the official blog of the organization. The organization plans to transition from the free beta of Firefox Private Network browser extension to a paid subscription beta. The initial price has been set to $2.99 per month and it is good for up to three browser instances of the Firefox web browser and does not limit traffic or the access time (in other words, it is unlimited). Just like the initial version and the VPN, it is only available to users who reside in the United States initially. Mozilla promises that it will expand the beta service to other regions in the future but has not published a timeline or revealed an initial list of regions or countries. Mozilla provides some insight into the decision making process. Firefox Private Network browser extension was launched with unlimited access initially but Mozilla switched that to a time-limited offering in December when it launched the VPN offering. It learned that the unlimited offering was "more appealing" to users because of its set and forget nature; time-limited users seemed to forget to turn the proxy on or off regularly which impacted privacy. What we learned very quickly was that the appeal of the proxy came most of all from the simplicity of the unlimited offering. Users of the unlimited version appreciated having set and forget privacy, while users of the limited version often didn’t remember to turn on the extension at opportune moments. Time-limited users would use the proxy less and further research showed that they "often stopped using the proxy after only a few hours". The introductory price was set after Mozilla conducted a "number of surveys". The organization wants to find out whether users will pay for a browser-based privacy tool. It wants to run a series of "small marketing tests" over the summer to find out about that and determine the interest in "the Firefox Private Network browser extension as both a standalone subscription product and as well as part of a larger privacy and security bundle for Firefox". New users (from the supported region) and time-limited users will get a chance to join the subscription first. Unlimited users will be asked to migrate to the paid offering as well (which in turn seems to indicate that the free unlimited ride will be over at that point). Closing Words It will be interesting to see if users are willed to pay $2.99 per month for a browser proxy. Considering that good VPN services are available for less sometimes, it is probably going to be a hard sell to users who know about these offers. The main appeal is probably that it is integrated into Firefox directly and that it is a set and forget affair because of that. Some users may also trust Mozilla more than VPN companies, and users who don't know about cheaper offers may also find the offer appealing. Initial price of Firefox Private Network browser extension service announced
  16. Restoring multiple closed tabs will get easier in Firefox 78 Mozilla plans to improve the process of restoring or reopening multiple closed tabs in the web browser in Firefox 78. Firefox users may restore closed tabs either with the keyboard shortcut Ctrl-Shift-T or by right-clicking on the tab bar and selecting the "undo close tab" option. Another option that is available is to open the browsing history to open sites from there again. Most Firefox users may be fine with the functionality provided, but those who use the browser's options to close multiple tabs, either on purpose or by accident, may have run into usability issues in regards to restoring these tabs again. Selecting restore did not restore the last close action regarding tabs, but only the last tab that was closed. If you closed twenty or more tabs by accident, only the last tab will be reopened in Firefox 77 and prior versions of the web browser. Some users helped themselves by hitting Ctrl-Shift-T multiple times, others opened the Browsing History to locate sites that they needed to reopen. Starting in Firefox 78, "Undo Close Tabs" will be an option in Firefox's right-click tab context menu if multiple tabs were closed prior to opening the menu. The browser displays "Undo Close Tab" instead if only one tab has been closed before opening the context menu. Firefox will restore all closed tabs when Undo Close Tabs is selected regardless of number. Basically, what it means is that Firefox users may reopen as many tabs as have been closed in the last tab closing operation. The loading may put some strain on the browser for a period of time as Firefox will load all these sites when the tab restoration option is selected. Mozilla plans to move the options to close multiple tabs at once, e.g. close tabs to the right, to a submenu in Firefox 78. The organization's justification is that it wants to make sure that users don't hit these options by accident. Firefox 78 will be released on June 30, 2020 according to the release schedule. Closing Words It makes a lot of sense to link the "undo close tab" option to the last tab closing operation. While it may be less likely that users are hitting the multi-close options in the tab context menu by accident in Firefox 78, users who use these regularly may find the improved undo options useful. Restoring multiple closed tabs will get easier in Firefox 78
  17. How to display "most visited pages" in Firefox's address bar Mozilla released Firefox 77 last week and with it came another change of functionality affecting the web browser's address bar. When you activate the address bar, e.g. by clicking on it, you used to get the list of most visited pages displayed to you; this changed with the release of Firefox 77 as Firefox displays the top sites now. Top sites are identical to the sites on the browser's New Tab page. While you may change top sites, e.g. by adding your favorite sites to the listing on the New Tab page, it is at its core a static list that does not change automatically. What arguments do users make that dislike the change? Most changes made to a browser's user interface or functionality are controversial in nature. Firefox's recent address bar change is a prime example for that, and this one may be as well. The list is a duplicate of the browser's top sites. The list of most visited sites was more useful as it was dynamic and listed the most popular sites all the time automatically. The most visited sites listing could display multiple entries from a single resource. Is there an option to restore Most Visited Sites in Firefox's Address Bar? Firefox 77 comes without options to undo the change. There is no option or advanced configuration preference to restore the old functionality in the address bar. While that is the case, there is still an option to bring back the listing but it requires manual action. Hit the Space-key on the keyboard after activating the address bar. You will notice that Firefox changes the list of suggestions from "top sites" to "most visited". Hit the ^-key instead and you get a similar listing; this one uses a slightly different algorithm to compute the list of sites. Firefox users may also access the "most visited" bookmarks link in the bookmarks bar to access the list of most visited sites directly in the browser. Closing Words As a user, I would like to see an option implemented in the browser that gives users a choice when it comes to what is displayed when the address bar is activated. It should not be too difficult to implement that option and Mozilla would ensure that users who dislike the change have an option to restore the classic behavior. How to display "most visited pages" in Firefox's address bar
  18. Add a ton of keyboard shortcuts to Firefox and Chrome with Surfingkeys Do you use keyboard shortcuts while browsing? F5, Ctrl + T, Ctrl + Enter, Backspace are some of the common ones that most users use. If you're a power user, and wanted more shortcuts, that's exactly what Surfingkeys adds to Firefox and Chrome. Install the add-on and use the shift and ? keys to view a help page that lists all available keyboard shortcuts. Press Escape to dismiss the help page. Try some of those shortcuts. For example, you can press e to scroll up half of the page, or d to scroll down. Surfingkeys uses keyboard combinations that require pressing 2 or 3 keys. Tap on the y key and quickly hit t. This will open a duplicate tab, i.e, a copy of the current tab. There are three-key shortcuts too. For instance, pressing s, q and l displays the last action that was performed. The last thing we did was open a duplicate tab, so the box that pops-up will display "yt". The extension also makes use of the Alt, Ctrl and Shift keys. Some shortcuts will require you to hold down one of these three keys, followed by other keys. Case matters too. Try the capital E shortcut, by holding Shift down and tapping e once. This switches to the tab on the left, as opposed to the small e which is used to scroll up. Speaking of which, use the j and k keys for smooth scrolling down pages. Let's try one more special combination, this time trigger the yT hotkey (that's a small y and a capital T). You know what to do, tap y, then hold shift and press T. This shortcut loads a duplicate tab (just like the other yt combo), but as a background tab, in other words, without switching to it. Experiment with the other shortcuts, there are plenty of options that can perform various actions like switching tabs, page navigation, mouse click, scroll page, search using selected text, clipboard (capture pages, links, text) etc, add a bookmark. Unsure where the links are on a web page? Tap the f key and Surfingkeys will place visual indicators wherever a link is available. All keyboard shortcuts in Surfingkeys are customizable from the add-on's options page. Search Select some text and press sg, this will use the text to search in Google. Similarly, you can hit sd for searching with duckduckgo, sb for baidu, sw for bing, ss for stackoverflow, sh for github, sy for youtube. Capture Screenshot Tap yg to take a screenshot of the visible part of the page you're on. The add-on will display a pop-up preview of the captured content. The screenshot is NOT saved to the clipboard. So, you'll need to right-click on the pop-up and select save image as, or copy image (to the clipboard). Note: If it doesn't seem to work, make sure you haven't selected any text on the page. That's because the extension has a different set of actions for "selected text" and will not respond to other commands until you deselect the content. Surfingkeys supports scrolling screenshots. You can take a screenshot of an entire web page. To do this use yG. Similarly, yS captures a screenshot till the scrolling target. But it didn't work for me, and kept scrolling to the end of the page. Omnibar Surfingkeys displays a pop-up bar when you press some keys. Press t to search and open URLs from the bookmarks or the history. b does the same thing but only displays your bookmarks. For e.g. I tap t and then type "ghacks" and it displays some results from my history. The search is done in real-time, it takes a couple of seconds the first time it searches, but the speed improves with subsequent searches. Session Management Hit ZZ to save all your tabs and quit the browser. The session is saved as "Last". ZR will restore the saved session. This option does work in both Firefox and Chrome, and with multiple windows. WARNING: Use this with caution. If your browser already saved the session, and you chose to restore it with Surfingkeys, the extension loads another copy of the saved tabs. So, if you had 100 tabs saved, restoring it will add an extra 100 tabs. I had to use "close tabs to the right" to quit the duplicate tabs. Visual Mode Tap v to enter visual mode. You'll see a bunch of letters appear on the screen. These are shortcuts to place the cursor at that location of the chosen letters. For e.g. If I type GR, Surfingkeys will place the cursor at the location where the letters "GR" were. The cursor will also appear thicker, that's because the extension has entered the Caret mode. A small banner appears on the screen to indicate the status. In Caret mode, the cursor is ready to be moved to a location of your choice. After placing the cursor where you want it to, tap v again. The banner changes from Caret to Range. Remember: Caret = move cursor, Range = Select mode. This is similar to Vim's visual mode. So you can use the hjkl keys to move the cursor (right/left/up/down), and it begins to select the text accordingly. Now that you have some text selected, you can perform some actions. t will translate it, sg will use the text to perform a search in Google, and so on. Surfingkeys has many more advanced features including vim-like marks, Vim Editor, PDF Viewer. I recommend reading the GitHub page, the list of features is massive and the official page is very informative. Surfingkeys is an open source extension. Download it for Chrome and Firefox. Landing Page: https://github.com/brookhong/Surfingkeys Add a ton of keyboard shortcuts to Firefox and Chrome with Surfingkeys
  19. Firefox 78: Close Multiple Tabs options moved to submenu Mozilla plans to make a change to the tab right-click menu in the Firefox web browser that moves options to close multiple tabs to a submenu. You get a number of options when you right-click on a tab in Firefox; these range from reloading and muting the tab to bookmarking it or closing it. Up until now, options to "close tabs to the right" and "close other tabs" were listed alongside these options. The options to close multiple tabs in Firefox will be moved to the "Close Multiple Tabs" submenu from Firefox 78 onward. Firefox users who use the options need to move the mouse cursor over the new entry before they may select one of the listed options. Note: The change landed in Nightly and should be considered not final at this point. It is possible that things will be changed further or that changes are reverted. Mozilla's motivation behind the change is that it noticed that users were activating the options by accident, and that moving the items to the submenu would make it less likely that users were hitting these close actions by accident. These were moved to a submenu because people were accidentally clicking them when trying to do non-destructive operations. Veteran Firefox users may remember that Mozilla tried to make the change about two years ago but decided against it before it landed in the Stable version of the web browser. Back then, the reasoning was that Mozilla wanted to avoid increasing the number of entries in context menu when it added new options to the context menu. The change was made to introduce new actions into the context menu (i.e move tab) while not increasing the number of menu items in the context menu by moving less utilized actions into a sub menu. This is part of a larger series of changes to reorganize and update the context menu to accommodate multi-select tabs. Unfortunately, there will be trade-offs but the hope is that these new functions would be beneficial to the user. The bug listing does not reveal why the change was not made back then and why it was reverted. Closing Words I never use the options that Mozilla plans to move to a submenu but some users are not pleased about the change. If you are one of them you may want to head over to Techdows as you find listed there a CSS script that restores the old context menu. Changes like the planned one will always annoy some users but the number of users affected by the change is unknown. Mozilla may have the numbers and also may have an estimate on the number of users hitting the close multiple tabs options by accident. The better option, generally speaking, is to keep the old functionality as an option. Mozilla could have made it a setting, or could introduce menu editing options so that users who use these closing options could re-add them. Extensions like Menu Editor or Menu Filter are unfortunately no longer compatible with recent versions of Firefox. It allowed you to change the menu to your liking by adding or removing options. Firefox 78: Close Multiple Tabs options moved to submenu
  20. Save your Firefox tabs in a single-click with Tab Stash Managing an open browser session is no easy task. The more tabs you have, the more cluttered it gets, and if you use multiple browser windows, you may realize quickly that most browsers are not well equipped for that out of the box. Extensions that improve tab management are a solution. When you install Tab Stash, you'll see a new icon on the toolbar. DO NOT click on it, not yet. Why? If you do, the add-on will save all the tabs in the Stash and close them all. It's kind of similar to what OneTab does, but Tab Stash only hides the tabs from view, the tabs are open in the background. Tab Stash works as a side-bar tool. So what you want to do is right-click on the extension's icon and select "Show Stashed Tabs in a Sidebar". This opens the side-bar without closing your tabs. Don't like side bars? Use the "Show Stashed Tabs in a Tab"(refer to the first screenshot). This option looks a lot better, and you can view the full/extended title of tabs in the "Tab" mode. Tab Stash lists your tabs in the "Unstashed tabs" section. The list displays the tabs of the current window, so if you've multiple windows, you'll need to manage them in each instance. There are four buttons at the top of the tab list. If you have unstashed tabs, the first option can be used to stash them all or the ones you select. Use the alt button when clicking on the option to stash the tabs without closing them. Note: Select the tabs normally as you would by using Ctrl or Shift on the Firefox tab bar, and then click on the Tab Stash button. The second button in the side bar allows you to stash the active tab to the current group. Restore all tabs from the stash by hitting the third button. The fourth option does the same, i.e., it loads the tabs from the group but also deletes the group. The X button deletes the group without loading the tabs. Tab Groups When you stash some tabs, a new group is created. By default, Tab Stash assigns it a name in the format "Saved, date, time". Click on the name to rename it. Hit the arrow icon to collapse/hide the list of tabs in the group. Let's get to the tabs in the group. Right-click on a tab and the Firefox link context menu pops-up. Mouse over a tab in the list and two icons appear, use them to load the tab from the stash or to delete the tab. There are five ways to stash tabs. The first method is to left-click the toolbar icon that saves all your tabs. The second option is to right-click on the icon and select "Stash tabs" or "Copy Tabs to Stash". The latter is more useful in my opinion, as it doesn't close the tabs when stashing them. Or you may use the "Stash this tab" button in the address bar, which saves the current tab for later. The fourth method is to use the side bar or the add-on's tab to stash the tabs. You can right-click anywhere in the browser to access the Stash Tabs options. Search Tab Stash has a built-in search tool at the top of the side bar/tab interface. Enter a keyword in it and the extension will filter the list to display only the corresponding results. The search works in real time on an as-you-type basis. That's handy if you have a ton of tabs and don't want to waste time scrolling down a list. How it works Tab Stash saves your tabs as bookmarks in its own folder. This also ensures your tabs sync across devices via Firefox sync. The add-on checks existing tabs to see whether a tab from the stash is loaded before restoring it. Note: This review is mostly based on Tab Stash 2.5. The extension was updated to version 2.6 a few days ago, which added support for some additional features. This includes options to import and export tabs. The release notes and the Wiki say these options are available from the Tab Stash menu, but I wasn't able to find them. I've tried restarting the browser, removing and re-installing the add-on to no avail. Tab Stash is an open source extension. Landing Page: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/tab-stash/ Save your Firefox tabs in a single-click with Tab Stash
  21. sanjoa

    Issue with Firefox and IDM

    Hi everybody! I'm facing issues with Internet Download Manager and Firefox 77.0/77.0.1. IDM integration module stopped working since I've updated to latest Mozilla version. IDM support told me to uninstall and reinstall the plugin but it didn't work. What should I do?
  22. Firefox 77.0.1 will be released today to fix one issue Mozilla plans to release Firefox 77.0.1 to the Stable channel later today. The new version of the web browser comes just a day after the release of Firefox 77.0 Stable on June 2, 2020. While it is not uncommon for Mozilla to release a smaller update shortly after a major version update, the time between a major release and a bug fix release is usually a good indicator of the importance of the update. The release notes list a single bug: Disabled automatic selection of DNS over HTTPS providers during a test to enable wider deployment in a more controlled way The linked bug, 1642723, provides additional insight on the fix. According to its assignee and other contributors, the fix "prefs-off a feature" related to Firefox's rollout of DNS over HTTPS that caused network strain on the network of the provider NextDNS. We need to be able to roll this out gradually so that we don't overload any providers. Even the dry-run involves up to 10 requests per client which can be very significant when the entire release population updates. NextDNS is one of the providers that Mozilla selected for inclusion as a default HTTPS over DNS providers in the Firefox web browser. This prefs-off a feature that seems to be effectively DDoS'ing NextDNS, one of our DNS over HTTPs providers. This patch is blocking the rollout of Fx77. DNS over HTTPS is a new security and privacy feature that is being rolled out in Firefox, and also available in other browsers. Most browser makers, e.g. Google, plan to introduce support for DNS over HTTPS this year. Microsoft has integrated the feature in the company's Windows 10 operating system as well recently. Mozilla stopped the rollout of Firefox 77.0 Stable because of the bug. The organization created a patch and plans to release it on June 3, 2020 to the Firefox Stable population. Firefox 77.0.1 will be released today to fix one issue [Front paged here... Mozilla Firefox Browser 77.0.1 ]
  23. Firefox may soon get native password exports Firefox users may soon be able to export passwords natively in the web browser. Currently, it is not possible to export passwords directly using built-in tools. While password syncing is supported to sync passwords across Firefox installations, an option to export or import manually is not. Users may use third-party password managers like KeePass to export Firefox passwords or third-party tools like Firefox Password Exporter. The initial request to add exporting options to Firefox's password manager dates back more than 16 years. The bug reporter suggested that Firefox should get functionality to export/backup saved passwords to a file. The bug was assigned to a new contributor who discovered it on Bugzilla. It did not take long to integrate the export functionality in Firefox. The feature lands in Firefox Nightly first; it is hidden according to the developer and it may take a while before it gets enabled by default in Firefox Nightly. Mozilla has not yet decided on the stable version of Firefox that may get the feature included. The password exporting option itself has been integrated into the Firefox password manager. All you need to do is open about:logins in the Firefox address bar to open it. A click on the main menu (the three dots) displays the new "export passwords to CSV" option. A save dialog opens when you select the export option and you may save the file to the local system or open it using an installed software program. The CSV file contains all saved Firefox passwords and related information; it is a plain text file that can be opened in any plain text editor or spreadsheet application. Most password managers should be able to import the data using the file. Note: since the file is not protected in any way, it is important to keep it safe. One of the better options is to put it in an encrypted container or on encrypted storage space, e.g. by using a program like Vera Crypt. Closing Words Password exporting may not be a much requested feature, and that is likely the main reason why it has not been picked up earlier, but it is a feature that some users will welcome. Firefox may soon get native password exports
  24. Firefox 78 comes with option to view blocked resources Firefox 78 Stable will support options to view website resources that were blocked during page load. Some site content may not be loaded; a common reason for that is that users make use of built-in on third-party content blocking options. While content blocking, e.g. to block ads or tracking, are common, there are also other reasons such as resources that time out or cut server connections. Up until now, Firefox did not list the blocked resources in the list of network connections when opening sites in the web browser. The information may be displayed by the used tools but that depends on the used tool. Firefox 78 comes with a new option to analyze blocked connections; the information is useful to site owners and developers for the most part, but home users may also find it useful if they notice that content is not loaded on certain sites. All that is required is to tap on the F12 shortcut to open the Developer Tools of the web browser. Select the Network tab when the Developer Tools interface is ready. Every item that is listed in red has not been loaded. The reason for that is provided as well, e.g. Firefox might display "blocked by uBlock Origin" if the extension is installed and active. Users may also see Tracking Protection or other blocker extensions as the reason for the blocking. A click on the "transferred" column sorts the entire listing of connections based on the data of that column so that it is easy to analyze all resources that were blocked in the browser during connection to the site. The developer tools provide no option to allow blocked connections; this needs to be managed in the blocking options of Firefox or the extension instead. The new feature is already available in developer versions of the Firefox web browser. Firefox 78 Stable will be released on June 30, 2020 according to the browser's release schedule. Closing Words Extension developers and webmasters may appreciate the new option the most but it may also be useful for home users who want to figure out why content is not loaded on a specific site. Source: Firefox 78 comes with option to view blocked resources (gHacks - Martin Brinkmann)
  25. Get RSS feed URLs from any page and preview them using the Want My RSS extension for Firefox When you are on a website, and want to see if it offers an RSS feed that you may want to subscribe to, what do you do? Usually the best way is to look for the RSS icon on the page. IF there is none, you could check the source or try common feed URLs direclty, e.g. by appending /feed/ to to the domain. https://www.ghacks.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Want-My-RSS-icon.jpg Want my RSS is a Firefox extension that aims to simplify this task. Install the add-on and visit any web page. You'll notice an RSS icon (next to the bookmark icon) in the address bar. Click on the icon and a small pop-up appears, that lists the available RSS feeds. Mouse over the RSS feed that you want to access. Left-click on it and Want My RSS will open load the page in its feed previewer. Another way to do this is to click the RSS Feed URL on the website, or simply open the feed's link, it will be loaded in the extension's previewer. Use it to read the latest articles on the website. This includes the images that were included in the posts, but videos aren't displayed in the previewer. Click on an article's title/URL to load it normally. By default, the add-on uses "Relative time" (like an hour ago) to indicate when an article was published in the feed that you're viewing. Uncheck the box next to "Relative time" to view the exact time stamp when the post was published to the feed. Use the sort box near the top corner in the feed previewer to sort the articles by Newest or Oldest. See that icon to the right of the articles? Click on it to switch to the day or night theme, which changes the background color of the Want My RSS previewer page. Do note that this isn't a full-fledged RSS reader extension by any means (for starters it lacks notifications). You may want to try something like Smart RSS or Feedbro for a proper feed reader. Or, click on the icon next to the Subscribe button to choose from a list of feed readers: Feedly, The Old Reader, InoReader, News Blur, Netvibes, BazQux, Feedbin, G2Reader, CommaFeed, Nooshub. If you don't use any of those, scroll to the top of the preview page. The add-on displays the name and the link of the RSS feed in the top left corner. Mouse over near the URL to view the URL and copy it. Now, you can use it to subscribe to the feed in any feed reader of your choice. The add-on doesn't work perfectly with all sites. E.g. For some reason, it doesn't pick up gHacks' feed, i.e. the Want My RSS button doesn't appear in the address bar. Another thing that I observed was the "Subscribe to page" option that appears when clicking on the three-dot icon in the address-bar. The option was grayed out. However, clicking on the blog's feed button loaded it in the previewer. I also noticed an issue with some websites where the extension would not load the preview (for e.g. the European PlayStation blog). Other options Open the add-on's page to define the rules for custom feeds. If you don't want the extension to load the preview of feeds, disable the "Intercept requests" option. Toggle the "open popup feeds in a new tab" option to force Want My RSS to load a feed in a new tab. It's useful when you don't want to navigate away from the source website. Want My RSS is an open source extension. Landing Page: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/want-my-rss/ Source: Get RSS feed URLs from any page and preview them using the Want My RSS extension for Firefox (gHacks - Ashwin)
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