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  2. Have I Been Pwned — which tells you if passwords were breached — is going open source Troy Hunt did a good thing, and he’s trying to give it away Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge These days, we almost take it as a given that piss-poor security will inevitably expose some of your usernames and passwords to the world — that’s why 2FA is so important, and why you might want a password checkup tool like the ones now built into every modern browser (well, Safari is coming soon) so you can quickly replace the ones that were stolen. But nearly all of those password checkup tools owe something to Troy Hunt’s Have I Been Pwned, which was kind of a novel idea when it first launched 7 years ago — and Hunt is now open-sourcing his website codebase so the idea can spread even further. While not all password checkup tools actually use Hunt’s database (a just-announced LastPass feature calls on one hosted by Enzoic instead), many of them are apparently based on the same “k-Anonymity” API that Cloudflare engineering manager Junade Ali originally designed to support Have I Been Pwned’s tool. The important idea here is that you want to be able to tell users that their password has been breached without providing an opportunity for bad actors to figure out which passwords those are and make the breach even worse; k-Anonymity uses math to make it harder for hackers. But Hunt said last year that he doesn’t want to continue this all by himself, he wants the idea to expand, and after a failed attempt to get another company to acquire HIBP without compromising on a list of ideals, he’s now going to try to open it all up for the community to contribute. Note, though, that it’s not quite happening yet. Hunt writes that he doesn’t have a timeline for opening it up, partly because it’s in a messy state, and partly because he wants to make sure he can keep the databases of breached passwords themselves from falling into the wrong hands. At this rate, I imagine it’ll happen before we manage to get rid of passwords altogether, but it might be a ways away. Have I Been Pwned — which tells you if passwords were breached — is going open source
  3. Huawei will say goodbye to its high-end Kirin chipset after Mate 40 debut The U.S. government's hostile actions against China's Huawei will soon have a serious impact on the company's ability to source vital components for its flagship devices. Huawei has confirmed that the upcoming Mate 40 series will feature its last high-end Kirin processor. Richard Yu, the CEO of consumer business at Huawei, announced during the 2020 Summit of the China Information Technology Association that the company would lose its means to produce the Kirin 9000 chipset after September 15. That date marks the end of every business transaction that a U.S. company can make with Huawei, unless approved by the federal government. In May of this year, the U.S. Commerce Department issued a ruling that would require foreign companies to obtain a license from the U.S. government before they can supply chips to Huawei or any of its subsidiaries like HiSilicon, which relies on Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) for chip fabrication. TSMC, in turn, obtains some of its equipment from the U.S. Huawei can also hardly turn to China's chip manufacturers as well. The Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation, a Shanghai-based semiconductor foundry company, doesn't have the means to fill the gap, Yu revealed at the summit. In addition, the Huawei executive said the firm would limit the supplies of the Mate 40 phones. Yu added: "We made huge R&D investments and went through a difficult journey. Unfortunately, when it came to semiconductor production, Huawei didn't participate in investing in heavy assets in this field; we only did chip design but skipped chip production." The news compounds Huawei's woes for its Mate 40 production. The upcoming flagship smartphone could be facing delays already after the company informed some of its suppliers that it would reduce its component orders due to supply-chain interruptions following the U.S. export ban. Huawei will say goodbye to its high-end Kirin chipset after Mate 40 debut
  4. SpaceX, ULA are the big winners for US national security launches The two companies will split the contracts 60/40 A SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket carrying satellites for the U.S. Air Force launches on June 25, 2019. Photo by Paul Hennessy/NurPhoto via Getty Images The US Department of Defense has selected its two primary rocket companies for getting satellites into orbit in the years ahead: long-time military launch provider United Launch Alliance (ULA) and SpaceX. ULA will receive 60 percent of the department’s satellite launch contracts, while SpaceX will receive 40 percent. The two companies beat out rivals Northrop Grumman and Blue Origin to launch DoD missions between fiscal years 2022 and 2027. This is a big prize, as each individual launch can cost over $100 million. The DoD hasn’t committed to an exact number of launches over that five-year period, but they have awarded $316 million to SpaceX and $337 million to ULA “to meet fiscal year 2022 launch dates”, according to a DoD statement. “This was an extremely tough decision and I appreciate the hard work industry completed to adapt their commercial launch systems to affordably and reliably meet our more stressing national security requirements,” Col. Robert Bongiovi, director of the Space and Missile Systems Center Launch Enterprise, said in a statement. There’s a milestone here, too: the end of this program’s use of the Atlas V rocket. That rocket, made by ULA, relies on the Russian RD-180 engine. But the Russian engines have been a political minefield ever since Russia invaded Ukraine in 2014; that year, NASA even suspended contact with Russia. Since then, the DoD has been trying to phase out its reliance on Russian technology. In 2018, it awarded ULA, Northrop Grumman, and Blue Origin a combined $2 billion in contracts to develop next-generation rockets. SpaceX wasn’t happy about that award — in 2019 they sued the government over the contract. The company argued the award gave their competitors a leg up in getting awarded the launches. In the end, the DoD passed over vehicles designed by Blue Origin and Northrop Grumman. Instead, they picked SpaceX Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy rockets, which have proven themselves in flight. They also chose ULA’s future Vulcan Centaur rocket, which is currently set to make its first flight in 2021. SpaceX, ULA are the big winners for US national security launches
  5. Moved from General News.
  6. HBO Max and Ava DuVernay are making a series based on the @OnePerfectShot Twitter account A celebration of cinematography Danielle Levitt/August Images Ava DuVernay is partnering with HBO Max and the team behind Twitter’s popular One Perfect Shot account to create a half-hour documentary series of the same name, the company announced today. One Perfect Shot will look at an iconic shot from different films, with the directors of those films walking viewers through a detailed breakdown of how it came to be. Each episode will feature a different director “walking through the scene in 360 moments that allow viewers to join an immersive exploration of moviemaking,” according to a press release. Essentially, think of the show as a celebration of cinematography. DuVernay, who directed A Wrinkle in Time, Selma, 13th, and created Netflix’s When They See Us, is set to narrate and executive produce the series. One Perfect Shot is designed around the actual act of filmmaking — the technology and behind-the-scenes work that goes into making movies. “I’ve long wanted to create a series about the art of directing,” DuVernay said. “To chronicle the craft of great filmmakers is a dream come true for me and all of us at ARRAY Filmworks.” The One Perfect Shot Twitter account, which has just over 560,000 followers, was started in 2013 by filmmaker Geoff Todd. In 2016, the account’s ownership was given to publisher Neil Miller and became a part of the Film School Rejects portfolio. Since then, the account has grown and Miller has launched a newsletter under the same name to further talk about the art of filmmaking. Here’s a brief excerpt on why Miller and Todd believe that One Perfect Shot has become as popular as it has online: We’re fans of the work. We obsess over every scene, every frame, and every filmmaking technique. We’re often attracted to sophisticated, detail-oriented filmmaking and storytelling. We love filmmakers who use the entire frame, regardless of their medium. And most of all, we love learning about the craft of filmmaking. Whether it’s the director’s commentary track on a home video release, a deep-dive essay that explains a filmmaking technique, a thoughtful video essay, or a conversation with anyone who works on set, we are always seeking to learn about how the things we love are made. There’s no estimated premiere date for the show or a list of which directors are attached right now. HBO Max and Ava DuVernay are making a series based on the @OnePerfectShot Twitter account
  7. Lawn chairs and kitchen tables: Ergonomics in the involuntary work-from-home era Or, how to work at home for the long haul without violating workplace health and safety laws. Enlarge / This is your skeleton. This is your skeleton working from home. Any questions? Aurich Lawson / Getty Images 147 with 91 posters participating With offices shuttered around the world, many people are experiencing working from home for the first time—or experiencing it in much longer doses than they were used to. Many companies are planning to keep employees working remotely at least part of the time well into 2021. And some are considering making it permanent. Countless people have had to improvise their work-at-home workspaces. But now that we're several months in, some of that improvisation may be wearing thin. And one of the things that often gets pushed to the back burner in all this improvisation is ergonomics. If you haven't worked from home regularly in the past, and you're now sitting at the kitchen table every day working from a corporate-issued laptop, you're probably feeling the physical strains of this never-going-to-be-normal reality. As someone who has worked primarily from home for a quarter of a century, I've had a lot of time to figure out what does and does not work in a home office. The changes that have come with COVID-19—including having my wife and daughter in lockdown with me, both working from home themselves—have required some adjustments and some re-equipping. We needed our home workspaces to support the new world of work while maintaining comfort and a reasonable level of sanity mid-pandemic. These are not ideal times to begin with, but it’s still important to pay attention to the ergonomics of your home workspace. The last thing you want to do is add more stress (and potential repetitive stress injury) to life right now. That may mean acquiring a few new things to furnish your workspace, or improvising with what you have to make working from home more sustainable (or at least less of an OSHA violation). Lighting Not everyone can afford a dedicated space in their home for work. But it helps to pick someplace in your home that is specifically a workspace and to make sure it meets some basic needs. Make sure you’ve got even lighting to reduce eye strain, especially as you move your eyes from the computer monitor to elsewhere. If you’re in a room where there’s no overhead lighting, it's crucial to add some task lighting near your desk—especially behind your laptop screen. Enlarge / You definitely want that light behind your screen, not aimed at it. A bit of illumination behind and around the screen helps reduce eyestrain. profstocktv / Getty Images The generally accepted standard for office lighting is 500 lumens per square meter (lux), or just over 45 foot-candles. OSHA’s minimum allowable lighting for indoor offices is 30 foot-candles (322 lux). Given that a 60-watt bulb produces about 800 lumens, if you’ve got a 120 square foot (11 square meter) office, you would need five evenly spaced 60-watt bulbs (generating 4,000 lumens) just to meet OSHA’s minimum. When I re-outfitted my home office, I put in LED ceiling lighting that does a good job illuminating my workspace with help from natural light from windows. But we needed to get some task lighting for my wife’s workspace once she started spending the whole day there. Task lighting was the quickest and most economical option—a floor lamp with directional lighting, using a bright LED bulb (in combination with some new bulbs for existing lights), brought the light around her workspace out of the dark ages. Desk lamps can be good, but it depends how much desk space you want to give up to lighting. Enlarge / This man is pleased with his task lighting. Look at him smile. I'm not really in love with the found-material work surface but the lamp is good, at least. Westend61 / Getty Images The lighting you choose will depend greatly on what makes you feel more productive and relaxed. While I’ve gone for daylight white, you may prefer something warmer. I have an aversion to Internet of Things lightbulbs for various reasons, but one of their advantages is that many (including Wyze and Philips Hue) are tunable to a wide range of color temperatures. I have Philips Hue lights set up so that I can change the temperature of lighting depending on time of day and task. The desk and chair (or not chair) The couch does not make a good office. Regardless of what they call it, a “laptop” does not belong on your lap for very long. No, you’re not going to (necessarily) go infertile, and there’s no evidence to suggest that Wi-Fi is going to give you leg cancer. It’s more about posture and repetitive stress—your neck and wrists are at greater risk than your genitals. Even those laptop “desks” designed for use while sitting on the couch or elsewhere do not correct enough for the posture horrors created by working on a piece of furniture designed for relaxation. The same goes for working from the dining room table for a prolonged period of time: that chair and that table are not designed for hours of typing. While I was waiting for the paint to dry in my office, I worked from the dining room for a day—and it was less than optimal. Enlarge / Behold, your lower back's nemesis. photographer and designer / Getty Images It’s not necessarily the table that’s the problem. It’s the chair, along with the relative height of the table. The Mayo Clinic’s recommendations on ergonomics are for a work surface that is at or below elbow height, with a screen that’s an arm’s length away—and viewed at a slight downward angle. If you’re sitting, the Mayo Clinic says your knees should be about level with your hips, so there should be adequate clearance under the desk for knees, thighs and feet. You’ll also need good enough lumbar support to make sure you’re sitting at about a 90-degree angle to your hips, not hunched forward or leaning back. I say “if you’re sitting” because I gave up on office chairs a long time ago and moved to a full-time standing desk. After my Aeron chair my employers bought for my first full-time home office gig in 1995 reached the end of its useful life, I was reluctant to shell out that kind of money on my own for a new chair—particularly on a journalist’s budget. But I found that cheaper office chairs didn’t offer enough lumbar support, and those options didn’t fit in well with my multi-monitor, multi-keyboard work style. And ultimately, I found that if I saw sitting all day, I just wasn’t moving around enough. Because of my height, I found most convertible desks (including the electrically powered ones that rise to standing height with a push of a button) were not tall enough to comfortably type at, and I was leery about them supporting my array of monitors. I eventually bought a Husky workbench and an adjustable drafting chair for occasional resting periods. (Standing all day is not a great ergonomic choice, either.) Enlarge / Look at this healthy guy right here, running while he works. PeopleImages / Getty Images When my wife started working from home, I convinced her that having a choice about standing was a good idea. So I got her a Flexispot Laptop desk riser to go on top of her desk with adjustable-length legs. Then I purchased balance boards for both of us to add some additional motion into the day. As far as office chairs go, you should go for support and comfort. If you’re thinking long-term, prepare to pay for it: Herman Miller and Steelcase ergonomic chairs are comfortable, sturdy, made for heavy use, and cost over $1,000. The WorkPro 12000 Series offers many of the advantages of the Aeron—a breathable back, and good lumbar support—for under $500. If you see yourself going back to an office commute when all this is over, though, you may consider a combo office/gaming chair—something like GTP Office’s gaming chair, for example. That's a good dual-use chair for hours of either kind of screen time, and it has a lumbar massage feature that could come in handy with all the non-work stress we’re experiencing. Input and output The standard corporate-issue laptop may be de rigueur, but it’s far from ergonomic. Very few laptop keyboards are designed for all-day-every-day use, and laptop screens aren't large enough for full-time work usage. And the trackpad—well, most OEMs' trackpads (along with their appalling drivers and software) are about as anti-ergonomic as you can get, right? People have very particular preferences about their input devices that often fly in the face of any sort of ergonomics. According to the experts, most keyboard, mouse, and monitor ergonomic recommendations are about good posture. Where you put your keyboard and pointing device (next to each other, with room to rest your arms) is probably more important than which devices you use. Keeping forearms straight while typing and not flaring the wrists upward helps a lot, so wrist rests can help level the playing field a bit. And having room to move the mice around without reaching over the keyboard or making awkward movements (if you're using a mouse) is equally important. Enlarge / The classic split-key keyboard has helped a lot with typing-related repetitive stress injuries. webphotographeer / Getty Images Some people, bless their hearts, can work perfectly well with their laptop keyboards. I am not one of those people. If you're heavy on keyboard input in your job, and you're stuck using a mushy-keyboard corporate laptop for the next few months (or however long!), you’ll likely want to look for an external keyboard—especially if you want to elevate your laptop screen to a comfortable level for ergonomic viewing or you opt for a larger, external monitor at the desk. The more elevated your laptop screen, the higher you have to raise your arms to type on the keyboard connected to that laptop screen. As far as ergonomically enhanced keyboards go, the Microsoft Ergonomic Keyboard series has long been one of my favorites, with built-in wrist relief and a split layout that touch keyboarders will adapt to quickly. However, in my current job (with three different computers on three different networks, for various reasons), I’ve opted for three nearly identical keyboards based on the mother of all input devices: the IBM Model M keyboard layout. I use a Unicomp UB4044A and two Wyse KU-8933 keyboards, primarily because of their size and key travel. But I also have that huge workbench desktop, so—I’m weird. Enlarge / Ergonomic mice might look a little funky, but they can save you a lot of pain if they work for your arm and wrist. Tanja Esser / EyeEm / Getty Images My wife is happy with her MacBook keyboard for input (for now). But she almost instantly hit the wall with the trackpad and found she needed an external mouse. The Adesso iMouse M20B was a good quick fix—it's inexpensive, wireless, and comfortably fits a wide range of hand sizes. It also allows for DPI tuning (useful when you find yourself needing to make particularly large or particularly small mouse inputs), and it has six programmable buttons that can activate keyboard shortcuts—meaning you can keep hands off the keyboard more frequently for cut and pastes, for example. There are also more ergonomic options, including "vertical" mice (such as the Zlot Vertical Gaming Mouse) that can reduce strain on wrists. If you want some more expert recommendations, UCLA Health has a catalog of approved ergonomic mice to flip through. As far as monitors go, any decent desktop monitor is going to be better than almost every laptop screen in terms of brightness and eye strain remediation. You may be able to get along fine for now with that laptop sitting on a stack of books to get it to a more natural eye level, but as the months of working from home mount, so will the desire for a full-size monitor. Dell's 27" Ultrasharp U2719DX is ubiquitous on corporate desktops and is a reasonably priced choice for working from home. Folks without the desk space to devote to a 27-incher could opt for something like Samsung's SR650 24" monitor, which has the added advantage of coming with a plethora of extra USB ports. Best practices Needless to say, not everyone will have employers willing to let them expense the purchase of ergonomic improvements for home office life. But as office closures continue deep into 2021, and some employers begin to question whether staff ever need to come back into the office full-time, that attitude may very well change. In the meantime, people will need to improvise to achieve something approaching the ergonomics of the office space, whether it's Ikea hacks and other adventures in home office furnishing. Beyond the known science of ergonomics, some community information exchange will help make this all a little easier (or, at least, more interesting). To that end, we'd love to hear from you: what are you doing to keep working while at home, and what ergonomic hacks have you tried? Leave your tips in the comments, and we'll share the best of them later this month. Lawn chairs and kitchen tables: Ergonomics in the involuntary work-from-home era
  8. Rajeshl

    [JOTD] Joke of the day

    I ordered an extension course, “How to Deal With Life’s Disappointments”. Yesterday, I got the first lesson by post. It was an empty envelope. Source
  9. Today
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  11. winning0308

    Outlook 365, how to change display name?

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  12. aum

    [JOTD] Joke of the day

    Little Johnny was caught swearing by his teacher. "Johnny," she said, "you shouldn't use that kind of language. Where did you hear such talk, anyway?" "My daddy said it," he responded. "Well, that doesn't matter," explained the teacher. "You don't even know what it means." "I do, too!" Little Johnny retorted. "It means the car won't start."
  13. Last fully intact ice shelf in the Canadian Arctic lost more than 40% of its areas in two days at the end of July The last fully intact ice shelf in the Canadian Arctic has collapsed, losing more than 40% of its area in just two days at the end of July. The Milne Ice Shelf is at the fringe of Ellesmere Island, in the sparsely populated northern Canadian territory of Nunavut. “Above normal air temperatures, offshore winds and open water in front of the ice shelf are all part of the recipe for ice shelf break up,” the Canadian Ice Service said in a tweet earlier this week. “Entire cities are that size. These are big pieces of ice,” said Luke Copland, a glaciologist at the University of Ottawa who was part of the research team studying the Milne Ice Shelf. The shelf’s area shrank by about 80 sq km. By comparison, the island of Manhattan in New York covers roughly 60 sq km. “This was the largest remaining intact ice shelf, and it’s disintegrated, basically,” Copland said. The Arctic has been warming at twice the global rate for the last 30 years, due to a process known as Arctic amplification. But this year, temperatures in the polar region have been intense. The polar sea ice hit its lowest extent for July in 40 years. Record heat and wildfires have scorched Siberian Russia. Summer in the Canadian Arctic this year in particular has been 5C above the 30-year average, Copland said. That has threatened smaller ice caps, which can melt quickly because they do not have the bulk that larger glaciers have to stay cold. As a glacier disappears, more bedrock is exposed, which then heats up and accelerates the melting process. “The very small ones, we’re losing them dramatically,” he said, citing researchers’ reviews of satellite imagery. “You feel like you’re on a sinking island chasing these features, and these are large features. It’s not as if it’s a little tiny patch of ice you find in your garden.“ The ice shelf collapse on Ellesmere Island also meant the loss of the northern hemisphere’s last known epishelf lake, a geographic feature in which a body of freshwater is dammed by the ice shelf and floats atop ocean water. A research camp, including instruments for measuring water flow through the ice shelf, was lost when the shelf collapsed. “It is lucky we were not on the ice shelf when this happened,” said researcher Derek Mueller of Carleton University in Ottawa, in a 2 August blogpost. Ellesmere also lost its two St Patrick Bay ice caps this summer. “We saw them going, like someone with terminal cancer. It was only a matter of time,” said Mark Serreze, director of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in Boulder, Colorado. The vanishing was confirmed last month, when Nasa satellite shots of the region revealed a complete lack of snow and ice, said Serreze, who studied the caps as a graduate student on his first trip to the Arctic years ago. At the time, he said, the caps had seemed like immovable parts of the geography. “When I was there in the 1980s I knew every square inch of those ice caps,” he said. “You have the memories. It’s like your first girlfriend.“ Meanwhile, another two ice caps on Ellesmere – called Murray and Simmons – are also diminishing and are likely to disappear within 10 years, Serreze said. Source
  14. Toshiba has finally and formally exited the laptop business Toshiba has made laptops since 1985 and claims to have been the first to make a mass-market computer in the now-familiar clamshell form factor. By the 1990s the company was producing solid workhorses in the Satellite range and started to make meaningful stretches of mobile work possible with the small, thin and light Portégé range. Those products saw Toshiba lead the world for laptop market share through the late 1990s and retain that position for much of the 2000s. Even as the PC market consolidated in that decade, Toshiba was often ranked among the top five of all PC vendors despite only ever dabbling in desktops. As the 2000s rolled along Toshiba devices became bland in comparison to the always-impressive ThinkPad and the MacBook Air, while Dell and HP also improved. Toshiba also never really tried to capture consumers’ imaginations, which didn't help growth. As the PC market contracted and Lenovo, Dell and HP came to dominate PC sales in the 2010s, Toshiba just became a less likely brand to put on a laptop shopping list. By 2018 the company saw the writing on the wall and sold its PC business unit to Sharp for a pittance – just $36m changed hands - but retained a 19.9 percent share of the company with an option in Sharp’s favour to buy that stock. Sharp quickly renamed the business to “Dynabook”, a product name Toshiba had used in Japan, and set about releasing new models and reviving the brand. And it’s done rather well, as shown in our recent review of the new Portégé X30L-G. Which brings us to June 30th, 2020, when Sharp exercised its option to acquire the 19.9 percent of Dynabook shares it did not already own. On Tuesday, Toshiba transferred those shares and announced the transaction on Thursday. And thus ends Toshiba’s time as a PC vendor. ® Source
  15. Yesterday
  16. Cox Communications is requesting a reduction of the piracy damages awarded by a Virginia jury last year in favor of a group of prominent music companies. The ISP argues that 2,438 duplicate or overlapping works should be scrapped, which translates to a massive $243 million in damages, roughly a quarter of the total. Last year, Internet provider Cox Communications lost its legal battle against a group of major record labels. Following a two-week trial, a Virginia jury held Cox liable for its pirating subscribers, ordering the company to pay $1 billion in damages. Heavily disappointed by the decision, Cox later asked the court to set the jury verdict aside and decide the issue directly. In addition, the ISP argued that the “shockingly excessive” damages should be lowered. If that wasn’t an option, Cox wanted a new trial. No Miscarriage of Justice In June the court denied Cox’s request for a new trial and the damages amount per work wasn’t seen as excessive either. The jury set this amount at $99,830 per work. Cox summed up a list of arguments why this is “historic” amount is “shockingly” excessive. However, unlike Cox, the court saw no “miscarriage of justice.” “In sum, Plaintiffs were well within their rights to elect both a jury trial and statutory damages. After significant deliberation, the jury awarded $99,830.29 per work, well within the Act’s statutory range of $750.00-$150,000.00,” Judge O’Grady wrote. These conclusions were a major disappointment for Cox, but there was also a positive note. The court agreed with the ISP that damages should be issued per ‘work’ and not for each ‘copyright,’ as was the case in the original verdict. Overlapping Works Shouldn’t Count The $1 billion in damages is based on 10,017 copyrights, multiplied by $99,3830 in damages. However, the court said that infringers shouldn’t be punished multiple times for one pirated track simply because there are more copyrights related to it. After all, some tracks can easily have 20 different copyright holders. Over the past few weeks, the ISP went over all the works that were listed by the music companies. According to its analysis, this includes thousands of overlapping copyrights. This careful examination of the evidence didn’t just reveal derivative tracks. As it turns out, the original list of tracks also included the musical composition “Shine” twice. A small mistake, but one that cost nearly $100,000. $243 Million Reduction After going over all the provided evidence, Cox argues that 2,438 works should be removed. This represents a total damages value of $243,386.25. “The total number of works to be removed from the damages award under the Court’s order is thus 2,438, leaving 7,579 works in suit that are eligible for statutory damages,” Cox writes. “Applying the per-work award of $99,830.29 to the 7,579 remaining works in suit, the statutory damages award should be reduced from $1 billion to $756,613,767.91,” the Internet provider adds. While this is still a historically high damages award, shaving off nearly a quarter-billion from the original sum is certainly significant. That said, this is all based on Cox’s calculations and has yet to be formally approved by the court. A copy of Cox’s post-trial response brief, detailing its calculations, is available here (pdf) Source
  17. The entertainment industry-backed group Digital Citizens Alliance and content protection company NAGRA have published a new study which estimates the pirate IPTV market in the US to be worth a cool billion dollars. So who is making the big bucks from illicit live TV and VOD content and how? In June, TorrentFreak published an article which gave a very brief outline of the pirate IPTV business, in particular how those services are sold and how customers are serviced. The report scratched only the service of what is a highly organized industry, one that over the past several years has developed into a global phenomenon – not to mention a thorn in the side of major entertainment industry groups. A new report from content protection company NAGRA takes a much deeper dive, outlining not only the structure of pirate IPTV supply but also providing estimates on the size of the market in the United States and who’s making money from it. Right off the bat, it’s worth noting that the report is co-presented by the Digital Citizens Alliance, a Hollywood-funded group that has produced highly-critical studies in the past, focusing variously on the so-called ‘cyberlocker’ market and alleged connections between pirate content and malware. US Pirate IPTV Market Estimated to Be Worth a Cool Billion Dollars Titled “Money for Nothing”, the headline figure in the report is that the pirate IPTV market in the United States generates a billion dollars every year. This is the revenue from subscriptions alone and excludes the costs associated with buying hardware (set-top boxes etc) to play the content. NAGRA says that subscription costs vary quite wildly ($2pm to $25pm) but most average between $10pm to $15pm. For the purposes of the study, NAGRA presumes $10pm ($120 per year) for a typical sunscriber. The researchers believe that nine million households in the US currently have a pirate subscription, meaning that when other household residents are accounted for, around 30 million individuals are watching content from these sources, which is roughly nine percent of the population. The stated aim of the report is to determine whether this poses a major threat to legitimate providers, one that “should draw the immediate and sustained attention of policymakers and law enforcement.” How the Pirate IPTV Market is Structured “The consumer’s point of contact with the piracy ecosystem is the PS IPTV [Pirate Subscription IPTV] Retailer. The Retailer advertises to the public, often through social media, driving users to a storefront website where they can download the app, buy a device with the app pre-installed, or otherwise receive instructions on how to access and pay for the services,” the report reads. “Typically, the Retailer purchases its service from a PS IPTV Wholesaler. Often, the Retailer buys ‘credits’ from a Wholesaler to sell a certain number of subscriptions to consumers. The Retailer relies on the Wholesaler’s technical infrastructure and access to stolen content to deliver the service to subscribers. The Retailer spends little in upfront costs, and can purchase additional credits from the Wholesaler whenever its customer base expands.” The report shies away from providing lists of retailers and wholesalers but one well-known service, Rocketstreams, gets a particularly clear and prominent mention, as the image below shows. “In some instances, a Wholesaler may be a fully integrated operation, gathering the feeds of the stolen channels, developing its own proprietary technology, and using its own servers and software to scrape internet sources for stored movies and television shows for Video on Demand (VOD) services. More commonly, a Wholesaler will outsource or barter for one or more of these functions,” the NAGRA report adds. It’s common knowledge that most ‘wholesalers’ don’t have direct source access to all of the channels they provide to their customers, since the logistics are both complex and expensive. Instead, as the report notes, it’s common for them to work with other ‘wholesalers’ to either share channel packages to fill gaps in their respective offerings or buy the rights to restream them outright. Pirate IPTV Retailers: Costs and Profits Beginning with the customer-facing retailers, NAGRA estimates that in the US alone, they operate via 3,500 storefront websites, social media pages, and stores within online marketplaces. A large retailer could have as many as 100,000 subscribers, NAGRA says, while highlighting YouTube star and former IPTV seller Bill Omar Carrasquillo, a.k.a. OMI IN A HELLCAT, as one of the most high-profile. Categorizing Carrasquillo as a ‘retailer’ could be up for debate, however, since he’s on record as stating that he captured his own content, meaning that he could also be considered a wholesaler under the report’s definition. However, it’s likely that at times he did both and anyway, the main point being highlighted is that he sold to the public and reportedly made millions doing so. Of course, not everyone operates on the scale that Carrasquillo did, a point acknowledged by NAGRA. Due to the low barriers to entry, retailers/resellers may have only a few thousand customers or less and for the study, the company analyzed a retailer with around 5,000 subscribers buying subscriptions at $10pm/$120 pa, generating around $600,000 per year. NAGRA looked at the investment and costs involved (including web development and buying ‘credits’ from wholesalers and arrived at profits of $265,000 per year. “In this example, a PS IPTV Retailer with just 5,000 subscribers can expect to make a yearly profit of over $335,000 on an estimated $600,000 in annual revenues. That’s a robust 56 percent profit margin. Moreover, because this is an illegal business, it is highly unlikely that the PS IPTV Retailer is reporting this income to the Internal Revenue Service, so that profit may be tax-free,” NAGRA notes. Pirate IPTV Wholesalers: Costs and Profits “NAGRA estimates that a large Wholesaler may serve streams — through multiple retailers — to millions of subscribers worldwide. This research is rooted in close scrutiny of these operators. For example, NAGRA assisted the investigation that led to the June 2020 Spanish National Police raid that took down dozens of related PS IPTV brands, serving over 2 million subscribers worldwide. “NAGRA discovered 566 domain names pointing to the raided servers, many of which included terms that suggest that they are used to sell or deliver PS IPTV services,” the report reads. For the purposes of the report, NAGRA looked at what it believes to be a typically-sized wholesaler serving around 30,000 subscribers through retailers, meaning that it had no associated retail costs. NAGRA estimates that a typical wholesaler sells restreaming connections for $6 per subscriber per month, with one connection servicing as many consumers as needed. If the wholesaler sells restreaming connections to 10 other wholesalers, it can generate revenues of $144,000 per year. In respect of retail sales, when offered to retailers/resellers at $4 per credit (1 credit = 1 month subscription), the cost is $48.00 to the retailer. “Assuming the 30,000 subscribers are all acquired through its Retailers, the Wholesaler’s revenue would be ($48 x 30,000) = $1,440,000 per year, bringing the Wholesaler’s total revenue to $1,584,000 per year.” Of course, no business exists without costs and NAGRA provides a fairly detailed overview of its estimates, available as images here and here. The bottom line, however, is that wholesalers are more profitable than retailers/resellers, at least when their setup costs are gradually removed as their business gets into full swing. “Once the service has ramped up and capital expenditures have been amortized, this typical Wholesaler would make a yearly profit of over $1,345,200, with a profit margin of 85 percent, also likely tax-free,” the company adds. Legitimate Companies Are Supporting Illegal Business Over the past several years there have been growing demands for legitimate companies to stop doing business with pirate sites and services. At least in part, the report – which will no doubt be used as a lobbying tool in the months and years to come – aims to put those entities under pressure. Payment processors, credit card companies, hosting providers, CDN companies, website services and social media companies all get a general mention for playing a role, from directly processing subscription payments through to tolerating marketing campaigns that drive traffic to pirate services. Alleged Harms to the Consumer While there doesn’t appear to be any major or fundamental issues with NAGRA’s industry overview, no Digital Citizens Alliance report would be complete without claims of piracy hurting the consumer. Indeed, the report speaks loosely of malware issues in respect of pirate apps being unsafe and some pirates collaborating with “hackers and other bad actors” to steal or hijack data, mine cryptocurrency, and other nefarious activities. However, the section is worth reading closely since most references do not relate to premium pirate IPTV subscriptions, with NAGRA only noting that “PS IPTV operators may, either currently or in the future, engage in the same behavior.” Another observation appears to be targeted at government and lawmakers. It has little to do with piracy but has the potential to throw fuel on the fire in the corridors of power since it links terrorism with IPTV providers. “[O]ut of the hundreds of PS IPTV services monitored in NAGRA labs over recent years, nearly 50 percent included Al-Manar in their channel list. The Al-Manar channel was labeled in 2004 by the U.S. government as a ‘Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity.’ It is banned in the United States and in a number of European countries,” the report reads. Al-Manar, of course, is a Lebanese-based TV station owned and operated by political party/militant group Hezbollah which is not only considered a terrorist group by many countries around the world, but also receives backing from Iran. It’s a small point in the report but is almost guaranteed to make headlines in the future. The full report can be downloaded here (pdf) Source
  18. flash13

    TeraCopy 3.5 Beta

    TeraCopy is a compact program designed to copy and move files at the maximum possible speed, providing the user a lot of features. TeraCopy is a free utility designed to copy/move files faster and more secure. Can resume broken file transfers. TeraCopy skips bad files during copy and even shows the skipped files at the end of files transfer. TeraCopy will calculate files CRC checksum on the fly to speed up source and target files comparsion. Seamless integration with Windows Explorer allows you to keep working with files as usual. Copy or move files using left mouse button drag or 'Copy' and 'Paste' commands. Download
  19. tein

    Minitube 3.5

    Site: https://www.upload.ee Sharecode:/files/12116807/MinitubePortable_3.5.paf.exe.html uncluded patch and fix
  20. wozzzzza

    Outlook 365, how to change display name?

    hmmm, pain in the ass, think i will put office 2019 on it soon.
  21. Astronot

    VueScan Pro 9.7.30 (x86/x64)

    This version 9.7.30 x64 failed to work properly with my Canon LiDE 200 scanner on 6 different installation trials. The patcher works perfectly so no issues there. I tried to install this version over top of 9.7.28 x64. I tried no rebooting after installation and it failed (froze up scanner and made really, really strange noises and the scan bulb wouldn't budge - thought my scanner was failing or locked, which it wasn't). I tried uninstalling completely and rebooting after installation without patching and it also failed. The patching/KG seemed to work because the program registered as Pro. But it simply would not work for me and the scanner went haywire. I uninstalled totally and reverted to 9.7.28 and all is working perfectly once more thank goodness. I really thought my scanner was pooched. Then I tried once more to update to 9.7.30 and it failed AGAIN! It also wouldn't work properly either as a trial. Anyhow, if you have a Canon LiDE 200, do not bother with this "updated" version (seeing the change log gave me some hope that scan quality was improved - not like it was bad before but still). I don't know if anyone else has issues with this update, but it consistently failed for me and I know what I am doing with this program.
  22. I freaking love this browser. It's even better if it comes pre-installed and permanent.. And it appears it will eventually be available for linux... Can't wait!
  23. Czech Usar Team in Action https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1PwQ9b48njqBhBSpXhWSEWoALS1_IcgSQ?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1A5KXKmlccab8dM4Bpfb_o0Q-hztOlLyn?usp=sharing
  24. maia

    proDAD Erazr 1.5.76.4

    proDAD Erazr helps you remove unwanted objects from your video - fast and easy! The program removes objects automatically, in the shortest possible time, without requiring manual intervention from you! proDAD Erazr is the perfect tool for both professional filmmakers and those who like to upload their videos to YouTube. How often have you been upset about spoiled video recordings before, because a random person or object came into view at the most inopportune moment? With proDAD Erazr you will make this object invisible! proDAD Erazr will help you to preserve the unique moments of your life in your video in perfect quality! Erazr is an ideal tool equally suited for professional and holiday shooters, for YouTubers as well as sophisticated cinematographers. Erazr is a true problem remover whenever something gets into your frame that might either distract the viewer or simply does not belong there. Most of the time those glitches become evident during editing - when there is no chance anymore for a second take. Erazr can truly do magic. First you mark the unwanted object by applying the intelligent automatic tracking mode. After an analyzing process Erazr will substitute the object by its original background - all done automatically within the shortest time without any manual effort. For this process Erazr will need some seconds of footage before and after the object to be removed has gotten out of view. We recommend that you take the time to thoroughly test the version of Erazr. You will then soon develop a sense how to apply the solution best and what kind of footage is optimal suited. Compared to a conventional and rather imperfect clone stamp and other time and work intensive substitution methods as featured in an NLE program, Erazr's innovative technology offers the far better quality within a fraction of the time. By attaching optional USB input devices, the workflow can even be further enhanced. While controlling the tracking direction and speed with your optional pedals you simultaneously follow the process with your mouse and keyboard for an optimal tracking result even with complex objects. The unparalleled high-quality result driven by the newest Erazr technology will amaze you and your viewers. Features of the program: - Clear timeline for a fast workflow - Easy trimming of clips - Comfortable marking of objects - Manual & automatic object tracking - Comprehensive keyframe support - Supporting optional input devices (like USB pedals) - Effects preview window prior to file export - Direct YouTube upload if desired - Compatible with every framerate (24p / 25p / 30p / 50p / 60p and more) - Supports resolutions up to (and including) 8K Homepage System requirements Windows 64-Bit Vista, Win7, Win8, Win8.1, Win10: 6GB main memory, 1GB graphics memory -- recommended i7-cpu, 16 GB main memory, 3GB graphics memory Download (pre-activated version) Site: https://bayfiles.com Sharecode: /FeY1f5L0o8/Erazr.1.5.76.4_7z Passw: nsane
  25. sam3971

    Condusiv Products Collections ( 2020 )

    It is definitely possible. Regardless, I would definitely update if you have not already because of the issues that existed in build: 1300. I personally don't think it was an issue but questionable as to why it may be acting this way. PS. I use a legit copy myself but I have always installed the latest version manually, just easier for me.
  26. kasper

    I've just watched...

    Iinterestingly
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